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Hawker Sea Fury FB 11

Hawker Sea Fury FB 11

Hawker Sea Fury FB 11

The Hawker Sea Fury FB.11 was the main production version of the Sea Fury, and was produced after it was decided to use the aircraft as a fighter-bomber rather than as an air superiority fighter.

The original Sea Fury Mk.X entered service in August 1947. In February 1948 it was followed into service by the Griffon powered Seafire 47, and the Fleet Air Arm decided to use this aircraft as its main air superiority fighter, while the Sea Fury would become a fighter bomber.

Trails with extra stores had already been carried out with the SR666 prototype, while Mk.X TF923 had carried out tests with smoke floats, rockets and 1,000lb bombs. It was thus quite simple for Hawker to swap to production of the FB.11, starting with the 51st aircraft on their production line, TF956. Eventually 565 FB.11s would be built for the Fleet Air Arm, delivered at a rate of about ten per month between 1948 and 1951.

The Sea Fury FB.11 was armed with the same four 20mm cannon as the Mk.X. It could carry two 500lb or 1,000lb bombs, twelve 3in rockets or four 180lb Triplex rockets under the wings, as well as two 45 or 90 gallon fuel drop tanks. Despite the increase in loaded weight performance was similar to that of the Mk.X.

The FB.11 entered service with No.802 Squadron in May 1948, and eventually served with Nos.801, 802, 803, 804, 805, 807 and 808 Squadrons. It saw service throughout the Korean War, but was withdrawn soon after the end of the war.

Engine: Bristol Centaurus XVIII
Power: 2,550hp
Crew: 1
Wing span: 38ft 4 ¾ in
Length: 37ft including tail hook, 34ft 8in without
Height: 15ft 10 ½ in
Empty Weight: 9,240lb
Loaded Weight: 12,500lb
Maximum Weight: 14,650lb
Max Speed: 460mph
Time to 30,000ft: 10.8 minutes
Service Ceiling: 35,800ft
Range: 700 miles with internal fuel, 1,040 miles with underwing drop tanks
Armament: Four 20mm Hispano Mk 5 cannon
Bomb-load: Two 500lb or 1,000lb bombs, twelve 3 inch rockets or four 180lb Triplex rockets


Hawker Sea Fury FB.11

The Hawker Fury was designed as a smaller and lighter version of the Hawker Tempest. The Sea Fury was the naval version, with folding wings and tail-hook . The Sea Fury FB.11 was a fighter-bomber capable of carrying bombs and rockets under its wings. Most of the 860 Sea Furys built went to the Royal Navy, including 60 Mk.20 two-seat trainer versions. The RCN’s 74 FB.11s were based on shore and on the aircraft carrier HMCS Magnificent. Sea Furys served with the RCN until they were retired in 1956.

The Sea Fury was one of the fastest piston-engine aircraft built as a result, some surplus Sea Furies were used successfully for open-class air racing. Others have been restored to original flying condition and are frequently seen at airshows both in Europe and North America.


History of Hawker Sea Fury FB.11 VR930

History obtained from the RNHF – Delivered to the Royal Navy at RNAS Culham in March 1948, VR930 from May to December 1948 on operational service with 802 Squadron aboard HMS Vengeance and at RNAS Eglinton. December 1948 to August 1953 VR930 was held at Aircraft Holding Units Anthorn, Abbotsinch, Sembawang and Fleetlands. She underwent a Category 4 repair at the Royal Naval Aircraft Yard Donibristle, returning to front-line service again with 801 Squadron. Between August 1953 and July 1954 she flew a further 284 hours with the squadron before going to RNAY Fleetlands for reconditioning. She was held in reserve at Anthorn and Lossiemouth before transferring to the Fleet Requirements Unit at Hurn (now Bournemouth Airport) in November 1959. With this unit she flew a further 828 hours, and when put up for disposal in January 1961 she had flown an absolute total of almost 1280 hours during her active service. In ‘retirement’ she spent several years at RAF Colerne, and periods at RNAS Yeovilton and Boscombe Down before joining the RNHF.

The work done on this Warbird is certainly a credit to the restoration team.


Hawker Sea Fury FB11 For Sale: “Airframe Very Complete, Under Restoration”

A 1950 Hawker Sea Fury FB11 has hit the market. The machine has been under restoration by Pacific Fighters of Idaho Falls, ID and the airframe is described as “very complete.” It is powered by a Wright R-3350-26W overhauled by N.A.S. Alameda.

Restoration work completed: R-3350 Engine Conversion Rear jump seat conversion – by Sanders Aircraft Technologies Fuselage restored Tailcone restored Wings – rebuild 90% completed Landing gear rebuilt F-102 Wheels and Brakes Gear doors – need reskinning Many parts are either new or overhauled to 0 time condition. History: Hawker Sea Fury WN. construction number 41H/656822 was built as a Mk II for the Royal Navy. Its service history in the Royal Navy isn’t known at this time. In the 1950’s it was part of the sale to Iraq and became one of the Baghdad Fury’s. This Sea Fury was recovered from the Iraqi dessert by Ed Jurist and David Tallichet in 1979.

The buyer can choose to have the Sea Fury completed by Pacific Fighters or move the project and complete at the shop of their choosing. It is currently available for $630,000. Click here to check out the complete listing.


Hawker Sea Fury

Warbirds in FS are a unique and challenging genre, blending the charm and idiosyncrasies of vintage aircraft with a generous (and potentially deadly) dose of power. Even though you can't "shoot stuff up" in FS, there's something very satisfying about completing a precision aerobatic routine in a prop driven missile. But before you think about that, simply learning how to land one without killing your virtual self will keep you busy for weeks.

One of the last and most powerful piston engined military aircraft was the Hawker Sea Fury. Descended from the wartime Typhoon and Tempest, the Sea Fury debuted in September 1946, too late to participate in WWII. Sea Furies did however fly in the Korean War and on the 9th of August 1952, Sea Fury pilot LT Carmichael of the Fleet Air arm was credited with downing a North Korean MiG 15.

But enough of the history lesson let's look at the FS version. Faithfully reproduced for Flight Simulator by Messrs David Hanvey and Paul Barry, this 19.5 Mb file is FS2004/FS2002/CFS2 compatible. It's available here. There's also an upgrade patch which addresses a couple of minor visual issues.

Included are two variations (with and sans drop tanks) and four liveries. There's WH588, a Royal Australian Navy FB11 from 124 squadron - which still exists as a warbird, Royal Canadian and Royal Netherlands Navy models and the ill-fated Fleet Air Arm VR930. The former Royal Navy aircraft originally served with 802 Squadron in 1948. VR930 was later restored and toured the air show circuit in the UK, but was written off in a tragic, fatal landing accident during May 2001.

The visual model is a true beauty to behold. It's staggeringly well finished, complete with dynamic shine and moving parts including working tail hook, folding wings and moving gill vents behind that giant Centaurus XV radial. The detail is incredible. Check out the hinges on the folding wings! The downside of the visual model is that it's a bit hard on frame rates. Whilst my mid-range AMD 2.5 handles it well, older systems may work hard to keep up.

Stepping into the "office", the basic 2D panel is acceptable, although it provides almost no forward view at all. A minor complaint is the lack of a master switch. War Emergency Power exists in the air file, but there's nothing to toggle it in FS2004. That said, it's easy enough to add MoparMikes' WEP switch and timer gauge. Better is the beautifully finished virtual cockpit with its simple, frame friendly gauges. Again, the level of detail is excellent. Slide open the canopy in VC view and you'll see the canopy handle spin as it moves.

The only omission from the package is sound. It's aliased to the default FS2002 Corsair, which doesn't exist on FS2004. But there are plenty of good radial sound packages out there. I used a CFS2 sound file from a Kawasaki. There is also now a separate sound package designed specifically for the Sea Fury. Contrail effects come with the package, but they're not up to the standard of the visual model.

Taxiing the Fury is best performed in virtual cockpit view. Ensure the tail wheel is unlocked and keep an eye on the edge of the taxiway. You can adjust the seat position using the backspace/enter and shift/ctrl keys or if you want, adjust it permanently in the aircraft.cfg. For those who find taxiing frustrating, an easy cheat is to use spot view. Don't go too fast or you'll end up ground looping the aircraft.

Line up on your favourite runway, check the compass for alignment and lock the tail wheel. Set one notch of flap, then ease open the throttle. The Centaurus bellows and this intimidating monster begins to sprint. The huge radial and 5 bladed prop generate a heap of torque so you'll need to keep a close eye on the runway edge to maintain a straight track. Do not use full power, as you simply won't be able to hold her on the concrete. 70% is adequate.

The tail unsticks at about 85 mph, revealing just how far off the centerline you are. Rotate gently at 112 mph and ease her off the tarmac. Retract gear and flaps immediately and slowly open the throttles. Increase pitch to maintain 130 mph and you're climbing like a rocket. Let's see a spam can do this! You'll need to be quick on the mixture to keep the radial humming.

In flight, the handling is very well balanced and the Fury seems extremely smooth and agile for such a heavy aircraft. This perception is enhanced by the VC's low impact on FPS. There's no autopilot but it's possible to trim the aircraft for near hands off flight, at least at moderate power. Any time that you engage full throttle, be prepared to counter the torque with aileron.

Landing is trickier than takeoff. It's best to select a high key approach and drop steeply to the runway on a light throttle. Maintain about 120 mph in circuit and 100 mph on final. (Don't get too slow as the ground will rise abruptly to smite thee). Transition to level flight a foot or two off the runway and ease the power off, taking into account the torque change. Gradually pull back to smoothly touch down at approximately 90 mph. On to the brakes and bring it to a stop as quickly as possible. The brakes aren't vicious, so it's unlikely to ground loop - provided you keep it in a straight line.

The flight dynamics are about as good as can be expected, given that the model is designed for three different sims. It's not as sophisticated as, say, RealAir FD's so you can't slip the aircraft but it will spin, provided that you hold full rudder. Aerobatics are terrific fun in the Fury.

Inspiration and basic layout of the Sea Fury came from the Focke Wulf FW190. The British were fortunate enough to examine one in detail after a Luftwaffe Pilot, Oberleutnant Arnim Faber, mistakenly landed his Fw 190A-3 fighter at RAF Pembrey in June, 1942.
I haven't tried landing on a carrier as they're few and far between in FS2004, so can't say whether it works with Abacus' "Flight Deck" arrestor cables. What I can recommend with this model is Active Camera, a payware add-on (freeware in FS2002) that greatly improves realism especially when you're writing your name in the sky.

Overall, the Sea Fury is a cracker gift which presents simmers with a very exciting new challenge. I'd give it 8.5 out of 10. That's better than some payware add-ons. David and Paul deserve a hearty thanks.

Download the Hawker Sea Fury FB11.
Download the patch.
Download the sound package.
Download all related Hawker Sea Fury aircraft.


Hawker Sea Fury FB 11 - History

Fawcett Aviation, Sydney-Bankstown, NSW, Sept. 23, 1963-1969.Open storage, 1963-1969. Sold to Lord Trefgarne, London, UK, but not collected Nov. 1963. To Ormond Haydon-Baillie, Vancouver, BC, Jan. 1969-1974. Shipped from Sydney to USA on USS Coral Sea, June 1970. Registered as CF-CHB.

Gear collapsed on landing, Reading, PA, June 14, 1971. Flew in camouflage as RAFWH589/ O-HB. Shipped from Vancouver to Southend,Nov. 23, 1973. To Ormond Haydon-Baillie, Southend, May 9, 1974-1978. Sold Spencer R. Flack, Elstree, 1979.

Crashed, Osnabruck, West Germany, June 24, 1979.

Angus McVitie, Cranfield, UK, acquired wreckage 1980. Craig Charleston, Colchester, UK,acquired wreckage 1990.

Sold to Lloyd A. Hamilton, Santa Rosa, CA, Oct. 1983-1999. Rebuilt and registered as N4434P. (Rebuilt as modified racer. Fitted with P&W R-4360 power plant. Complex composite rebuild from TF956, VX715 & WJ290 using parts from WH589. Assumed identity of WH589).

To Joe Clancy Aviation, Camarillo, CA, Apr. 24, 1997-2000.Registered as N985HW. To Bill Rodgers & Dale V. Stolzer/R&S Aero Displays, Everett-Paine Field, WA, July 19, 2000-2002.


CFB Cold Lake, Alberta, Canada 1972


Hawker Sea Fury FB 11 - History

Trumpeter + Hobbycraft + Cooper
Frankenfury in 1/48


Trumpeter's 1/48 scale Sea Fury FB.11 is available online from Squadron.com

Introduction

It might be argued that the Hawker Sea Fury was the ultimate piston engine fighter.

Too late to see service in the Second World War, the Sea Fury held its own six years later in the skies over Korea against jet-powered adversaries.

The Fury was a thin-winged development of the wartime Hawker Tempest, but by the time this high performance fighter took to the air in September 1944, the Royal Air Force had already recognised that the age of the jet fighter was dawning.

Even so, the Fleet Air Arm still needed a rugged and powerful fighter capable of carrier operations. In the twilight of the piston fighter era, the Sea Fury admirably filled this niche until the introduction of the jet-powered Sea Venom around 1954.

Trumpeter's 1/48 scale Sea Fury FB.11 in the Box

Trumpeter's 1/48 scale Sea Fury FB.11 comprises 92 parts in grey plastic and eight clear parts.

The kit is cleanly moulded with no obvious ejector pins or other imperfections on exterior surfaces,

Surface detail is by way of finely recessed panel lines and rows of crisply recessed rivets. The latter will not be to everyone's taste, especially on the Sea Fury's smooth, flush riveted airframe.

Dimensions of the kit are in agreement with most reference sources, but there are a number of detail accuracy issues.

The most prominent is the large cutout in the fuselage spine directly behind the cockpit. This is not present on the real Sea Fury - the spine should continue without any change to contour or depth right up to the rear cockpit bulkhead. The windscreen is not quite right either. The lower sides are heavily curved on the kit, whereas the real Sea Fury windscreen was almost straight.

The exhaust panels appear to be the correct height (Hobbycraft's are too short), and the hollowed out exhaust stacks are a nice touch but the "eyebrow" above and the lip below are exaggerated.

The forward cowl looks odd - the curve toward the spinner seems to start too early and the fuselage opening appears overly sharp giving the area a slightly pinched look. The spinner itself is too pointy, but Trumpeter did get the offset oval openings for the propeller blade right.

The cockpit is shallow. Detail in the front office is basic and bears only a passing resemblance to the real thing. This is especially true of the seat and the control column.

The wings are generally very good, with structurally detailed wheel wells. The outer wing panels are separate and may be depicted flat or folded. Wingtip navigation lights and landing lights are supplied as separate clear parts. Ailerons are also separate. This is very useful, as the ailerons were deflected outward when the wings were folded. The openings for the cannon in the wing leading edges are offset ovals as moulded. These should be reshaped to circular openings.

Ordnance includes two big ferry tanks and six rockets moulded to rails. The ferry tanks were rarely fitted - smaller 90 gallon drop tanks were more typical. The rockets are nicely detailed and fit perfectly in their wing locating holes, but they do not include any openings in the rear of the rocket tubes. In fact, the tubes taper off altogether just behind the front of the fins.

The main landing gear legs are short by around 3mm. Perhaps this is supposed to represent extreme compression under the weight of full ferry tanks. Detail on the wheel hubs is poor, and the radial tread pattern is not typical for the type.

Construction

As soon as I received Trumpeter&rsquos 1/48 scale Sea Fury, I considered possible solutions to address some of the shortcomings.

The first idea that came to mind was using either Cooper Details&rsquo or Cutting Edge&rsquos multi-media upgrade sets. These were designed for the Hobbycraft Sea Fury, but they address most of the weak points of Trumpeter&rsquos kits too.

The Cooper Details set includes an entirely new cockpit, propellers, spinner, wheels and 90 gallon drop tanks in resin plus a vacform canopy and white metal undercarriage parts for the main and tail gear.

The biggest challenge would be to adapt Cooper Details' resin spinner to the Trumpeter engine cowling, which is arranged quite differently to Hobbycraft&rsquos engineering. Some surgery would be required. The large scallop behind the cockpit on Trumpeter&rsquos fuselage spine would have to be filled, shaped and sanded too and the rivets needed filling and smoothing.

At this point I wondered if it might be easier to fit the Hobbycraft fuselage to Trumpeter&rsquos very nice wing.

Test fitting showed that only minor trimming and filling would be needed to mate these major sub-assemblies, and I thought it would be less work than preparing Trumpeter&rsquos fuselage.

The biggest problem with the basic Hobbycraft fuselage is the wide, soft panel lines. I brushed a thick coat of Tamiya Surfacer over the lines on the rear fuselage, and a thinner coat of Gunze Mr. Surfacer 1000 onto the cowl panels and forward fuselage lines, as these were visible on the real aircraft. Once thoroughly dry, the various Surfacers were sanded down to deliver a much subtler rendition of panel lines &ndash far more appropriate for the flush riveted Sea Fury.

Trumpeter&rsquos outer wing panels received similar treatment. Two coats of Tamiya Surfacer, with sanding in between coats and afterward, were required to eliminate most of the prominent rivet detail. The structural rivet detail on the inner wing panels was left intact as I thought it looked appropriately busy around the various access hatches and panels.

With the large parts prepared, I started building Cooper Details beautiful resin cockpit. Although this set was released quite some time ago, the detail remains state-of-the-art. I did replace the seat with the Cutting Edge Typhoon seat though, as Cooper&rsquos seat was not fitted with harness straps. The Cutting Edge seat has the harness straps and quilted backrest cast in place. I had to shave off the harness aattachment points on the outside of the seat to squeeze it into the cockpit though.

The Cooper Detail cockpit is the correct depth, is accurate and very busy. It even includes a delicate three-part mount for the master compass in front of the control column. I decided that I might not quite be up to this task, and the compass&rsquo tripod mount would be largely hidden in the dark recesses of the black cockpit, so I simply glued the compass to the top of a length of plastic rod.

Some of Cooper Details' smaller cockpit parts are cast onto a thin wafer of resin. The resin was carefully sanded, freeing the tiny detail parts, which were then glued to the fuselage sidewalls. I also glued a wedge of scrap plastic to the cockpit sill, smoothing the line from the windscreen to the canopy rails.

I painted the cockpit Dark Grey &ndash representing scale black &ndash and picked out the details with a fine brush and Tamiya acrylic paint. I initially painted the quilted backrest black, but eventually repainted it in a shade of medium green to add a little colour to the otherwise dark front office.

The fuselage halves were joined and the cockpit tub fed up through the wing opening into the assembled fuselage. Fit was perfect.

Now it was time to mate the Trumpeter wings to Hobbycraft&rsquos fuselage. The inside upper wing panels were first glued to the lower centre wing section. When this assembly was offered to the fuselage, a few points interfered with fit along the wing root. These were carefully trimmed with a hobby knife and smoothed with a sanding stick. The process was repeated several times until a good fit was achieved.

A few minor gaps remained at the wing root and underneath the fuselage where the wing meets the engine cowling. Also, the bulge where the fuselage meets the centre of the wing needed to be built up. Milliput was used for both of these jobs. The outline of the bulge was cut from a piece of stout cardboard, which was taped to the bottom of the wing and used as a template.

Once the Milliput has set, the wing roots and lower wing joins were thoroughly sanded for a nice, smooth seamless join.

Cooper Details supplies a vacform canopy that is better in shape than either Trumpeter&rsquos or Hobbycraft&rsquos. The clear vacform part was packed with Blu Tack prior to being cut off its backing sheet. This improves rigidity while cutting, and also makes it easier to see the cutting line.

A narrow ridge of .010&rdquo x .020&rdquo plastic strip was carefully glued to the front of the windscreen sill. This ridge was helpful as a positive mounting point for the vacform windscreen.

I realised that, in my earlier excitement, I had forgotten to install the exhaust stubs from the inside of the fuselage. I decided to adapt Trumpeter&rsquos exhausts, which are much nicer than Hobbycraft&rsquos items and are also drilled out. The backing plastic was sliced off and the top stack cut away to allow the exhausts to fit in the shorter Hobbycraft opening.

The balance of construction was fast and trouble free.

Hobbycraft&rsquos horizontal tail surfaces were used because they were easier to fit to Hobbycraft&rsquos fuselage.

Painting and Markings

The model first received a coat of Tamiya&rsquos grey primer straight from the spray can. This coat helps identify any persistent gaps, steps and seams before the camouflage paint is applied.

The Cooper Details 90 gallon drop tanks were fitted at this stage too. The mounts needed some reshaping to fit the more contoured Trumpeter lower wing.

All remaining paints were applied with my metal-bodied Aztek A470 airbrush.

The first colour was Alclad II Magnesium to the bare metal exhaust panels and the base of the spinner. The wheel wells also received a coat of primer yellow. While the airbrush was loaded, the inside of the undercarriage doors were also treated to this colour. Wheel wells and exhaust panels were masked with Tamiya tape.

Tamiya acrylic XF-21 Sky was sprayed onto the fuselage sides and all lower surfaces. A fine mottle and streaks of a lighter shade of Sky (with around 10-15% white added) was applied to subtly break up the large expanse of colour.

The Sky sections were masked off with Tamiya tape in preparation for Extra Dark Sea Grey on the upper surfaces. Wing walk areas on both wings were sprayed Flat Black and masked off before the grey camouflage.

Tamiya XF-24 Dark Grey was used to represent Extra Dark Sea Grey. Once again, a pale mottle was applied over the base colour. The forward fuselage was also masked off and sprayed in a faded variation of the colour (I noticed this feature ina few contemporary photos of Sea Furies).

Canopy parts were masked and sprayed while attached to a paint brush using Bu Tack. This makes it much easier to handle the parts while painting.

Markings were sourced from Aussie Decals&rsquo 1/48 scale sheet number A48-005, although I used Xtradecal&rsquos national markings for the fuselage and upper wings. All decals performed well using Micro Set and Solvaset.

Weathering was kept light, with a thin black-brown mix being sprayed mainly around the engine cowl, exhaust panels and control surface hinge lines. Recessed panel lines in these areas also received a thin wash of Tamiya X-18 Semi-Gloss Black.

Two thin coats of Polly Scale Flat finished the paint job with just the hint of a sheen.

Trumpeter&rsquos undersized main undercarriage legs were replaced with Cooper Details&rsquo white metal items. The mounting points in the wheel bay were drilled out to accommodate the new gear.

Cooper Details' tail wheel assembly is gorgeously rendered, with a separate white metal leg and wheel.

The propeller blades from Cooper Details are also supplied in white metal. This is just as well, as Sea Fury props have quite a significant twist from base to tip. I carefully twisted the five soft metal propeller blades in an attempt to reproduce this distinctive feature.

Stencil markings on the rockets and propeller blades were cobbled together using 1/72 scale decals, markings from a 1/48 scale Grand Phoenix Seafire, plus painted bands and spots.

Whip aerials were cut from stretched sprue. These were added to the top of the fin and on the underside of the folded starboard wing. The tail hook is a white metal item from the Cooper details upgrade set.

The Trumpeter pitot tube was replaced with brass tube and rod cut to length. Brass rod was also used for the rod antenna underneath the starboard wing.

There are a few changes that I would make next time I attempt the Trumpeter Sea Fury:

The fit of the wing tip navigation lights is less than perfect, so I would super glue the lights to the wings before painting, fill and sand the joins, polish the clear plastic then mask the lights before painting.

The landing lights are simple disks with no backing, They look more like clear inspection panels to view the interior of the wings. I suggest replacing these with MV lenses.

I would cut the rockets off the rails and replace them with rockets that have hollow tubes at the rear.

Conclusion

Trumpeter's 1/48 scale Sea Fury is like the proverbial Curate's Egg - it is good in parts.

The wings are the best aspect of the kit, and they are clearly superior to Hobbycraft's. Trumpeter's wing fold option is very welcome, and the positionable ailerons may be deflected outward when the wings are folded just like the real thing.

The scooped-out spine behind the cockpit, the poorly shaped spinner and the short landing gear legs are surprising considering the number of surviving Sea Furies (not to mention photos) available for reference. The shallow, caricatured cockpit, poor wheels and the blank-faced rocket tails are disappointing too.

Even so, I know that many modellers will be happy with the kit straight from the box. Trumpeter's Sea Fury fits well and it will be an enjoyable project with or without corrections.

The good news is that, if you are keen to address some of the accuracy issues, you do have a number of options. The cross-kitting of the Hobbycraft fuselage and the Trumpeter wings will take advantage of the strengths of both kits. The Hobbycraft kit may be picked up cheaply (probably even moreso now that the Trumpeter Sea Fury is available), so this will be an inexpensive conversion.

The addition of either the Cooper Details, Flightpath (previously from PP Aeroparts) or Cutting Edge upgrades will deliver an even more accurate result.

If you happen to have a Falcon vacform Sea Fury in your stash, you might be able to use this in a similar fashion. The Falcon vacform is probably still the most accurate Sea Fury available in 1/48 scale, and adapting the fuselage to the Trumpeter wings should be straightforward for any modeller with some vacform time under his or her belt.

You might also decide to use and improve the Trumpeter fuselage by blanking off the scallop in the spine, reshaping the cowl and spinner, smoothing out the curved windscreen join and buying a replacement Falcon vacform canopy.


Hawker Sea Fury FB11

Sea Fury
Hawker Sea Fury FB.11 VR930 with wings folded, at Kemble Airfield, Gloucestershire, England. Operated by the Royal Navy Historic Flight.
Role Naval fighter-bomber
Manufacturer Hawker
Designed by Sydney Camm
First flight 21 February 1945
Introduced October 1945 (FAA)
1947 (RCN)
Retired 1955 (FAA)
1956 (RCN)
Primary users Royal Navy
Royal Australian Navy
Royal Canadian Navy
Pakistan Air Force
Produced 1945�
Number built 860
Developed from Hawker Tempest

The Sea Fury was a British fighter aircraft developed for the Royal Navy by Hawker during the Second World War. The last propeller-driven fighter to serve the Royal Navy, it was also one of the fastest production single piston-engined aircraft ever built, and the last ever propeller-driven fighter to shoot down a jet-powered fighter.

The Hawker Fury was an evolutionary successor to the successful Hawker Typhoon and Tempest fighters and fighter-bombers of the Second World War. The Fury was designed in 1942 by Sydney Camm, the famous Hawker designer, to meet the RAF’s requirement for a lightweight Tempest II replacement. Developed as the "Tempest Light Fighter", it used modified Tempest semi-elliptical outer wing panels, bolted and riveted together on the fuselage centerline. The fuselage itself was similar to the Tempest, but fully monocoque with a higher cockpit for better visibility.[1] The Air Ministry was sufficiently impressed by the design to write Specification F.2/43 around the concept.[2]

Six prototypes were ordered two were to be powered by Rolls Royce Griffon engines, two with Centaurus XXIIs, one with a Centaurus XII and one as a test structure. The first Fury to fly, on 1 September 1944 was NX798 with a Centaurus XII with rigid engine mounts, powering a Rotol four-blade propeller. Second on 27 November 1944 was LA610, which had a Griffon 85 and Rotol six-blade contra-rotating propeller. By now development of the Fury and Sea Fury was closely interlinked so that the next prototype to fly was a Sea Fury, SR661, described under "Naval Conversion." NX802 (25 July 1945) was the last Fury prototype, powered by a Centaurus XV. With the ending of the Second World War in Europe, the RAF Fury contract was cancelled and development centred on the Sea Fury. LA610 was eventually fitted with a Napier Sabre VII, which was capable of developing 3,400 to 4,000 hp (2,535 to 2,983 kW). As a result it became the fastest piston engined Hawker aircraft, reaching a speed of around 485 mph (780 km/h). [3]

In 1943, the design was modified to meet a Royal Navy request (N.7/43) for a carrier-based fighter. Boulton-Paul Aircraft were to make the conversion while Hawker continued work on the Air Force design. The first Sea Fury prototype, SR661, flew on 21 February 1945, powered by a Bristol Centaurus XII engine. This prototype had a "stinger"-type tailhook for arrested carrier landings, but lacked folding wings for storage.[2] SR666, the second prototype, which flew on 12 October 1945, was powered by a Centaurus XV turning a new, five-bladed Rotol propeller and was built with folding wings. Specification N.7/43 was modified to N.22/43, now representing an order for 200 aircraft. Of these, 100 were to be built at Boulton-Paul.

Both prototypes were undergoing carrier landing trials when the Japanese surrendered in 1945, ending development of the land-based Fury work on the navalized Sea Fury continued. The original order to specification N.22/43 was reduced to 100 aircraft, and the Boulton-Paul agreement was cancelled. At the same time construction of what was intended to be a Boulton-Paul built Sea Fury prototype, VB857 was transferred to the Hawker factory at Kingston. This aircraft, built to the same standard as SR666, first flew on 31 January 1946. The first production model, the Sea Fury F.Mark X (Fighter, Mark X), flew in September 1946. Problems arose with damaged tailhooks during carrier landings after modifications, the aircraft were approved for carrier landings in spring 1947.

[edit] Operational history
A Sea Fury FB 11 launches from HMS Glory in 1951
A Sea Fury FB 11 launches from HMS Glory in 1951

The Royal Navy’s earlier Supermarine Seafire had never been completely suitable for carrier use, having a poor view for landing and a narrow-track undercarriage that made landings and takeoffs "tricky". Consequently, the Sea Fury F X replaced it on most carriers.[4] Sea Furies were issued to Nos. 736, 738, 759 and 778 Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm.

The F.X was followed by the Sea Fury FB.XI fighter-bomber variant, later known as the FB 11, which eventually reached a production total of 650 aircraft. The Sea Fury remained the Fleet Air Arm’s primary fighter-bomber until 1953 and the introduction of the Hawker Sea Hawk and Supermarine Attacker.

A total of 74 Sea Furies FB 11 (and one FB 10) served with the Royal Canadian Navy (R.C.N.) between 1948 and 1956. All flew from the aircraft carrier HMCS Magnificent (CVL 21) in 871 squadron.

The FB 11 served throughout the Korean War as a ground-attack aircraft, flying from the Royal Navy light fleet carriers HMS Glory, HMS Ocean, HMS Theseus, and the Australian carrier HMAS Sydney.[5] On 8 August 1952, FAA pilot Lieutenant Peter "Hoagy" Carmichael Royal Navy downed a MiG-15 jet fighter in air-to-air combat, making the Sea Fury one of the few prop-driven fighter aircraft to shoot down a jet-powered fighter. [6] Indeed, some sources claim a second MiG was downed,[7] although most accounts do not mention this either way, this is often cited as the only successful engagement by a British pilot in a British aircraft in the entire Korean War.[2] The engagement occurred when his mixed flight of Sea Furies and Fireflies was engaged by eight MiG-15s, during which one Firefly was badly damaged while the Sea Furies were able to escape unharmed. A similar encounter the next day led to the Sea Fury fighters using their superior manoeuvrability to escape another MiG-15 "bounce" although one Sea Fury had to limp home to HMS Ocean.

Sea Fury FB 11s entered service with the fighter squadrons of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve in August 1951. Units equipped were No. 1831, 1832, 1833, 1834, 1835 and 1836 squadrons, No. 1832 being last to relinquish the type in August 1955.

The Sea Fury F.50 export variant proved popular, being purchased by Australia, Germany, Iraq, Egypt, Burma, Pakistan and Cuba. The Netherlands bought 24 aircraft, then acquired a licence for production of 24 more F.50s at Fokker. Cuban Sea Furies saw action during the Bay of Pigs Invasion. The final production figures for all marks reached around 860 aircraft.

[edit] Variants
Critical Mass, a modified Sea Fury air racer
Critical Mass, a modified Sea Fury air racer

Fury I
Single-seat land-based fighter version for the Iraqi Air Force. Unofficially known as the Baghdad Fury, 55 built.
Fury Trainer
Two-seat training version for the Iraqi Air Force, five built.
Sea Fury F10
Single-seat fighter version for the Royal Navy.
Sea Fury FB11
Single-seat fighter-bomber for the Royal Navy, Royal Australian Navy and Royal Canadian Navy.
Sea Fury T20
Two-seat training version for the Royal Navy.
Sea Fury F50
Single-seat fighter version for the Royal Netherlands Navy.
Sea Fury FB51
Single-seat fighter-bomber version for the Royal Netherlands Navy.
Sea Fury FB60
Single-seat fighter-bomber version for the Pakistan Air Force.
Sea Fury T61
Two-seat training version for the Pakistan Air Force.

Main article: List of Hawker Sea Fury operators

Canadian Sea Furies
Canadian Sea Furies
Pakistan Air Force Sea Fury T.61
Pakistan Air Force Sea Fury T.61

* Flag of Australia Australia
* Flag of Burma Burma
* Flag of Canada Canada
* Flag of Cuba Cuba
* Flag of Egypt Egypt
* Flag of Germany Germany
* Flag of Iraq Iraq
* Flag of Morocco Morocco
* Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands
* Flag of Pakistan Pakistan
* Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom

Because production continued until well after the end of the Second World War and aircraft remained in Royal Navy service until 1955, dozens of airframes have survived in varying levels of condition. A number of Sea Furies are airworthy today, with around a dozen heavily modified and raced regularly at the Reno Air Races as of 2006. Most of these replace the original sleeve-valve Centaurus radial, because rotational speed and tuning potential are limited in contrast to more conventional engines such as the Rolls Royce Merlin. Most racing Sea Furies use the Pratt & Whitney Wasp Major.

Many additional airframes remain as static displays in museums worldwide.

Data from The Flightline[8]

* Crew: One
* Length: 34 ft 8 in (10.6 m)
* Wingspan: 38 ft 4¾ in (11.7 m)
* Height: 16 ft 1 in (4.9 m)
* Wing area: 280 ft² (26 m²
* Empty weight: 9,240 lb (4,190 kg)
* Max takeoff weight: 12,500 lb (5,670 kg)
* Powerplant: 1× Bristol Centaurus XVIIC 18-cylinder twin-row radial engine, 2,480 hp (1,850 kW)

* Maximum speed: 460 mph (740 km/h) at 18,000 ft (5,500 m)
* Cruise speed: 390 mph (625 km/h)
* Range: 700 mi (1,127 km) with internal fuel 1,040 mi (1,675 km) with two drop tanks
* Service ceiling 35,800 ft (10,900 m)
* Rate of climb: 30,000 ft (9,200 m) in 10.8 minutes
* Wing loading: 44.6 lb/ft² (161.2 kg/m²
* Power/mass: 0.198 hp/lb (441 W/kg)

* Guns: 4× 20 mm Hispano Mk V cannon
* Rockets: 12× 3 in (76 mm) rockets or
* Bombs: 2,000 lb (908 kg) of bombs


A naval version

While the RAF contract had been cancelled, the Fury prototypes were completed and used for work in developing the Sea Fury as well as for the export market.

The first Sea Fury prototype, SR661, first flew at Langley, Berkshire, on 21 February 1945, powered by a Centaurus XII engine. This prototype had a “stinger”-type tailhook for arrested carrier landings, but lacked folding wings for storage. SR666, the second prototype, which flew on 12 October 1945, was powered by a Bristol Centaurus XV that turned a new, five-bladed Rotol propeller and did feature folding wings. Specification N.7/43 was modified to N.22/43, now representing an order for 200 aircraft. Of these, 100 were to be built at Boulton-Paul’s Wolverhampton factory.

In 1945, the original order to specification N.22/43 was reduced to 100 aircraft as a result, the manufacturing agreement with Boulton-Paul was ended and all work on the Sea Fury transferred to Hawker Aircraft’s facilities at Kingston. This included the construction of what was intended to be a Boulton-Paul built Sea Fury prototype, VB857, which was transported to Kingston in January 1945 this aircraft, built to the same standard as SR666, first flew on 31 January 1946. Immediately upon completion of the first three airframes, the flight testing programme began at Kingston. It was soon discovered that the early Centaurus engine suffered frequent crankshaft failure due to a poorly designed lubrication system, which led to incidents of the engine seizing while in mid-flight. The problem was resolved when Bristol’s improved Centaurus 18 engine replaced the earlier engine variant.

The Sea Fury is a fully navalised aircraft, capable of operating from the aircraft carriers of the Royal Navy. It was heavily based on preceding Hawker fighter aircraft, particularly the Tempest features such as the semi-elliptical wing and fuselage were derived directly from the Tempest but featured significant refinements, including significant strengthening to withstand the stresses of carrier landings. While the Sea Fury was lighter and smaller than the Tempest, advanced aspects of the Sea Fury’s design such as its Centaurus engine meant it was also considerably more powerful and faster the Sea Fury has the distinction of being the final and fastest of Hawker’s piston-engined aircraft, as well as being one of the fastest production piston engined fighters ever produced.

The performance of the Sea Fury was striking in comparison with the 15 years older Hawker Fury biplane the Sea Fury was nearly twice as fast and had double the rate of climb despite far heavier equipment and greater range. The Sea Fury Mk X was capable of attaining a maximum speed of 460 mph and climb to a height of 20,000 feet in under five minutes. The Sea Fury was reportedly a highly aerobatic aircraft with favourable flying behaviour at all heights and speeds, although intentional spinning of the aircraft was banned during the type’s military service. During flight displays, the Sea Fury could demonstrate its ability to perform rapid rolls at a rate of 100 degrees per second, attributed to the spring tab equipped ailerons. For extra thrust on takeoff Jet Assisted Take Off (JATO) could be used.

The Sea Fury was powered by the newly developed Bristol Centaurus piston engine, which drove a five-bladed propeller. Many of the engine’s subsystems, such as the fully automated cooling system, cockpit gauges, and fuel booster pump were electrical, powered by an engine-driven generator supplemented by two independent batteries. The hydraulic system, necessary to operate the retractable undercarriage, tail hook, and flaps, was pressurised to 1,800 psi by an engine-driven pump. If this failed, a hand pump in the cockpit could also power these systems. A pneumatic pump was driven by the engine for the brakes. Internal fuel was stored in a total of five self-sealing fuel tanks, two within the fuselage directly in front of the cockpit and three housed within the wings.

Various avionics systems were used on Sea Furies in this respect it was unusually well equipped for an aircraft of the era. Many aircraft would be equipped with on-board radar, often the ARI 5307 ZBX, which could be directly integrated with a four-channel VHF radio system. Several of the navigational aids, such as the altimeter and G2F compass, were also advanced many of these subsystems would appear on subsequent jet aircraft with little or no alteration. Other aspects of the Sea Fury, such as the majority of the flight controls, were conventional. Some controls were electrically powered, such as the weapons controls, on-board cameras, and the gyro gunsight.
Although the Sea Fury had been originally developed as a pure air superiority fighter, the Royal Navy viewed the solid construction and payload capabilities of the airframe as positive attributes for ground attack as well accordingly, Hawker tested and cleared the type to use a wide range of armaments and support equipment. Each aircraft had four wing-mounted 20 mm Hispano V cannon, with up to 16 rocket projectiles, or a combination of 500 lb or 1000 lb bombs being carried too. Other loads included 1000 lb incendiary bombs, mines, type 2 smoke floats or 90 gallon fuel tanks. The Sea Fury could also be fitted with both vertical and oblique cameras with a dedicated control box in the cockpit, for photo reconnaissance missions. Other ancillary equipment included chaff to evade hostile missile attack and flares.
The Sea Fury FB 11 single-seat fighter-bomber was produced for the Royal Navy, Royal Australian Navy and Royal Canadian Navy, 615 were built, including 31 for the RAN and 53 for the RCN.


Hawker Sea Fury WG630 Restoration

There is a historic Australian Sea Fury restoration soon to commence on Hawker Sea Fury FB.11 WG630 with the intention of returning it to flight .

Hawker Sea Fury FB.11 WG630 was brought on charge with the Royal Australian Navy on the 7th of March 1952 and served with the Navy until it was struck off Charge on the 15th of November 1959. She is not a Fury but a genuine Sea Fury having original folding wings, tail hook, catapult hooks and all the other naval Sea Fury features. She arrived as deck cargo on the RAN carrier HMAS Vengeance in March 1952. This aircraft was an attrition replacement aircraft to replace those lost in Korea and in operations in Australia and as such had a relatively short service career of just on 6 years.

Following its demilitarization, Sea Fury WG630 was obtained with another aircraft (VW647 now on display in the private Camden Museum of the Thomas family) and a spare engine for £100 by the CSIRO Commonwealth Experimental Building Station in the 1950’s to test the weather resisting ability of windows and sliding doors! It is believed that at first VW647 was used as the wind machine and then for some unknown reason was replaced by WG630. At some stage WG630’s engine driven fuel pump failed and it was decided to use an electric pump feeding fuel from a 44 gallon drum and to get the fuel into the engine the CSIRO team bolted caterpillar filter housing on the rear of the forward spar and cut a hole in the spar to run the fuel line.

Sea Fury planes in formation
Sea Fury FB11 VW623 aboard HMAS Melbourne
Thought to be Sea Fury WG630
Sea Fury VW623 during reassembly

In 1986 WG630 was no longer required by the CSIRO and was acquired by The Australian War Memorial (AWM), Canberra and it was then stored and upon the work being undertaken to restore another Sea Fury (VX730) held by the AWM in 1999, WG630 acted as a source of the spares required for completing VX 730.

Subsequently WG630 returned to the Naval Aviation Museum, Nowra NAS, NSW, and was utilized again as a parts source by the RAN Historic Flight in their restoration to airworthy status of Sea Fury FB.11 VW623. WG630 was then restored to static condition as WG630 “K” 110 and placed on display in 2007 at the Naval Aviation Museum.

With the acquisition of the ex-RAN Historic Flight Sea Fury VW623 finished as 102 “K” which was more complete and in better condition, for display in the FAAM a decision was taken to dispose of FB.11 WG630 and she was acquired by the Historical Aircraft Restoration Society (HARS) in December 2018 along with many other aircraft (two Grumman Trackers , two Iroquois , Sea Venom, Sea Fury, two Wessex , and a Dakota from the now defunct Naval Historic Flight and transported to HARS Albion Park where it is being surveyed for a return to flight. A significant amount of money and time will be required to get this aircraft flying again so readers who want to help should make contact via the HARS website to make a donation to see this genuine Australian Sea Fury fly again.

The purpose of the HARS Naval Historic Flight is to restore and operate selected Australian Naval Aviation heritage aircraft – essentially those that are feasible and realistic to operate, and within the constraint that some of these airframes may only be restored and operated at taxi-able as distinct from airworthy status.

The HARS Navy Heritage Flight is the wholly owned subsidiary of HARS which controls and operates the airframes and activities of the ex-Royal Australian Navy Fleet Air Arm (RANFAA) historic aircraft.

On display in FAA Museum
At Nowra Airshow
Fairey Firefly AS5AS6 & Hawker Sea Fury WG630
At FAAM Nowra 2016
Relocated to HARS Albion Park
At HARS Albion Park
Sea Fury VX730 side view
Sea Fury VX730 crew diorama

There is considerable conjecture and confusion as to the intertwining history and provenance of RAN Sea Furys including three of the survivors WG630, VW623 and VX730, especially the last, now on display at the Australian War Memorial (AWM). Although identified as VX730 it appears very few (if any) parts of this aircraft are from this identity and it is thought to be VW232 with additional components (rear fuselage, outer wings & stern post) of TF925. Is it possible VW232 was perhaps misidentified as VX730? We would welcome any feedback from those with specific knowledge of these three aircraft.

We would like to acknowledge Steve Long for his assistance in compiling this article and providing valuable insights into this intriguing restoration project and its history and acknowledge and are grateful for the use of some images in this story from other online sources.

Warbirds online will continue to monitor progress on the potential restoration of Hawker Sea Fury FB.11 WG630 to airworthy status and in future articles we will explore the history of the other RAN Sea Fury survivors.

Want to know more about other Sea Fury restorations?

Read about the imminent refurbishment of Hawker Fury also known as a “Bagdad Fury” FB.10 Construction No 37723 civil registered VH-SHF about to take place at Scone NSW.


Hawker Sea Fury FB 11 - History

Airfix, 1/48 scale
Hawker Sea Fury FB.11


Airfix's 1/72 scale Tomahawk Mk. IIB is available online from Squadron.com

Description

I used to make models like this back in the 1960s. Like most kids, I would just glue them together and put on the stickers (called decals as I would later learn), and they would be ready for flying and dogfighting. Making models was straight forward as a kid. No worries about accuracy or painting, just break the bits off the sprue, and glue them together where they touched. It was normal to put too much glue on the canopy, and fog it in the process. The most important thing, if possible, was for the propeller to rotate in the wind. But, applying too much glue was the perils of using tube adhesive of the day. On this model, I used Tamiya Quick Setting Extra Thin Cement. I find it drys in seconds and is easy to use.

I've made the new 1/48 scale Hawker Sea Fury the Same way, by gluing it all together and applying a few decals to give it a bit of colour. The only difference is, that I sprayed the whole model with a grey primer just to make it look a bit neater.

Construction begins with the cockpit. It's made up with nine parts, and builds into a nice looking unit. The cockpit floor includes detail on the side consoles, to which the control stick and foot pedals are added. The instrument panel has raised detail, with six decals representing the clock faces. Next is the seat and frame to mount the seat on. The seat has good detail representing both the seat and back cushions. The forward fire bulkhead and port and starboard frames, to which are mounded additional instruments are glued into place, and the cockpit is finished. A set of harnesses would finish it off nicely.

This is glued into the port fuselage half, along with the main wing spar, and rear wheel undercarriage bay, to which a recess is moulded for when the undercarriage is retracted. The two halves of the fuselage are then glued together. I did test fit them several times, but they went together just fine.

As Airfix have given us a folding wing option, the wings are constructed of three parts, first being the centre section. Firstly, any appropriate holes need to be drilled should you wish to add any ordnance. The main undercarriage bay is glued to the centre section, which includes the main catapult frame. The cannons and other details are added before attaching this section to the fuselage.

Next stage is the nose. The exhaust outlets are very nicely detailed, with holes already drilled at the end of the exhaust pipes. On my example, the moulding of the ring panel to which the exhaust were attached was not great. Whether this was a one off, or is a problem with the kit, I really couldn't say. Two panels make up the next section. So as you assemble them correctly, there is an arrow inside each part pointing forward. The last section is the nose cowling and engine block.

The engine block has cylinder detail mounded, but very little is seen once the propeller is put in place.

The tail empennage is the next stage which has some fine rivet detail. This starts with the port and starboard horizontal stabilisers or tailplane are glued in place first, followed by the elevators, which can be set at an angle should you wish. Airfix give you the maximum angle these can be set at. Finally, the rudder is attached, again Airfix have given you the angle. In this case, it was 27 degrees port and starboard movement. After looking at several photos of parked Sea Furies, I set mine at what I thought was appropriate.

At this point, you decide whether to build an aircraft with extended or folded wings, and follow the instructions accordingly. I opted for the folded wing option. The wing fold frame is glued in place, followed by the upper wing panel. I though the wing to fuselage fit was excellent. The wing trailing edge also had a nice thin profile. The outer panels are assembled, again making sure if any holes need to be drilled should you wish to add ordnance, rockets in this case. With the wings folded, the ailerons are both fixed at 17.5 degrees. The wings are then attached to the wing hinges.

You have the choice to build the model with the undercarriage retracted should you wish. With the wings folded, I had no choice. The undercarriage goes together very well and is nicely detailed. The wheels are in two halves and have tread detail engraved on them. They also have a flat spot to represent the weight of the aircraft. The location holes and pins are pear shaped, so they lay in the correct position when sitting on a flat surface.

The big five blade propeller is made up of five parts. I found that when I went to attach it to the fuselage, the fit was so good I didn't need adhesive to hold it in place.

This just left a few more details to add, navigation lights, retractable step transparencies and rather nice tail hook and that was me done.

The model did come with a choice of weapons and ordnance, none of which I chose to fit. These included two types of bombs, two types of drop tank, camera pod, twelve wing mounted rockets, and a RATOG unit.

In making this model, I used no filler. The only place I would have used it if I had, was where the fuselage joins the aft centre wing section. As I only ever intended to give the model a coat of primer, I gave the seams just had a quick rub over.

About the model itself, the panel lines are good, as is the overall detail and quality of the kit. It was only the nose section that was not up to the same standard. On reflection, had I spent a little more time on it, and I think I would have obtained a better finish.


Watch the video: Обзор Hawker Sea Fury FB11 от PM-Model (December 2021).