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The Slaughter Of The Magi: How Ancient Persia Made Genocide an Annual Holiday

The Slaughter Of The Magi: How Ancient Persia Made Genocide an Annual Holiday

Long before the Holocaust and the atrocities we see today, history has been littered with genocide. Time and time again, minority groups living in the midst of a culture that isn’t their own have seen their neighbors turn on them and tear them apart.

One of the worst massacres was a story that is rarely told today. It happened in ancient Persia more than 2,500 years ago. In 522 BC, the Magi, an immigrant group living in Persia, was almost completely wiped out.

The Persians they’d thought of as their countrymen ran through the streets, massacring every single Magi they could find. And they didn’t stop there. For years to follow, they made The Slaughter of the Magi an annual holiday.

  • The Persian War Machine: Organization and Command – Part I
  • Ignoring Omens and Seeking Vengeance: The Greco-Persian ‘War of the Ages’ Was a Disaster for All
  • An Empire in Death: The Extensive Remains of Persepolis

The Magi: A Minority Group In A Foreign Land

Despite their name, the Magi weren’t wizards or magicians. They were a group of people from Media with a unique set of religious beliefs. In time, they would find a niche for themselves in Persian society, with so many of them serving as priests that the words "priest" and "Magi" would almost become indistinguishable. But when the Slaughter of the Magi happened, they were still newcomers in a foreign land.

At the time, the Magi had only been in Persia for 27 years. Throughout most of their history, the Magi had been one of the six tribes of Media . But in 549 BC , their homeland was conquered by the Persian king Cyrus the Great . After years living among their own, they became strangers in a strange land inside of the Persian Empire.

Depiction of Zoroaster in Clavis Artis, an alchemy manuscript published in Germany in the late 17th or early 18th century and pseudoepigraphically attributed to Zoroaster. ( Public Domain )

They were different from the Persians they lived with. The Persians considered them a religious “sect” with their own unique interpretation of the Zoroastrian religion who clung to their own unique way of life .

They had rules that forced them to accept an unusually equal standing to animals. When they ate meat, they insisted on killing the animals with their bare hands, believing that animals killed with weapons were unclean. And when one of their own died, they refused to bury or burn his body until the meat had been picked clean by birds and dogs.

Still, for most of their time in Persia, they were accepted. It didn’t take long before the Magi found their role as religious leaders. The royal court would keep a Magian present whenever they made a sacrifice to the gods and many got jobs interpreting the dreams of kings.

They thrived in Persia, even if they weren’t exactly like everyone else. They had their own beliefs and they had their own ways, but as far as they could tell, they were accepted there. And they had no reason to think that would ever change.

Rhyton in the shape of a ram's head, gold – western Iran – Median, late 7th–early 6th century BC. (Iroony/ CC BY SA 3.0 )

The Magi Become Scapegoats In a Political Plot

The moment that turned the people of Persia against their Medians is a tale of political intrigue, conspiracy, and corruption. And there’s a pretty good chance that it’s also an outright lie.

According to Persian history , the Magi tried to overthrow the kingdom by impersonating the king.

Cambyses, the son of Cyrus the Great, had lost his mind fighting in Egypt. First, he sent an assassin out to kill his brother Smerdis, the next in line for his throne, and shortly after he killed himself by accidentally falling on his own sword.

The assassin succeeded and Smerdis died – but the Magi priests in the royal court seized an opportunity to cover his death up. They put a Smerdis look-alike named Gaumâta on the throne and told the people of Persia that their imposter was the real Smerdis, heir to the throne of Persia. A Magi priest, disguised as the king, was made ruler of the whole kingdom.

The story ends with Darius I and a team of nobles assassinating the Magi pretending to be Smerdis and declaring himself king – which is why the story is more than just a little suspicious.

Darius I, imagined by a Greek painter, 4th century BC. ( Public Domain )

There’s no direct proof that Darius made the whole thing up, but it is, as one historian put it, a “fairly improbable” story. It’s all just very convenient -- “the king was an imposter” seems like exactly the sort of thing you’d expect the man who assassinated and replaced him to say.

It could be that a group of Magi priests really did plot to overthrow the Persian king, or it could be that they were just a convenient group of foreigners that Darius thought he could use as a scapegoat for his hostile takeover.

Either way, the Persians bought Darius’s story - hook, line, and sinker – and the consequences were horrible.

The Slaughter Of The Magi

Darius and his assassins ran through the castle, slaughtering Magian eunuchs and priests until they finally reached the man who called himself King Smerdis. They killed him on the spot, chopped off the heads of the dead and went out into the streets.

They waved the decapitated heads in front of people’s faces, telling them that their king was an imposter replaced in a Magian plot. They told the people to grab any weapon they could find, hunt down every Magi, and slaughter them all.

The Apadana Palace in Persepolis, Iran, northern stairway (detail) – fifth-century BC Achaemenid bas-relief shows a Mede soldier in traditional Mede costume (behind Persian soldier). ( Public Domain )

The king they’d killed had actually been incredibly popular across the Persian Empire. According to Greek sources , he’d sent aides to the farthest reaches of the kingdom and let them off the hook from paying tribute to the capital.

The people in the capital, however, hated him. They were used to being on top, and they didn’t like that this new king was changing things. When Darius told them that the king was a Magi imposter, they were only too willing to believe it.

They got their weapons and ran through the city, grabbing every Magi they could find and cutting them to pieces. The city was overflowing with their blood. As Herodotus put it: “If nightfall had not stopped them they would not have left one Magus alive.”

Gaumata under Darius I's boot engraved at Behistun Inscription in Kermanshah. (Vahidarbab/ CC BY SA 3.0 )

Genocide Becomes a Holiday

For years afterward, The Slaughter of the Magi was an annual holiday . On the anniversary of Smerdis’s death, the Persians would hold massive feasts . They would give thanks to the gods, eat with their family, and celebrate the day an immigrant community was nearly wiped out.

This was a major holiday. Multiple ancient sources talk about it, and while it’s not entirely clear how long it lasted, it’s said that, during the reign of Darius I, the Slaughter of the Magi was “the greatest holy day that all Persians alike keep”.

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But it was more than just a feast. By strict law, on the day of the holiday, every Magi was required to stay inside his home. If one was caught walking around outside, there was nothing protecting him . Every Persian who saw him was encouraged to beat him, cut him, and leave him bloody and dying in the middle of the road.

Once every year, the Persians would relive the genocide that had turned the streets red with the blood of innocent people.


Massacre of the Innocents

The Massacre of the Innocents is the incident in the nativity narrative of the Gospel of Matthew (2:16–18) in which Herod the Great, king of Judea, orders the execution of all male children two years old and under in the vicinity of Bethlehem. The Catholic Church regards them as the first Christian martyrs, and their feast – Holy Innocents' Day (or the Feast of the Holy Innocents) – is celebrated on 28 December. [3] A majority of Herod biographers, and "probably a majority of biblical scholars," hold the event to be myth, legend or folklore. [4]

  • 27 December (West Syrians)
  • 28 December (Catholic Church, Lutheran Church, Anglican Communion)
  • 29 December (Eastern Orthodoxy)
  • 10 January (East Syrians)

10 Making A Chair Out Of Your Skin

When a Persian judge named Sisamnes was caught accepting a bribe, King Darius was determined to make an example out of him. The courts of Persia, Darius believed, should be impartial and fair. He was going to be sure that Sisamnes&rsquos replacement didn&rsquot make the same mistake.

Sisamnes was killed, but that was just the start. After his throat had been slit, Darius had the executioners flay off every inch of his skin and make them into strips of human leather. Then he had them sew together a chair made of Sisamnes&rsquos skin. [1] From then on, the new judge would have to sit on a chair made of human flesh.

It gets worse: Sisamnes&rsquos replacement was his own son. As he presided over Persia&rsquos trials, he would have to spend every day sitting on a chair made of his father&rsquos flesh. Now, King Darius believed, they would have a judge who would never forget what happened if he accepted a bribe.


Gardens of Persia

Persian gardens are an example of Persian architecture and design at its best. These beautiful and elaborate gardens were designed to provide comfort from the harsh weather conditions in an area that was mostly desert the summers were hot and the winters were cold.

Pasargadae, the first capital of the Achaemenid Empire, has the oldest and perhaps the most elegant example of a Persian garden. The gardens at Pasargadae were excavated by David Stronach who is an expert in the study of ancient and medieval Iran and Iraq.

Lined by exotic trees, orchids, and water channels, they were places for social gatherings and leisure time for the Persians. Within the gardens themselves, there were stone-lined streams in rectangular patterns, and mud-brick walls enclosed the whole garden for protection. The word “paradise” comes from the old Persian word pardeiza which translates as “a wall around,” implying that it was used to describe an enclosed space. Indeed, the gardens would have been a paradise – an oasis – during their time. After the Islamic conquests, the design principles of these gardens were fused with Islamic architecture to create the classic Islamic gardens.

However, mud-brick gardens require a lot of maintenance owing to their brittle nature, and as a result, very few gardens have survived.


Elite Persian boys followed a strict upbringing designed to mold them into military leaders. A boy was taken from his father and brought up by his mother and other female relatives until age five. After that, he went to court to begin his military upbringing, including how to “ride horses, use the bow, and speak the truth.”

Shutterstock

4. The Royal Road

Darius the Great built a highway connecting the Persian Empire from Susa to Sardis. His aim was to ensure smooth and rapid communication across the vast empire.

The distance between the western and eastern borders was 1,700 miles it took 90 days for foot travelers to walk the length of the road and a mere nine days for couriers on horseback. Caravanserai, or royal outposts, were established by Darius the Great along the roadside for foot travelers. The people traveling this route were known as caravanners, hence the outposts’ names. These caravanserai soon became hubs for trade, commerce, and the exchange of information.


Purim – Blood Lust & Genocide

For the year 2010 purim fell on February 28th through March 1st, as can be seen here, and I planned to have some information about this disgusting jewish holiday of blood lust, genocide, and cannibalism, before it came around, but better late than never. If you’re not familiar with purim, you probably should be, because it highlights just how pathetic and repulsive jewish behavior and beliefs are once unmasked.

In this image, the yenta Madonna and Guy Ritchie can be seen dressed up in festive costumes for a purim celebration of genocide with her local kabbalah friends. The jewish media often portrays this as just an innocent, harmless "jewish halloween", but humans don't drink blood and ritually slaughter babies for halloween.

Purim parades itself as an innocent celebration and a necessary part of jewish religion. The truth is, the so-called jewish religion is nothing more than a sick, twisted ideology that condones and promotes jewish hatred for non-jews, supremacism, racism, elitism, murder, genocide, rape, pedophilia, subversion, deceit, usury, and all the other ills jews were once very commonly known for in almost every country on earth.

If you doubt this, go watch the 1940 movie Jud Süß and have a look at how society really saw the jews, who have always behaved as intrusive, destructive, murderous parasites. This movie wasn’t Nazi propaganda, as a jew writer at the New Yorker just tried to say here, while slighting Subverted Nation as an “anti-semitic” website. Nice of them to mention me, but the way he tries to make the subversive nation wrecking, murderous, rapist jew Oppenheimer look like a victim is just plain rotten.

So, what about purim? What is it? To put it simply, purim is a festival held annually on the 14th of the hebrew month Adar, because supremacist jews don’t even use the same calender as we do. In human terms, the holiday usually falls around February or March, with Passover following a month later. During this time of purim, jews celebrate the mythical slaughter of 75,000 of their enemies, i.e. genocide.

Here a couple jews are dressed up for their celebration of purim in Israel. Can you tell which one is the real female? Or are both of them men? No doubt they would carry along an American made assault rifle, just in case a Palestinian might need to be offered up as a sacrifice.

The jews celebrate the mass murder of their enemies, on the pretext that these enemies of the jews are just evil people, who deserved to be viciously murdered in cold blood, but that couldn’t be farther from the truth. Historically, the enemies of the jews have been ALL of your ancestors, for those of you who are non-jewish. Historically, the enemy of the jew has been the hard working, ethical, human beings with a conscience, which makes us completely alien to jews.

For jews, conscience and compassion do not exist. They are merely traits of ours that they mimic so that they might manipulate us. In fact, almost all of the behavior of jews today is a mimicry of our own behavior. Behind closed doors, or out of sight of non-jewish “goyim” (cattle) as they call us, it is a whole different story.

Look at the story of purim as chabad jews (some of the most vile jews) describe it here:

The Persian empire of the 4th century BCE extended over 127 lands, and all the Jews were its subjects. When King Ahasuerus had his wife, Queen Vashti, executed for failing to follow his orders, he orchestrated a beauty pageant to find a new queen. A Jewish girl, Esther, found favor in his eyes and became the new queen—though she refused to divulge the identity of her nationality.

Meanwhile, the anti-Semitic Haman was appointed prime minister of the empire. Mordechai, the leader of the Jews (and Esther’s cousin) defied the king’s orders and refused to bow to Haman. Haman was incensed and convinced the king to issue a decree ordering the extermination of all the Jews on the 13th of Adar—a date chosen by a lottery Haman made.

Mordechai galvanized all the Jews, convincing them to repent, fast and pray to G‑d. Meanwhile, Esther asked the king and Haman to join her for a feast. At the feast, Esther revealed to the king her Jewish identity. Haman was hanged, Mordechai was appointed prime minister in his stead, and a new decree was issued—granting the Jews the right to defend themselves against their enemies.

On the 13th of Adar the Jews mobilized and killed many of their enemies. On the 14th of Adar they rested and celebrated.

This terrorist jew murderer walked into a mosque during purim with grenades and an M-16 and started slaughtering Muslim worshippers. Luckily, this pathetic wretch was stopped and beaten to death with fire extinguishers. This is how all jews should be dealt with.

Basically, a jewess weaseled her way into the King’s favor, much like Oppenheimer in the movie Jud Süß. She hid her identity, because up until just this last century, the entire world was well aware of the dangers that jews posed to sane people, and humanity as a whole. The righteous Haman did as many of us have done today. Declared that all jews should be exterminated for their crimes against our peoples, and their refusal to stop their destructive, murderous, treasonous, and subversive behavior.

Unfortunately, the jews are good at using sex, greed, and lust to undermine many people’s ability to think clearly. Since Esther, a jewess, had now slithered in and made herself the object of the king’s desire, she would wield this influence to have Haman killed for the decree he ordered. Don’t be fooled, because jews do not believe in or pray to a god, as stated above, or they wouldn’t have such a problem spelling the word god, which they substitute “G-d” for. Whatever they “pray” to is a dark, demonic force of evil energy, to which they also sacrifice human babies to.

After using her influence to stop Haman from righteously having jews exterminated, Esther used her sexual and emotional pull with the king to have Haman executed instead. Then the jews “mobilized” and murdered 75,000 people, to stifle any real opposition to their machinations. Haman’s ten sons were also executed by hanging, taking this despicable story down in morality another notch. Again, this story is a fable, but that doesn’t stop jews from enjoying their feast of genocide. The jews celebrate this holiday with great passion, and great fanfare. Here’s more of what they do on purim:

a) Reading of the Megillah (Book of Esther), which recounts the story of the Purim miracle.

b) Giving money gifts to the poor.

c) Sending gifts of food to friends.

d) A festive Purim feast.

It is also customary for children to dress up in disguising costumes.

So, the jews ensure they read the story of slaughtering their enemies during this holiday to keep the thought of genocide against non-jews at the forefront of this murderous “celebration”. Next, they give gifts of money to poor jews, so that they might rise up to positions of power and influence over non-jews, and the kids dress up like the goblins that they are, before they enjoy their feast of blood lust.

You can click here to see the story of Baruch Goldstein, who walked into a Muslim mosque during purim with grenades and an American made M-16 rifle, and started slaughtering Muslims as part of his celebration. This is not the only murder by jews coinciding with purim, but the telling part is how jews erected a shrine to this murderer in Israel, and now hold him to be a hero and a martyr. How many other cultures purposely celebrate murderous terrorists like Goldstein? Now matter how pathetic they sound, don’t dare show pity for the jew, they have none for you or the people they murder for these festive events.

Purim snacks include hamantashen or Haman's Ears, treats fashioned to look like human body parts, which are often made with dried human blood. You still want these pathetic creatures hanging around your country?

How many other cultures can you really find evidence of people celebrating genocide and terrorism, besides the jews? The answer is none, but this is a real life example of jewish mass murder on purim, and jew celebrating said murders. One couldn’t ask for a better illustration, but the world could certainly ask to do without jews, so that we wouldn’t have to experience these murders to begin with.

The jews send gifts of food to each other, but what kind of food? You will find it interesting to note that on purim, jews celebrate by sharing a special treat called Hamantashen. This name is purposely distorted by jews, because in Yiddish it means “Haman’s pockets”, but it turns out there is another term for this treat that espouses a more truthful definition of this so-called “treat”. The treat is actually called “Oznei Haman” in hebrew, meaning “Haman’s ears”. Check it out here.

That’s right, on purim jews celebrate by giving each other gift baskets containing a “treat” that is meant to represent human body parts, while celebrating the murder of 75,000 of their enemies. Is the picture starting to become clear yet? Well, if you believe the jew at the New Yorker, this website is merely anti-semitic and therefore shouldn’t even be read at all! You’re lucky you made it this far! Here is even more tasty snacks to tease jews with an appetite for human flesh:

Purim foods don’t end with just cookies. Kaveyos di Haman, meaning “Haman’s hair,” is a noodle dish tossed with a lemon sauce. And Keylitsh is an oversized challah made to represent the ropes that killed Haman.

Purim merely seems to fulfill the need jews have for fantasies of genocide and rivers of blood. The jews enjoy slaying their enemies by the thousands, and they have even far surpassed this by slaughtering millions upon millions of people in real life. The jews also know that most of you do not know about any of this, and it’s jews like the one at the New Yorker who work tirelessly to make sure that you never do.

Now that we’ve determined how vile the premise behind purim is, you might rightly wish to ask, how important is this murderous feast to the jews? Well, it turns out that it’s important enough for jews to forfeit a playoff game for their yeshiva high school girl’s basketball team, as evidenced here. These next generation jewish racists first tried to have the game rescheduled, so that they wouldn’t have to miss their celebration of murdering “goyim” or their playoff game.

Look at the smirks on the faces of these jewesses as they shake the hands of their bewildered non-jewish (goyim) opponents. It's as if their faces are saying, "we will feast on your blood rather than play games with you, silly goy".

These supremacist little beasts wanted the whole playoff schedule altered to suit their genocidal festival. When that didn’t work as planned, these murderous little demons decided it best not to play, with the excuse that they will be fasting before they celebrate genocide of the human cattle (goyim), meaning they wouldn’t be able to have water during their game play. To these jews, it’s far more important to party it up to rivers of blood and sacrifice, than it is to play a ball game with the cattle used for slaughter.

The article states, “the school did make an attempt to play”, but only if the “goyim”, ignorant of their genocidal feast, would change the whole damn schedule to suit the supremacist jews. In the end, the little jewesses showed up on the basketball court to forfeit their game, so that they may not forfeit their putrid holiday of hate and murder against non-jews.

There is no doubt, the little girls who shook their hands on the court that day, had no idea what the real reason was that these ghouls wouldn’t play. In fact, they probably thought it was a godly religious devotion that kept these beasts from dribbling basketballs with them, but that couldn’t be further from the truth. The dribbling of human blood down their disgusting faces is far more important to these jewesses. This truth is such a polar opposite that the brainwashed children from the public schools would gasp at the sound of it, and cover their ears as if hearing it alone could make their ears bleed.

Yes indeed, because on purim, not only do jews celebrate genocide and murder, but as demonstrated with Baruch Goldstein, they often engage in mass murder and ritual murder of non-jews for purim. Many don’t realize that the invasion of Iraq in 2003 was interestingly announced by George Bush during purim that year. You can see here his speech was given during purim 2003 (March 18-19).

The announcement of the invasion of Iraq and the bombing of Saddam's palace were timed to coincide with the purim holiday of 2003. Is this bloody enough to appease whatever demon jews sacrifice humans to?

Subsequently, over 1 million Iraqis have been murdered and mutilated by depleted uranium, apache gunships, M1 Abrams tanks, and thousands of US Soldiers. Many thousands of these Soldiers have also lost their lives, carrying out the purim initiated war against the Middle East, which has now spread from Iraq and Afghanistan to Pakistan, Yemen, and beyond.

You can even look here on wikipedia and see that the invasion was “preceded by an air strike on the Iraqi Presidential Palace on 19 March 2003”, making sure their attacks would coincide with their murderous purim holiday.

Now that we’ve established purim as a genocide festival, let’s take a look at another interesting, and much more important aspect that goes along with purim, ritual murder. It seems the jews have a thing for slicing and dicing humans, drying their blood, and eating it in some of the snacks mentioned above, shaped like human body parts.

At first that might sound silly, until you realize that almost every country that exiled the jews, counted ritual murder of non-jews among the many reasons for doing so. After eighty four countries go through this, you don’t want to sound ridiculous trying to write it off as “vicious libel”, but the vicious barbaric jew has no problem using the media to write it all off as mere slander.

Many people have herd the term “blood libel”, and I assure you, this is not merely an anti-semitic slander. This is something that has been thoroughly documented throughout history. In fact, it seems all throughout history are cases of ritual murder associated with purim. Have a look at what Arnold Leese said in his book on jewish ritual murder here.

This feast is often celebrated by an exhibition of gluttony, intoxication, and curses on the memory of Haman and even to this day in London, the Jewish bakers make cakes in the shape of human ears which are eaten by the Jews on this day, and are called “Haman’s Ears,” revealing once again the inherent hate and barbarism of the Jew in our midst. The two principal feast-days associated with Ritual Murder have been (1) Purim, and (2) Passover, the latter at Easter and the former about one month before it. When a Ritual Murder occurred at Purim, it was usually that of an adult Christian who was murdered for his blood it is said that the blood was dried and the powder mixed into triangular cakes for eating it is possible that the dried blood of a Purim murder might sometimes be used for the following Passover. When a Ritual Murder was done at Passover, it was usually that of a child under seven years old, as perfect a specimen as possible, who was not only bled white, but crucified, sometimes circumcised and crowned with thorns, tortured, beaten, stabbed, and sometimes finished off by wounding in the side in imitation of the murder of Christ. The blood taken from the child was mixed either in the powdered state or otherwise into the Passover bread. Another festival at which it is thought that Ritual Murder has sometimes been indulged in is Chanucah, which occurs in December, commemorating the recovery of Jerusalem under the Maccabees in B.C. 165. Examples of Purim murders are those of Damascus, Rhodes, Xanten Polna, Gladbeck and Paderborn.

Isn't it lovely how jews poke babies full of holes, and drain their blood into a basin, and all that to celebrate the murder of 75,000 non-jews! Purim is a wonderful festival of hatered, racism, and genocid!

It can easily be seen that people have been talking about jewish ritual murder for centuries. This is but one example. There are literally hundreds of sources of information on known cases of jewish ritual murder all around the globe. Leese’s book covers a large number of ritual murders of a long period of time.

In the book, Leese even gets it right by attributing this to a racial issue, but seems to muddy the water about what jews are as a race, confusing things with the khazar theory among others. That aside, at least he keeps the issue focused on the jewish race (however he defines it) while laying out tons of undeniable evidence for jewish ritual murder, and the book is a valuable reference none the less.

There are other authors covering this topic as well, some of which you can see mentioned here where the ritual murders in Damascus, and many others are covered in fairly good detail. Here is a glimpse of just how many cases there really are to investigate. However, I implore you to do more research on your own if you feel you must. This subject is so far stranger than fiction, you couldn’t make it up if you tried.

1750s–Algeria: bribe money was used to quash the facts. 1791–Pera (Constantinople): Helmut Schramm records the ritual murder of a young Greek child. 1810–Aleppo, Syria: murder of a woman at Easter/Purim time. 1812–Isle Of Corfu: three Jews were convicted in the murder of three children. Monniot in Le Crime Rituel Chez Les Juifs says the records were kept in the official archives of the island. 1821–Beirut, Lebanon: an adult Christian male was the victim. 1824–Beirut: Fatallah Sayegh, a Muslim, was slain for ritual purposes. 1824–Schramm cites yet another child ritual murder case on Corfu. 1826-1827–Antioch: at Easter, two Christian boys were ceremonially slain. 1829–Hama, Syria: the Jews of Hama slew a Muslim girl, and subsequently were expelled from the city. 1834–Tripoli, Libya: a Christian Greek fell victim. 1838–Jerusalem: There was an attempt to murder a Muslim for ritual purposes. 1847–Lebanon: Jews were apprehended after murdering a Christian boy.[3] Nor were these the last cases to arise in Damascus, another occurring in 1890.[4]

The following two cases bear most directly on the Damascus murders.

1839–Beirut, Lebanon: Both Sir Richard Burton and Arnold Leese mention that inspectors detected a mysterious flask of blood while it passed through the Customs House in Beirut. Leese gives the details: “A Remittance of Blood. During the Damascus Ritual Murder trial, the French Consul, Comte de Ratti-Menton, by whose energy and determination the case was brought to light, received a letter from Comte de Suzannet, who wrote: ‘Nearly a year ago, a box arrived at the custom-house that a Jew came to claim on being asked to open it, he refused and offered first 100 Piastres, then 200, then 300, then 1,000 and at last 10,000 Piastres (2,500 Francs). The custom-house official persisted, and opened the box, discovering therein a bottle of blood. On asking the Jew for an explanation, the latter said that they had the custom of preserving the blood of their Grand Rabbis or important men. He was allowed to go, and left for Jerusalem.’ Comte Ratti-Menton (also French Consul for Damascus) later looked for the chief of the custom-house, but found that he had died. His successor only vaguely recollected the affair but he confirmed that the box had several bottles of red liquid. The man who came to claim the shipment was Aaron Stambouli of Damascus, who had told him the substance was an efficacious drug.” The quick death of the chief custom-house officer is not surprising witnesses to the crimes of Israel are subject to a sudden demise. But the reader will perhaps be more interested by the fact that Aaron Stambouli was one of those found guilty in the Damascus murders the very next year.![5]

1840–Isle of Rhodes: This transpired at almost the same time as the better-known Damascus Affair. The circumstances are familiar: a small boy, missing, last seen going into a home in the Jewish Quarter. A public outrage and demand for action followed, and Ottoman Governor Yusuf Pasha ordered an investigation. As in Damascus, this was at the instigation of several European Consuls. From here on, the Rhodes Case is a mishmash of charges, counter-charges and allegations. The Alliance Israelite Universelles of France and other important Judaic organizations of the day, bribed the authorities, paralleling what happened in Damascus. In yet another parallel, Austria withdrew its call for an investigation and supported dismissal of all charges. Sir Moses Montefiore, Adolph Cremieux, and the Rothchild barons (financiers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire) were successful — the charges were dropped and the accused freed. The Greek Orthodox clergy and European consuls were left holding the bag, their honor impugned by involvement in a case with no results. And the victim and his killers? The case remained unsolved. No one else was ever accused.

1839-1840 were active years for the ritual murder cult. Jonathan Frankel displays a revealing map, showing cases that year not only in Damascus and Rhodes, but at four other locations as well: Constantinople and Smyrna in the Near East as well as Schwetz, Prussia, and Julich, Bavaria.[6] He also says: “Falling into this category, too, were the many criminal investigations and trials in which Jews were accused of ritual murder. Probably the best-known of such events in the period under discussion here was the Beiliss Trial held in Kiev in 1913. Among contemporaries, especially the Jews in the countries involved, though, the cases of Tisza-Eszlar in 1882 (in Hungary), of Xanten in 1891 (in Prussia), and of Polna in 1899 (in Bohemia) engendered hardly less tension. The Damascus affair of 1840, as already noted, caused an extraordinary sensation in its own time.”[7] As the reader will soon see, this is an understatement.

I don’t want to even begin to attempt covering the hundreds of cases of jewish ritual murder throughout history, or even just the ones pertaining to purim itself. I think it has been clearly demonstrated here that jews enjoy a festival of genocide, blood lust, ritual murder, drunkenness, and gluttony for what they call purim. Some might have seen the story of the girls who avoided playing during their purim as just an innocent religious observance, but knowing what purim really means gives the entire thing a new twist. Again, jews aren’t a religion anyway, they are a twisted race of inbred neanderthal like beasts that feast on human flesh and blood.

Accounts of jewish ritual murder during purim are too many to list. The jews have been draining the blood of their conscious victims, slitting their throats to bleed them out, and making treats with human blood for millenium.

Passover is not long away, just about a month from now. Keep a close eye on your children, before they end up crucified, and drained of their blood while still conscious. Anyone defending jews and their behavior needs to know and understand jewish ritual murder of non-jews. This behavior is beyond unacceptable, it’s so filthy fucking disgusting, that people should immediately want all of their lands rid of the jew.

Haman tried to facilitate just such a thing, by ridding Persia of jews in the fable of Esther, the infiltrating subversive seductress jewess who’s slimy, slutty tactics still give her people reason to rejoice today. Much like the tales of little jew girls escaping death camps to grow up with a pack of wolves, or shrunken jew heads and jew skin lampshades, this too is a fable, but is still none the less used as a way for jews to revel in blood sacrifice, ritual murder, and genocide against all non-jews.

People need to stop thinking of jews as humans with a conscience like themselves. Do these sound like the kind of people you want running your courts, governments, banking system, corporations, media, etc? Do you think these blood thirsty beasts should be allowed quarter amongst our people, so that they might dine on the flesh of our children? How many jews are a safe number to keep around in light of the facts? If you have human compassion, a human conscience, and even one iota of common sense, your natural response will be “not a single fucking one”.


A Purim Lesson: Lobbying Against Genocide, Then and Now

The holiday of Purim celebrates the successful effort by prominent Jews in the capitol of ancient Persia to prevent genocide against the Jewish people. What is not well known is that a comparable lobbying effort took place in modern times–in Washington, D.C., at the peak of the Holocaust.

In late 1942, the Roosevelt administration publicly confirmed that Hitler had embarked on a campaign to murder all of Europe’s Jews, and that at least two million were already dead. But FDR was not prepared to go beyond a verbal denunciation of the genocide. He did not want to upset the British by pressing them to open Palestine to refugees. He would not even permit immigration to the U.S. to the full extent of the existing quotas. The quotas from Axis-controlled countries were 90% unfilled during the period from late 1941 through early 1945�,000 quota places that could have saved lives were left unused. The man whom FDR had hand-picked to handle refugee matters, Breckinridge Long, instructed U.S. consular officials abroad to “postpone and postpone and postpone the granting of the visas.”

In ancient Persia, a Jewish activist named Mordechai responded to Haman’s genocide decree by staging a protest demonstration. Donning sackcloth and ashes, he “went out into the midst of [the capitol city, Shushan] and cried loudly and bitterly.” (Esther 4:1) He then marched right up to “the front of the King’s gate” –not exactly the sort of polite behavior in which Persian Jews normally engaged.

In the United States during the Holocaust, there was a Mordechai of sorts: a young Zionist emissary from Jerusalem, Peter Bergson (real name: Hillel Kook) led a series of protest campaigns to bring about U.S. rescue of Jews from Hitler. The Bergson group’s newspaper ads and public rallies roused public awareness of the Holocaust–particularly when it organized over 400 rabbis to march to the front gate of the White House just before Yom Kippur in 1943.

But protests from the outside were not sufficient, by themselves, to change the policies of either President Roosevelt or King Ahashverosh. An insider was needed as well.

In Persia, there was one Jew with access to the King. Esther, Mordechai’s adopted daughter, had been chosen to become the king’s wife. Keeping her Jewish identity a secret, Esther found herself elevated to First Lady of Persia precisely at the moment that her people needed her most. But her first reaction was one of caution– “greatly distressed” by the spectacle of Mordechai’s boisterous protest, she tried to persuade him to remove the sackcloth. When Mordechai urged her to go to the king and plead for revocation of the genocide decree, Esther hesitated, pointing out that to go without being summoned would violate the palace rules and possibly result in her execution.

The Esther in 1940s Washington was Henry Morgenthau, Jr., a wealthy, assimilated Jew of German descent who (as his son later put it) was anxious to be regarded as a “one hundred percent American.” Downplaying his Jewishness, Morgenthau gradually rose from being FDR’s friend and adviser to his Treasury Secretary. In late 1943, just as the Bergson activist campaign was reaching its peak, several of Morgenthau’s senior aides discovered that State Department officials had been secretly obstructing rescue opportunities and blocking transmission of Holocaust-related information to the U.S. The State Department did not want them to be rescued, because that would increase pressure on the Allies to give them shelter.

Although his aides urged Morgenthau to take the matter directly to the president, he hesitated, hoping that polite appeals to the Secretary of State might suffice to change U.S. policy toward Europe’s Jews. Mordechai’s pressure finally convinced Esther to go to the king the pressure of Morgenthau’s aides finally convinced him to go to the president, armed with a stinging 18-page report that they titled “Report to the Secretary on the Acquiescence of This Government in the Murder of the Jews.”

Esther’s lobbying succeeded. Ahashverosh canceled the genocide decree and executed Haman and his henchmen. Morgenthau’s lobbying also succeeded. A Bergson-initiated Congressional resolution calling for U.S. rescue action quickly passed the Senate Foreign Relations Committee–enabling Morgenthau to tell FDR that “you have either got to move very fast, or the Congress of the United States will do it for you.” Ten months before election day, the last thing FDR wanted was an embarrassing public scandal over the refugee issue. Within days, Roosevelt did what the Congressional resolution sought–he issued an executive order creating the War Refugee Board, a U.S. government agency to rescue refugees from Hitler.

Here, unfortunately, is where the parallels end. While Esther triumphed before Haman could harm her people, Morgenthau’s intervention came very late, after millions of Jews had been murdered. Still, there is no gainsaying the fact that the War Refugee Board played a key role in the rescue of some 200,000 Jews and 20,000 non-Jews, in part by facilitating and financing the life-saving work of Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg in Budapest. The claim that nothing could be done to help Europe’s Jews had been demolished by Jews who shook off their fears and spoke up for their people–in ancient Persia and in modern Washington.

WYMAN INSTITUTE AND SMITHSONIAN COLLABORATE ON HISTORY PROJECTS

As part of a new collaborative relationship, Wyman Institute director Rafael Medoff was recently invited to take part in an event at the Smithsonian Institution commemorating the 75th anniversary of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s order authorizing the mass internment of Japanese-Americans.

Wyman Comic Wins Silver Medal

Karski's Mission , which was authored by Wyman Institute director Rafael Medoff and illustrated by renowned comic book artist Dean Motter, was awarded the Silver Medal in the category of "Graphic Novel/Drawn Book – Drama/Documentary category."

Karski's Mission is based on the true story of Jan Karski (1914-2000), a Polish Catholic and member of the Polish Underground during World War II, who risked his life to bring Allied leaders his eyewitness account of the ongoing slaughter of the Jews in Nazi-occupied Poland.

Karski's Mission , which was co-published by the Wyman Institute and the Jan Karski Educational Foundation, received additional support from Fundacja Edukacyjna Jana Karskiego, the Association of Friends of the Polish History Museum, Sigmund A. Rolat (chairman of the Wyman Institute's board of directors), Carole Bilina, and John McLees. With assistance from the Polish Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, a Polish-language edition of Karski's Mission is now being used widely in schools in Poland.


Contents

Normative Judaism is not pacifist and violence is condoned in the service of self-defence. [7] J. Patout Burns asserts that Jewish tradition clearly posits the principle of minimization of violence. This principle can be stated as "(wherever) Jewish law allows violence to keep an evil from occurring, it mandates that the minimal amount of violence be used to accomplish one's goal." [8] [9]

Nonviolence Edit

Judaism's religious texts endorse compassion and peace, and the Hebrew Bible contains the well-known commandment to "love thy neighbor as thyself". [2] According to the 1937 Columbus Platform of Reform Judaism, "Judaism, from the days of the prophets, has proclaimed to mankind the ideal of universal peace, striving for spiritual and physical disarmament of all nations. Judaism rejects violence and relies upon moral education, love and sympathy." [6]

The philosophy of nonviolence has roots in Judaism, going back to the Jerusalem Talmud of the middle 3rd century. While absolute nonviolence is not a requirement of Judaism, the religion so sharply restricts the use of violence, that nonviolence often becomes the only way to fulfilling a life of truth, justice and peace, which Judaism considers to be the three tools for the preservation of the world. [10] : 242

The biblical narrative about the conquest of Canaan, and the commands related to it, have had a deep influence on Western culture. [11] Mainstream Jewish traditions throughout history have treated these texts as purely historical or highly conditioned, and in any event not relevant to later times. [12]

The Second Temple period experienced a surge in militarism and violence aimed at curbing the encroachment of Greco-Roman and Hellenistic Jewish influence in Judea. Groups such as the Maccabees [13] the Zealots, the Sicarii at the Siege of Masada, [14] and later the Bar Kochba revolt, all derived their power from the biblical narrative of Hebrew conquest and hegemony over the Land of Israel, sometimes garnering support of the rabbis, [15] and at other times their ambivalence. [16]

In Modern times, warfare conducted by the State of Israel is governed by Israeli law and regulation, which includes a purity of arms code that is based in part on Jewish tradition the 1992 IDF Code of Conduct combines international law, Israeli law, Jewish heritage and the IDF's own traditional ethical code. [17] However, tension between actions of the Israeli government on the one hand, and Jewish traditions and halakha on the conduct of war on the other, have caused controversy within Israel and have provided a basis for criticisms of Israel. [18] Some strains of radical Zionism promote aggressive war and justify them with biblical texts. [19] [20]

Forced conversions occurred under the Hasmonean kingdom. The Idumaens were forced to convert to Judaism, either by threats of exile, or threats of death, depending on the source. [21] [22]

In Eusebíus, Christianity, and Judaism Harold W. Attridge claims that “there is reason to think that Josephus’ account of their conversion is substantially accurate.” He also writes, "That these were not isolated instances but that forced conversion was a national policy is clear from the fact that Alexander Jannaeus (c. 80 BCE) demolished the city of Pella in Moab, 'because the inhabitants would not agree to adopt the national custom of the Jews. ' " Josephus, Antiquities. 13.15.4. [23]

Maurice Sartre has written of the "policy of forced Judaization adopted by Hyrcanos, Aristobulus I and Jannaeus", who offered "the conquered peoples a choice between expulsion or conversion". [24]

William Horbury has written that "The evidence is best explained by postulating that an existing small Jewish population in Lower Galilee was massively expanded by the forced conversion in c. 104 BCE of their Gentile neighbours in the north." [25]

Kingdom of Himyar Edit

After the conversion of the kingdom of Himyar in the late 4th century to Judaism, [26] two episodes of "coercion and brutality" by Himyar Jewish kings took place during the fifth and early sixth centuries. [27] Thirty-nine Christians were martyred in the third quarter of the fifth century, [27] and a massacre of Christians took place in 523. [27] The Yemeni Jewish Himyar tribe, led by King Dhu Nuwashad, offered Christian residents of a village in Saudi Arabia the choice between conversion to Judaism or death, and 20,000 Christians were massacred. [28] Inscriptions show the great pride he expressed after massacring more than 22,000 Christians in Zafar and Najran. [29]

Eye for an eye Edit

While the principle of lex talionis ("an eye for an eye") is clearly echoed in the Bible, in Judaism it is not literally applied, and was interpreted to provide a basis for financial compensation for injuries. [30] [31] Pasachoff and Littman point to the reinterpretation of the lex talionis as an example of the ability of Pharisaic Judaism to "adapt to changing social and intellectual ideas." [32] Stephen Wylen asserts that the lex talionis is "proof of the unique value of each individual" and that it teaches "equality of all human beings for law." [33]

Capital and corporal punishment Edit

While the Bible and the Talmud specify many violent punishments, including death by stoning, decapitation, burning, and strangulation for some crimes, [34] these punishments were substantially modified during the rabbinic era, primarily by adding additional requirements for conviction. [35] The Mishnah states that a sanhedrin that executes one person in seven years – or seventy years, according to Eleazar ben Azariah – is considered bloodthirsty. [36] [37] During the Late Antiquity, the tendency of not applying the death penalty at all became predominant in Jewish courts. [38] According to Talmudic law, the competence to apply capital punishment ceased with the destruction of the Second Temple. [39] In practice, where medieval Jewish courts had the power to pass and execute death sentences, they continued to do so for particularly grave offenses, although not necessarily the ones defined by the law. [39] Although it was recognized that the use of capital punishment in the post-Second Temple era went beyond the biblical warrant, the Rabbis who supported it believed that it could be justified by other considerations of Jewish law. [40] [41] Whether Jewish communities ever practiced capital punishment according to rabbinical law and whether the Rabbis of the Talmudic era ever supported its use even in theory has been a subject of historical and ideological debate. [42] The 12th-century Jewish legal scholar Maimonides stated that "It is better and more satisfactory to acquit a thousand guilty persons than to put a single innocent one to death." [35] The position of Jewish Law on capital punishment often formed the basis of deliberations by Israel's Supreme Court. It has been carried out by Israel's judicial system only once, in the case of Adolf Eichmann. [41]

The Book of Esther, one of the books of the Jewish Bible, is a story of palace intrigue centered on a plot to kill all Jews which was thwarted by Esther, a Jewish queen of Persia. Instead of being victims, the Jews killed "all the people who wanted to kill them." [43] The king gave the Jews the ability to defend themselves against their enemies who tried to kill them, [44] numbering 75,000 (Esther 9:16) including Haman, an Amalekite that led the plot to kill the Jews. The annual Purim festival celebrates this event, and includes the recitation of the biblical instruction to "blot out the remembrance [or name] of Amalek". Scholars – including Ian Lustick, Marc Gopin, and Steven Bayme – state that the violence described in the Book of Esther has inspired and incited violent acts and violent attitudes in the post-biblical era, continuing into modern times, often centered on the festival of Purim. [4] : 2–19, 107–146, 187–212, 213–247 [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54]

Other scholars, including Jerome Auerbach, state that evidence for Jewish violence on Purim through the centuries is "exceedingly meager", including occasional episodes of stone throwing, the spilling of rancid oil on a Jewish convert, and a total of three recorded Purim deaths inflicted by Jews in a span of more than 1,000 years. [55] In a review of historian Elliot Horowitz's book Reckless rites: Purim and the legacy of Jewish violence, Hillel Halkin pointed out that the incidences of Jewish violence against non-Jews through the centuries are extraordinarily few in number and that the connection between them and Purim is tenuous. [56]

Rabbi Arthur Waskow and historian Elliot Horowitz state that Baruch Goldstein, perpetrator of the Cave of the Patriarchs massacre, may have been motivated by the Book of Esther, because the massacre was carried out on the day of Purim [4] : 4, 11, 315 [57] [58] [59] [60] but other scholars point out that the association with Purim is circumstantial because Goldstein never explicitly made such a connection. [61]

Radical Zionists and settlers Edit

The motives for violence by extremist Jewish settlers in the West Bank directed at Palestinians are complex and varied. While religious motivations have been documented, [62] [63] [64] [65] the use of non-defensive violence is outside of mainstream Judaism and mainstream Zionism. [66] [67] [68] [69]

Abraham Isaac Kook (1865–1935), the Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Mandate Palestine, urged that Jewish settlement of the land should proceed by peaceful means only. [70] Contemporary settler movements follow Kook’s son Tzvi Yehuda Kook (1891–1982), who also did not advocate aggressive conquest. [70] Critics claim that Gush Emunim and followers of Tzvi Yehuda Kook advocate violence based on Judaism's religious precepts. [71] Ian Lustick, Benny Morris, and Nur Masalha assert that radical Zionist leaders relied on religious doctrines for justification for the violent treatment of Arabs in Palestine, citing examples where pre-state Jewish militia used verses from the Bible to justify their violent acts, which included expulsions and massacres such as the one at Deir Yassin. [72]

After Baruch Goldstein carried out the Cave of the Patriarchs massacre in 1994, his actions were widely interpreted to be based on the radical Zionist ideology of the Kach movement, and were condemned as such by mainstream religious and secular Jews and praised as such by radical Zionists. [4] : 6–11 [73] [74] [75] [76] Dov Lior, Chief Rabbi of Hebron and Kiryat Arba in the southern West Bank and head of the "Council of Rabbis of Judea and Samaria" has made speeches legitimizing the killing of non-Jews and praising Goldstein as a saint and martyr. Lior also said "a thousand non-Jewish lives are not worth a Jew's fingernail". [77] [78] Lior publicly gave permission to spill blood of Arab persons and has publicly supported extreme right-wing Jewish terrorists. [79]

In July 2010, Yitzhak Shapira who heads Dorshei Yihudcha yeshiva in the West Bank settlement of Yitzhar, was arrested by Israeli police for writing a book that encourages the killing of non-Jews. In his book "The King's Torah" (Torat HaMelech) he wrote that under Torah and Jewish Law it is legal to kill Gentiles and even in some cases to kill the babies of enemies. [80] [81] Later in August 2010 police arrested rabbi Yosef Elitzur-Hershkowitz – co-author of Shapira's book – on the grounds of incitement to racial violence, possession of a racist text, and possession of material that incites to violence. While the book has been endorsed by radical Zionist leaders including Dov Lior [62] and Yaakov Yosef [82] it has been widely condemned by mainstream secular and religious Jews. [62]

Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin Edit

The assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin by Yigal Amir was motivated by Amir’s personal political views and his understanding of Judaism's religious law of moiser (the duty to eliminate a Jew who intends to turn another Jew in to non-Jewish authorities, thus putting a Jew's life in danger [83] ) and rodef (a bystander can kill a one who is pursuing another to murder him or her if he cannot otherwise be stopped). [5] : 91 Amir’s interpretation has been described as "a gross distortion of Jewish law and tradition" [84] and the mainstream Jewish view is that Rabin's assassin had no Halakhic basis to shoot Prime Minister Rabin. [9]

Extremist organizations Edit

In the course of history there have been some organizations and individuals that endorsed or advocated violence based on their interpretation to Jewish religious principles. Such instances of violence are considered by mainstream Judaism to be extremist aberrations, and not representative of the tenets of Judaism. [85] [86]

    (defunct) and Kahane Chai[87][88][89] (defunct): formed by members of Gush Emunim. [90] (defunct): an organisation operating in Israel from 1950 to 1953 with the objective of imposing Jewish religious law in the country and establishing a Halakhic state. [91]
  • The Jewish Defense League (JDL): founded in 1969 by Rabbi Meir Kahane in New York City, with the declared purpose of protecting Jews from harassment and antisemitism. [92]FBI statistics show that, from 1980 to 1985, 15 terrorist attacks were attempted in the U.S. by members of the JDL. [93] The FBI’s Mary Doran described the JDL in 2004 Congressional testimony as "a proscribed terrorist group". [94] The National Consortium for the Study of Terror and Responses to Terrorism states that, during the JDL's first two decades of activity, it was an "active terrorist organization". [92][95]Kahanist groups are banned in Israel. [96][97][98]

Views on violence against Islam Edit

While Judaism contains commandments to exterminate idol worship, according to all rabbinic authorities, Islam contains no trace of idolatry. [99] Rabbi Hayim David HaLevi stated that in modern times no one matches the biblical definition of an idolater, and therefore ruled that Jews in Israel have a moral responsibility to treat all citizens with the highest standards of humanity. [99]

Following an arson incident in 2010, in which a mosque in Yasuf village was desecrated, apparently by settlers from the nearby Gush Etzion settlement bloc, [99] [100] [101] the Chief Ashkenazi Rabbi Yona Metzger condemned the attack and equated the arson to Kristallnacht, he said: "This is how the Holocaust began, the tragedy of the Jewish people of Europe." [102] Rabbi Menachem Froman, a well-known peace activist, visited the mosque and replaced the burnt Koran with new copies. [103] The rabbi stated: "This visit is to say that although there are people who oppose peace, he who opposes peace is opposed to God" and "Jewish law also prohibits damaging a holy place." He also remarked that arson in a mosque is an attempt to sow hatred between Jews and Arabs. [102] [104]

Some critics of religion such as Jack Nelson-Pallmeyer argue that all monotheistic religions are inherently violent. For example, Nelson-Pallmeyer writes that "Judaism, Christianity and Islam will continue to contribute to the destruction of the world until and unless each challenges violence in 'sacred texts' and until each affirms nonviolent, including the nonviolent power of God." [105]

Bruce Feiler writes of ancient history that "Jews and Christians who smugly console themselves that Islam is the only violent religion are willfully ignoring their past. Nowhere is the struggle between faith and violence described more vividly, and with more stomach-turning details of ruthlessness, than in the Hebrew Bible". [106] Similarly, Burggraeve and Vervenne describe the Old Testament as full of violence and evidence of both a violent society and a violent god. They write that, "[i]n numerous Old Testament texts the power and glory of Israel's God is described in the language of violence." They assert that more than one thousand passages refer to YHWH as acting violently or supporting the violence of humans and that more than one hundred passages involve divine commands to kill humans. [107]

Supersessionist Christian churches and theologians argue that Judaism is a violent religion and the god of Israel is a violent god, while Christianity is a religion of peace and that the god of Christianity is one that expresses only love. [108] While this view has been common throughout the history of Christianity and remains a common assumption among Christians, it has been rejected by mainstream Christian theologians and denominations since the Holocaust. [109] : 1–5

  1. ^ ab Fighting the War and the Peace: Battlefield Ethics, Peace Talks, Treaties, and Pacifism in the Jewish Tradition. Michael J. Broyde, 1998, p. 1
  2. ^ ab *Reuven Firestone (2004), "Judaism on Violence and Reconciliation: An examination of key sources" in Beyond violence: religious sources of social transformation in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, Fordham Univ Press, 2004, pp. 77, 81.
    • Goldsmith (Ed.), Emanuel S. (1991). Dynamic Judaism: the essential writings of Mordecai M. Kaplan. Fordham Univ Press. p. 181. ISBN0823213102 . CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
    • Spero, Shubert (1983). Morality, halakha, and the Jewish tradition. KTAV Publishing House, Inc. pp. 137–318. ISBN0870687271 .
  3. ^ Carl. S. Ehrlich (1999) "Joshua, Judaism, and Genocide", in Jewish Studies at the Turn of the Twentieth Century, Judit Targarona Borrás, Ángel Sáenz-Badillos (Eds). 1999, Brill.
  4. ^ abcd
  5. Horowitz, Elliott S. (2006). Reckless rites: Purim and the legacy of Jewish violence. Princeton University Press. ISBN0691124914 .
  6. ^ ab
  7. Stern, Jessica (2004). Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill, Jessica Stern. HarperCollins. ISBN0-06-050533-8 .
  8. ^ ab The Columbus Platform: The Guiding Principles of Reform Judaism, 1937
  9. ^
  10. "The Co-existence of Violence and Non-Violence in Judaism" . Retrieved 2010-12-09 .
  11. ^
  12. Burns, J. Patout (1996). War and its discontents: pacifism and quietism in the Abrahamic traditions. Georgetown University Press. p. 18.
  13. ^ abHalacha File: The Halacha of Rodef and the Rabin Shooting. Koltorah.org (2004-11-20). Retrieved on 2010-10-27.
  14. ^ Sandra L. Bloom, Michael Reichert, Bearing witness: violence and collective responsibility. Routledge, 1998. 978-0789004789
  15. ^Lemche, Niels Peter, The Old Testament between theology and history: a critical survey, Westminster John Knox Press, 2008, pp. 315–316:"The [Biblical] story of the 'morally supreme people' that defeats and exterminates another, inferior, nation was part of the ideological baggage of European imperialists and colonizers throughout the nineteenth century. It was also carried by European Jews who. migrated to Palestine to inherit their ancestral country … In this modern version of the biblical narrative, the Palestinian population turned into 'Canaanites', supposed to be morally inferior to the Jews, and of course the Arabs were never considered their equals … The Bible was the instrument used to suppress the enemy".
  16. ^Greenberg, Moshe, "On the Political User of the Bible in Modern Israel: An Engaged Critique", in Pomegranates and golden bells: studies in biblical, Jewish, and Near Eastern ritual, law, and literature, Eisenbrauns, 1995, pp. 467–469:

No "national" commandment such as that of "conquest and settling the land" occurs in any of these [Judaic] summaries [of the Torah]… [arguments for applying herem to modern Israel] introduces a distinction that Scripture does not recognize nowhere are the obligations referred to in the summaries contingent on the achievement of the land-taking or the destruction of Israel's enemies. To suppose that they may be set aside or suspended for the accomplishment of national ends is a leap far beyond scripture. The [biblical] injunctions to take the land are embedded in narrative and give the appearance of being addressed to a specific generation, like the commandment to annihilate or expel the natives of Canaan, which refers specifically to the seven Canaanite nations. Now, had there been any inclination to generalize the law [of extermination], it would have been easy for the talmudic sages to [do so]. But in fact the sages left the ancient herem law as they found it: applying to seven extinct nations.

Sin has changed [since biblical times] crime has changed. We bring a different sensibility to our reading of the sacred texts of the past, even the Torah. There are passages in it which to our modern minds command crimes, the kind of crimes which our age would call "crimes against humanity". I think of the problematic section in the Mattot [Numbers 31] which contains the commandment to exact revenge against the Midianites by slaying every male and every female old enough to engage in sexual intercourse. I used to think that were they [Midianites] suddenly to appear, no Jew would be willing to carry out such a commandment. Then Baruch Goldstein appeared on the scene, and he was followed by Yigal Amir and now I am not sure. I find the commandment to commit genocide against the Midianite unacceptable. To accept the commandment to do the same to "the Hittites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Peruzzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites" seems to me to make permissible the Holocaust, the attempted genocide of the Jewish people.


More Comments:

Bob Loza - 11/25/2010

Mr. Bangs' comments from way back in '05 (which I just stumbled upon this Thanksgiving Day 2010) seem well presented and well said.
I have no idea what the "agenda" may be behind the author's words. A call for unemotional debate or discussion of the "facts" seems to cover it, however. I have always been skeptical of the glorious rhetoric so often heard in praise of the Puritans (or Friends, or whatever they called themselves), because I have never felt we as a nation needed to do so. The holiday itself was instituted in the latter 1800's, or so I have read, and as a union of states who had survived all manner of discordant events - some of them self-inflicted - it made sense then, as it does today, to set aside a day to ponder our history and fortunes, and then sit down to stuff ourselves. I would personally prefer it if we didn't have to keep bringing up these ornery malcontents who landed here to establish their own exclusive (literally) society, and ascribe all manner of noble and self-determining motives to them, but that's the history of own history, and in the end, most of us try to just have a day together and get along as best we can.

I mean, what does buying a mattress or watching The Saints on TV have to do with Thanksgiving anyway?

The good news is that I am free to read and absorb all the truth available and conclude, in the end, that one single story or POV doesn't quite cover everything. Maybe we should have a few American Natives join us for dinner every year, and hey, that's not a bad idea. But today I'll just chill and enjoy the dinner my wife's cooking downstairs. It'll be great. Cheers to us all.

Steven A. Gold - 11/27/2009

Revealing the grand narrative of colonialism appears to sting those who make their living supporting it.

The article headline is not supported in the analysis. Not many of the 'debunkers' he's talking about, say that the colonial force that massacred approx. 700 men, women and children of the Pequot Nation was from one specific particular colony. The gloating Governor proclaiming an annual day of celebration and thanksgiving for an act of genocide was from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Myself and many people indigenous to Turtle Island really do not care about the European squabling about secular/non-secular, pilgrim/puritan/protestant or any other biblical reference inaccuracy. That fact that genocide was justified and encouraged by Euro-christians is enough. The majority of Bangs clarifications are simply designating the difference between the SS and the Gestapo, to use a more recent genocide as reference.

And, Bangs seems to think that by disproving claims of 'initial' grave robbing by pilgrims, he is disproving the introduction of sexism, racism, homophobia, jails, social class system, and the murderous genocidal tendencies of early colonials. It doesn't.

I do agree with this wee bit of insight:
“To ask whether this is true is to ask the wrong question. It’s true to its purposes. … And that’s all it needs to be. For these holidays say much less about who we really were in some specific Then, than about who we want to be in an ever changing Now." "And that’s all it needs to be”? I disagree. I think that a historian approaching the question of Thanksgiving Day in the “ever changing Now” will need to ask “the wrong question” – what of all this is true?"

Truth is relative. Bangs' acculturation as a historian, classically trained in the European tradition means that he thinks he can discover the truth of the Then, if he is diligent enough. But what he will accept as truth will be different than someone else who may be trained differently and is just as dilligent.

re: 200 Internet websites that he surveyed on this topic:
"Almost all the corrections are themselves incorrect or banal. With heavy self-importance and pathetic political posturing, they demonstrate quite unsurprisingly that what was once taught in grade school lacked scope, subtlety, and minority insight."
1) I could find 10,000 Internet references by christians and muslims alike, that are likely incorrect. It's the Internet for heaven sake.
2) That he uses terms like "banal" and "pathetic" reveal his own self-importance and his position within a specific ideology.

What is taught today, not "once taught," in all formal education, not just grade school, on this topic, does "lack scope, subtlety, and minority insight." Now if this comes "unsurprisingly" to Bangs, then why does he banter about the differences between the colony's? Why doesn't he add some scope and minority insight into the myths being taught as history? Maybe add some stories that have previously failed to the meet the colonial project that continues to teach that the transplanted European civilization is the pinnacle of humanity. He knows it is not, but he choses to participate in the erasure of knowledge that doesn't fit the colonial project standard.

To call other perspectives as being "heavy with self-importance and pathetic political posturing" is an excellent grasp of the extremely obvious. He is only able to publish this on the Internet, because no academic publication would allow such an opinion piece that is ladden with his own "self-importance and pathetic political posturing." That is not calling the kettle black. It is what it is. What in the world did he expect to find by surveying 200 or more Internet sites? Truth? His truth is already revealed. My response supports the revelation of other peoples truths. Yup, it's a political project.

William D French - 11/26/2009

The article on the debunkers of Thanksgiving myths is completely wrong. The writer might have a Doctorate but his arguments are not based on fact (he gives very few in his piece) and we must remember he worked for THE organization that has purposefully spread lies about the history of Thanksgiving.

Sarah Tollen - 11/8/2009

What was done to the Jewish people in Germany was sick. But even the people who were guily of those crimes do not have a holiday to relish what they did year after year. Millions of native American killed. Millions of Africans killed. And we keep sugar coating what happened and lying to our children to carry on a very sick tradition based on death. We cant forget what happened to these people because history has a way of repeating itself. The children of America are raised on lies and denials
Many go their whole life believing in fairytales that the rest of the world find horrific. The truth will set us all free. Then and only then can we move forward as a whole nation and be respected throughout the world.

Steve Stockford - 11/3/2008

Nice job at trying to discredit A dead college professor who did the academic research needed to set the record straight. Had you done a little more research you would have discovered professor Newell was in fact well learned, and a faculty member at at several prestigious schools including U of Florida, U of Maine, U Penn, and U of Tampa. Newell was also a recognized expert in U.S. Indian relations, giving testimony to the U.S. congress in the early 1970's. I believe William Newell's accounting to be the most true and accurate accounting of the facts. Peraps before you try to discredit someone you shoud do a little more research.

Michael Roy Paulick - 11/8/2005

I agree with Dr. Bangs that there is a great assortment of nonsensical interpretations regarding the Pilgrim thanksgiving celebration of 1621. I believe it is useful to review the documentary sources from that time.
In 1614 John Robinson, the Pilgrim’s pastor and religious teacher, wrote that thanksgiving to God “for other good things [bestowed] upon themselves, and theirs . . . [was merely] a duty of the Christian person, or family. . .” Later, in the same essay, John Robinson wrote that Leiden Pilgrims must especially serve God with “fervent prayer, and hearty thanksgiving unto God, for his unspeakable goodness . . ..”
Thomas Wilson’s A Christian Dictionarie was first published in 1612 so it is possible that the Pilgrims read it in Leiden and carried it onboard the Mayflower in 1620.
Copies were found in the inventories of some of the Pilgrims and William Brewster had a copy in his library which may have served the community. Wilson’s dictionary offered a religious definition of thanksgiving that included “An acknowledgement and confessing, with gladnesse, of the benefits and deliverances of God . . . to the praise of his Name.” Wilson added Thanksgiving hath in it “Cheerfulnesse, being glad of an occasion to praise him, and doing it gladly, with joy.”
Research into what the Pilgrims themselves were taught and read can, perhaps, shed some light on their intentions. It is likely that they fulfilled their perceived Christian duty by offering thanksgiving and praise to God for their harvest. Many of them were probably glad, joyful, and cheerful to be able to survive on the fruits of their harvest.


Watch the video: Bible Mysteries Herod and the Bethlehem Massacre english documentary on BBC Part 1 (January 2022).