History Podcasts

Tattnall DD- 125 - History

Tattnall DD- 125 - History

Tattnall
(DD-125: dp. 1,090, 1. 314'4" b. 30'11", dr. 9'4" (mean); s. 35.11 k. (tl.); cpl. 122; a. 4 4", 2 3",12 21" tt.; cl. Wickes)

The first Tattnall (DD-125) was laid down at Camden, N.J., on 1 December 1917 by the New York Shipbuilding Corp., launched on 5 September 1918sponsored by Miss Sarah Campbell Kollock, and commissioned on 26 June 1919, Comdr. Gordon Wayne Haines in command.

Following trials off the New England coast, Tattnall sailed for the eastern Mediterranean. She arrived at Constantinople on 27 July and, for almost a year, operated in Turkish waters. During that time, she also visited ports in Egypt, Greece, Russia, and Syria transporting passengers and mail. In June 1920, the destroyer began her return voyage to the United States. During the voyage home, she was designated DD-125 on 17 July 1920 when the Navy adopted the alphanumeric system of hull designations. She stopped at ports in Italy and France before entering New York harbor on 22 July. Following overhaul Tattnall put to sea to join the Pacific Fleet. After port calls along the southern coast of the United States and at ports in Cuba, Nicaragua, Mexico, and the Canal Zone, she reached San Diego on 17 December. The warship operated along the California coast until 15 June 1922, when she was decommissioned and placed in reserve at San Diego.

On 1 May 1930, Tattnall was recommissioned Comdr. A. M. R. Allen in command. The warship served with the Battle Force along the west coast until 1931. By 1 July of that year, she had been transferred to the east coast for duty with the Scouting Force Destroyers as a unit of Destroyer Division 7.

A year later, Tattnall's activity was curtailed by her assignment to the rotating reserve. On 1 January 1934, the destroyer resumed a more active role with the Fleet when she began a year of duty with the Scouting Force Training Squadron. Following another period of relative inactivity in rotating reserve, she rejoined the Training Squadron late in 1935. During the latter part of 1937, the Training Detachment, United States Fleet was established; and Tattnall and the other units of the Scouting Force Training Squadron joined the new organization. The destroyer continued her training duties until November 1938.

On the 17th, she and J. Fred Talbot (DD-156) relieved Dullas (DD-199) and Babbitt (DD-128) as units of the Special Service Squadron. Based in the Canal Zone, Tattnall helped to exert the steadying influence of American seapower in Latin America until the squadron was disbanded on 17 September 1940. The warship, however, continued to operate in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea out of her home port at Panama. After the United States entered World War II, Tattnall began escorting coastwise convoys in her area of operations, frequently through the Windward Passage between Cuba and Hispaniola, one of the most dangerous areas during the height of the Caribbean U-boat blitz. Though she made many sonar contacts and depth charge attacks, Tattnall registered no confirmed kills.

Early in July 1943, the destroyer escorted her last Caribbean convoy north from the Windward Passage to Charleston, S.C. She arrived on the 10th, began conversion to a high-speed transport at the navy yard and was redesignated APD-19 on 24 July. On 6 September 1943, the day following the 25th anniversary of her launching, Tattnall completed conversion. She finished her shakedown cruise in mid-September. Following post-shakedown repairs and alterations in late September, the high-speed transport began amphibious training-first, at Cove Point, Md., and later, at Fort Pierce, Fla.

In April 1944, Tattnall was designated flagship of Transport Division (TransDiv) 13, the only high-speed transport division in the Atlantic theater. On 13 April she departed the east coast for Oran, Algeria in company with Roper (APD-20), Barry (APD-29), Greene (APD-36), and Osmond Ingram (APD-35). TransDiv 13 joined the 8th Fleet at the end of April, and Tattnall moved to Corsica to practice for her first assignment, the capture of Elba and Pianosa Islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea. However, before the invasion and during her training period, Tattnall was called upon to feign a landing near Civitavecchia, Italy, north of Rome, to draw off German reinforcements headed south to turn back the American forces breaking through at Monte Cassino and heading for Rome. The ruse apparently worked. The reinforcements never reached Monte Cassino; and, on the following day, German radio announced an Allied invasion north of Rome.

On 17 June, the invasion troops went ashore on Elba and Pianosa. Tattnall's boats came under machinegun fire, but suffered no serious damage. After the landings in the Tyrrhenian Sea, the high-speed transport began convoy duty between Italian, Sicilian, and North African ports. Following that duty, she resumed amphibious operations, this time with members of the AmericanCanadian 1st Special Service Force embarked. Their mission was to capture the heavily fortified Hyeres Islands, located just east of Toulon, and hold them during the main landings in the invasion of southern France. On 15 August, the five ships of TransDiv 13 rapidly put 1,600 troops ashore, and the islands were secured within three days. During the next two weeks, Tattnall and her sister transports shuttled reinforcements and supplies into southern France and evacuated Allied wounded and German prisoners of war. For the remainder of the year, the high speed transport escorted convoys between ports in the Mediterranean Sea.

Tattnall returned to the United States at Norfolk on 21 December and began a month long availability period before heading for the Pacific. She got underway from Hampton Roads on 31 January 1945. After transiting the Panama Canal early in February and making stops at San Diego, Pearl Harbor, Eniwetok, and Ulithi, the fast transport reached the Okinawa area on 19 April.

The high-speed transport remained in the Ryukyus through the end of the month. During that time, she stood guard on several of the screen stations which circled Okinawa to protect the units of the fleet from attack by kamikazes, Japan's final suicidal attempt to stem the American tide in the Pacific. Tattnall fired at enemy planes several times in the days preceding the night of 29 and 30 April, however, it was not until that night that she drew Japanese blood.

Three red alerts before 0200 failed to materialize into enemy attacks; however, at about 0215, bogies began closing her from the west. A twin-engined plane crossed Tattnall astern about 3,000 yards distant, and her 40 millimeter gun crews took him under fire. The attacker retired to the fast transport's starboard quarter with one engine ablaze, but only to renew his attack. Again, he dove at Tatinall. This time, her gunners finished the job they had begun on his first pass, and he plummeted into the sea. Soon thereafter, a kamikaze approached the warship from her starboard quarter and dove at her. Tattnall, her engines at full speed, turned hard to port to evade the attacker. He splashed into the sea close aboard Tattnall's starboard bow. Debris rained down on the ship and pierced her hull above the waterline. Fortunately, she suffered neither casualties nor serious damage.

The following day, Tattnall departed Okinawa and headed for the Mariana Islands and convoy escort duty. She arrived at Saipan on 3 May and returned with a convoy to Okinawa on the 20th. The warship resumed picket duty but experienced no more action like that of the night of 29 and 30 April. To be sure, her crew stood long watches and, on 25 May, was at general quarters for 18 hours straight. On that day, two of her sister ships from TransDiv 13, Barrg and Roper, were hit by kamikazes. Barry later sank, and Roper was sent to a rear area for repairs.

Early in June, Tattnall was ordered to report for duty with the Philippine Sea Frontier. She stopped at Saipan on 13 June and reached Leyte on the 17th. Through the end of the war and for almost a month thereafter, she conducted Patrols in the Philippines and escorted convoys to Ulithi and Hollandia. On 13 September, Tattnall headed back to the United States. After stops at Eniwetok and Pearl Harbor, the fast transport arrived in San Francisco on 30 October.

From there, she was routed north to the Puget Sound Navy Yard and disposition by the Commandant, 13th Naval District. Tattnall was decommissioned at Puget Sound on 17 December 1945. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 8 January 1946. She was sold to the Pacific Metal & Salvage Co., of Seattle, Wash., on 17 October 1946 and subsequently was scrapped

Tattnall received three battle stars for her World War II service.


USS Tattnall (DD-125) -->

USS Tattnall (DD�) was a Wickes-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was the first ship named for Captain Josiah Tattnall.

Tattnall was laid down at Camden, New Jersey, on 1 December 1917 by the New York Shipbuilding Corporation launched on 5 September 1918 sponsored by Miss Sarah Campbell Kollock and commissioned on 26 June 1919.


History

Clinical history is vital in the diagnosis of an adnexal mass (Table 1) .4 Risk of ovarian cancer increases with age. The patient's reproductive status and contraception method must be determined ectopic pregnancy can be a life-threatening adnexal mass. Women with a family history of breast and gynecologic cancers, those with known or suggested presence of BRCA or other hereditary cancer syndromes, and women of Ashkenazi Jewish descent are at increased risk of ovarian cancer. Other risk factors for ovarian cancer include nulliparity, obesity, delayed child-bearing, use of fertility-enhancing medications, and unopposed estrogen exposure.4 , 5 Adhesions from previous abdominal or pelvic surgery can cause symptomatology similar to an adnexal mass.

Selected Clinical Entities in the Differential Diagnosis of Adnexal Tenderness or Mass

Lower abdominal (usually unilateral and severe) or pelvic pain

Adnexal mass or tenderness, hypotension, tachycardia

Abnormal uterine bleeding, dyspareunia, worsening pain with menses

Adnexal mass or tenderness, tenderness over uterosacral ligaments

Functional ovarian cyst (corpus luteum)

Unilateral pelvic pain, pain during middle of menstrual cycle (mittelschmerz), pain with intercourse

Adnexal mass or tenderness

Abdominal mass, uterine enlargement

Pelvic or abdominal pain, abdominal fullness and pressure, bloating, difficulty eating, early satiety, increased abdominal size, indigestion, dyspareunia, urinary urgency or frequency, incontinence

Abdominal or adnexal mass, ascites, lymphadenopathy, nodularity of uterosacral ligaments, pleural effusion

Sudden onset of unilateral and severe lower abdominal or pelvic pain, associated with nausea or vomiting

Abdominal or adnexal tenderness

Pelvic inflammatory disease or tubo-ovarian abscess

Fever, lower abdominal or pelvic pain, nausea, vaginal discharge, vomiting

Abdominal or adnexal tenderness, cervical motion tenderness, fever, vaginal discharge

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea, or menorrhagia associated with obesity and hirsutism

Unilateral or bilateral adnexal fullness or enlarged ovary or ovaries

Adapted with permission from Givens V, Mitchell G, Harraway-Smith C, Reddy A, Maness DL. Diagnosis and management of adnexal masses . Am Fam Physician. 200980(8):817 .

Selected Clinical Entities in the Differential Diagnosis of Adnexal Tenderness or Mass

Lower abdominal (usually unilateral and severe) or pelvic pain

Adnexal mass or tenderness, hypotension, tachycardia

Abnormal uterine bleeding, dyspareunia, worsening pain with menses

Adnexal mass or tenderness, tenderness over uterosacral ligaments

Functional ovarian cyst (corpus luteum)

Unilateral pelvic pain, pain during middle of menstrual cycle (mittelschmerz), pain with intercourse

Adnexal mass or tenderness

Abdominal mass, uterine enlargement

Pelvic or abdominal pain, abdominal fullness and pressure, bloating, difficulty eating, early satiety, increased abdominal size, indigestion, dyspareunia, urinary urgency or frequency, incontinence

Abdominal or adnexal mass, ascites, lymphadenopathy, nodularity of uterosacral ligaments, pleural effusion

Sudden onset of unilateral and severe lower abdominal or pelvic pain, associated with nausea or vomiting

Abdominal or adnexal tenderness

Pelvic inflammatory disease or tubo-ovarian abscess

Fever, lower abdominal or pelvic pain, nausea, vaginal discharge, vomiting

Abdominal or adnexal tenderness, cervical motion tenderness, fever, vaginal discharge

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea, or menorrhagia associated with obesity and hirsutism

Unilateral or bilateral adnexal fullness or enlarged ovary or ovaries

Adapted with permission from Givens V, Mitchell G, Harraway-Smith C, Reddy A, Maness DL. Diagnosis and management of adnexal masses . Am Fam Physician. 200980(8):817 .

Common symptoms associated with adnexal masses include irregular vaginal bleeding, bloating, increased abdominal girth, dyspareunia, urinary symptoms, pelvic pain, and abdominal pain.1 , 6 , 7 Ovarian cancer can occur in a premenarchal patient, and symptoms suggestive of an adnexal mass should not be ignored in that population. Pain, increased abdominal size, bloating, and urinary symptoms may be more indicative of malignant rather than benign causes7 (Table 2 8 ) . More severe, frequent symptoms of shorter duration may also indicate cancer.

Sensitivity and Specificity of Symptoms to Identify Patients with Ovarian Cancer

LR+ = positive likelihood ratio LR− = negative likelihood ratio .

Information from reference 8 .

Sensitivity and Specificity of Symptoms to Identify Patients with Ovarian Cancer

LR+ = positive likelihood ratio LR− = negative likelihood ratio .

Information from reference 8 .

Studies have investigated the creation of a symptom index to evaluate the constellation of possible indicators and their presence over time, but no single index is widely accepted.1 , 3 One symptom index study recommends that women who report abdominal or pelvic pain, increased abdominal size or bloating, or difficulty eating or feeling full quickly more than 12 times per month for less than 12 months' duration be evaluated for ovarian cancer.3


This Is How FDR Tried to Pack the Supreme Court

A 1937 political cartoon with the caption &aposDo We Want A Ventriloquist Act In The Supreme Court?&apos which was a criticism of FDR&aposs New Deal, depicting President Franklin D. Roosevelt with six new judges likely to be FDR puppets.

With lifetime appointments, it’s not unusual for Supreme Court justices to serve well past the average U.S. retirement age of 63. (Ruth Bader Ginsberg died at age 87 while still serving on the court and Antonin Scalia died at age 79 while still a Supreme Court justice.)

But in the late 1930s, President Franklin D. Roosevelt wanted to put restrictions on the court when it came to age. Largely seen as a political ploy to change the court for favorable rulings on New Deal legislation, the Judicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937, commonly referred to as the 𠇌ourt-packing plan,” was Roosevelt’s attempt to appoint up to six additional justices to the Supreme Court for every justice older than 70 years, 6 months, who had served 10 years or more.

Dr. David B. Woolner, senior fellow and resident historian of the Roosevelt Institute and author of The Last 100 Days: FDR at War and at Peace, says it’s important to note the timing of this bill, which took place during the Great Depression. “We were in the midst of the worst economic crisis in our history,” he says. “Roosevelt’s response to this economic crisis was to engage in a series of programs designed to manage a capitalist system in such a way as to make it work for the average American. And because he wasn’t particularly ideological, he was willing to try all kinds of things.”

Over the course of the Depression, Roosevelt was pushing through legislation and, beginning in May 1935, the Supreme Court began to strike down a number of the New Deal laws. “Over the next 13 months, the court struck down more pieces of legislation than at any other time in U.S. history,” Woolner says.

Roosevelt’s first New Deal program—in particular, its centerpiece, the National Recovery Administration, along with parts of the Agricultural Adjustment Act—had been struck down by unanimous and near-unanimous votes. This frustrated Roosevelt and got him thinking about adding justices to the court, says Peter Charles Hoffer, history professor at the University of Georgia and author of The Supreme Court: An Essential HistoryWhen he won the election of 1936 in a landslide, Roosevelt decided to float the plan.

It met instant opposition.

While it was never voted on in Congress, the Supreme Court justices went public in their opposition to it. And a majority of the public never supported the bill, either, says Barbara A. Perry, director of presidential studies at the University of Virginia’s Miller Center.

𠇌ongress and the people viewed FDR’s ill-considered proposal as an undemocratic power grab,” she says. “The chief justice (Charles Evans Hughes) testified before Congress that the Court was up to date in its work, countering Roosevelt’s stated purpose that the old justices needed help with their caseload.”

“It was never realistic that this plan would pass,” Perry says. “Roosevelt badly miscalculated reverence for the Court and its independence from an overreaching president.”


What is a section 125 plan?

Section 125 is a written plan that lets employees choose between qualifying benefits and cash. Employees receive benefits as pre-tax deductions. Employees, their spouses, and dependents can all benefit from section 125 plans.

With pre-tax benefits, you deduct the employee’s contribution before you withhold taxes, reducing their taxable income. Typically, the employee pays less in federal income and/or FICA (Social Security and Medicare) taxes. This also lowers your FUTA tax liability.

Think of a 125 plan like a cafeteria. In a cafeteria, individuals can pick the foods they want from the selection offered. Similarly, employees can pick the benefits they want in a section 125. This is why a section 125 benefit plan is also called a cafeteria plan.

What are section 125 deductions?

You must follow the section 125 guidelines when adding benefits to your cafeteria plan. Not all benefits are included under a section 125 cafeteria plan. The benefits allowed and not allowed in a cafeteria plan are taken from the list of fringe benefits found in IRS Publication 15-B.

For the most part, you cannot include a benefit that defers an employee’s pay. However, you can include certain types of 401(k) plans and life insurance plans maintained by educational institutions.

Here are the qualifying benefits you can include in your section 125 cafeteria plan document:

  • Accident and health benefits (not including Archer medical savings accounts)
  • Adoption assistance
  • Dependent care assistance
  • Group-term life insurance coverage (HSAs)

To determine which benefits are exempt from income, FICA, and FUTA taxes, use this chart:

Another type of benefit you can include in your cafeteria plan is a flexible spending account (FSA). However, there is a limit on these contributions. Employees can only contribute up to $2,750 to an FSA (2021 limits), or it is not considered a cafeteria plan.

These are the benefits you cannot include in your IRS section 125 plan:

  • Archer MSAs
  • Athletic facilities
  • De minimis (minimal) benefits
  • Educational assistance
  • Employee discounts
  • Employer-provided cell phones
  • Lodging on your business premises
  • Meals
  • Moving expense reimbursements
  • No-additional-cost services
  • Retirement planning services
  • Transportation (commuting) benefits
  • Tuition reduction
  • Working condition benefits

Plans favoring employees

If your plan favors highly compensated or key employees, you must include the value of the benefits they could have selected in their wages.

A highly compensated employee is someone who is an officer or shareholder owning more than 5% of the voting power. If someone meets these descriptions, their spouse or dependents are also considered highly compensated.

A key employee in 2021 is an officer who earns an annual pay of more than $185,000 or an employee who is either a 5% owner or a 1% owner who earns more than $150,000. If more than 25% of the nontaxable benefits you provide for all employees goes towards key employees, it favors them.

Simple cafeteria plans

Some businesses can offer a simple cafeteria plan to their employees. With a simple cafeteria plan, you don’t need to worry about favoring highly compensated or key employees. You must contribute benefits on behalf of each employee.

To offer a simple cafeteria plan, you have to qualify. If you employed an average of 100 or fewer employees during either of the two previous years or if you expect to employ an average of 100 or fewer employees in the current year, you are eligible.

Employees who worked at least 1,000 hours in the previous plan year are eligible. If you want, you can exclude employees who are under the age of 21, have worked for you for less than one year, are covered under a collective bargaining agreement, or are nonresident aliens who are paid outside the United States.

For employees included under your simple cafeteria plan, you must make the same contributions for each worker. You can choose from providing:

  • At least 2% of their compensation for the plan year
  • At least 6% of their compensation for the plan year or twice the amount of salary reduction contributions, whichever is less

For more information on simple cafeteria plans, consult the IRS.


The bike has a 5-speed transmission. Power was moderated via the wet, multiplate, hand operated.

It came with a 90/90-18 front tire and a 130/90-15 rear tire. Stopping was achieved via double disc in the front and a single disc in the rear. The front suspension was a telescopic forks while the rear was equipped with a twin oil damped adjustable shocks. The DD 125E-8 was fitted with a 3.7 Gallon (14.00 Liters) fuel tank. The bike weighed just 352.74 pounds (160.0 Kg). The wheelbase was 61.81 inches (1570 mm) long.


The Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000

For Developmental Disabilities Awareness Month, ACL is releasing a Spanish translation of the DD Act. The law funds programs across the country that support and empower people with developmental disabilities and their families.

Para el Mes de Concientización sobre las Discapacidades del Desarrollo, ACL está lanzando la traducción en español de La ley de Discapacidades del Desarrollo, “DD Act” (por sus iniciales en inglés). El DD Act financia programas en todo el país que apoyan y empoderan a las personas con discapacidades del desarrollo y sus familias.

About the DD Act

In every state and territory, programs authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act (DD Act) empower individuals with developmental disabilities and their families to help shape policies that impact them. DD Act programs conduct important research and test innovative new service delivery models. They work to bring the latest knowledge and resources to those who can put it to the best use, including self-advocates, families, service providers, and policymakers. DD Act programs also investigate cases of abuse and serve as advocates for individuals with developmental disabilities and their families.

Programs authorized by the DD Act and overseen by ACL's Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities include:

State Councils on Developmental Disabilities (Councils) work to address identified needs by conducting advocacy, systems change, and capacity building efforts that promote self-determination, integration, and inclusion. Key activities include conducting outreach, providing training and technical assistance, removing barriers, developing coalitions, encouraging citizen participation, and keeping policymakers informed about disability issues.

State Protection & Advocacy Systems (P&As) are dedicated to the ongoing fight for the personal and civil rights of individuals with developmental disabilities. P&As are independent of service-providing agencies within their states and work at the state level to protect individuals with developmental disabilities by empowering them and advocating on their behalf. P&As provide legal support to traditionally unserved or underserved populations to help them navigate the legal system to achieve resolution and encourage systems change.

University Centers for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities Education, Research & Service (UCEDDs) are unique among AIDD program grantees in that they are affiliated with universities, allowing them to serve as liaisons between academia and the community. UCEDDs are a nationwide network of independent but interlinked centers, representing an expansive national resource for addressing issues, finding solutions, and advancing research related to the needs of individuals with developmental disabilities and their families.

Projects of National Significance (PNS) efforts focus on the most pressing issues affecting people with developmental disabilities and their families, creating and enhancing opportunities for these individuals to contribute to, and participate in, all facets of community life. Through PNS, AIDD supports the development of national and state policy and awards grants and contracts that enhance the independence, productivity, inclusion, and integration of people with developmental disabilities.

Learn more about the history of the DD Act and the difference it has made for people with developmental disabilities and their families.


Lawry’s prime rib for $1.25 original Lawry’s celebrates 75 years

In 1938, Lawry’s the Prime Rib opened its original restaurant on La Cienega Boulevard on the edge of Beverly Hills. Fields of mustard grew along the street, which is now referred to as Restaurant Row, and the price of dinner — a thick-cut roast prime rib of beef au jus — was $1.25.

On June 11, the original Lawry’s (also the birthplace of Lawry’s seasoned salt) celebrates its 75th anniversary by offering prime rib at the same 1938 price: From 11 a.m. to 3 p.m., the first 1,000 customers pay $1.25 for the “Lawry cut” prime rib with Yorkshire pudding, mashed potatoes and a “Spinning Bowl” salad.

All proceeds from the event will be donated to AbilityFirst, a nonprofit organization benefiting adults and children with disabilities. (Guests also can donate part of their savings to the charity.)

Lawry’s, where slabs of prime rib are cut and served from a cart table-side, was the vision of Lawrence Frank and his brother-in-law, Walter Van de Kamp, who already had established the Van de Kamp’s bakery empire and Tam O’Shanter Inn. The Frank and Van de Kamp families still own Lawry’s, partly inspired by an English restaurant, Simpson’s-in-the-Strand, known for serving large cuts of meat from trolleys.

Frank had not visited Simpson’s prior to opening his own restaurant, said his grandson, Lawry’s Chief Executive Richard Frank. And that was fortunate, he said, because Simpson’s meat-cutting carts weren’t more than chafing dishes, “not impressive at all.” Meanwhile, Lawrence Frank came up with his own design — a gleaming Art Deco cart on wheels, 5 feet long and weighing 700 pounds. It’s the same design used today.

Much about Lawry’s has remained the same over the last several decades. Except in 1938 the Spinning Bowl salad — prepared by a server who spins a stainless bowl over ice in front of diners — “might not have had croutons,” said Frank.

Lawry’s opened with a full menu, but within six months every entree but prime rib had been taken off. There was the thick-cut prime rib and, for 50 cents more, the Diamond Jim Brady extra-thick cut. You could get prime rib steak with julienne potatoes, cold prime rib and prime rib hash with a fried or poached egg. The prime rib sandwich came on toasted French bread or rye. For dessert, there was apple pie with American cheese, fruit Jell-O or a quarter of a fresh pineapple served “Hawaiian style.”

According to the restaurant’s history, Lawry’s also was a pioneer of valet parking and the “doggy bag.”

By the mid-1940s, Lawry’s had outgrown its home in a former grocery store and moved across the street to where the Stinking Rose is currently located. The restaurant moved back across the street again in 1993 to the original property (which it owns) but in a newly constructed building with an expanded kitchen. During both moves, drivers on La Cienega might have witnessed the spectacle of a parade of Lawry’s employees rolling their carts across the street, aided by traffic police.

Many of its servers have been working in the restaurant for more than 30 years, wearing the same uniform, also known as the “Brown Gown.” Every employee in the company, no matter his or her title, refers to one another as “co-worker.” “People are very protective of the culture here,” Frank said.

Today, the Lawry’s on La Cienega is the most-booked reservation on Open Table in Los Angeles and Orange County. There are Lawry’s restaurants in Las Vegas Chicago Dallas Singapore Hong Kong Taipei, Taiwan and Tokyo and Osaka, Japan.

The key to its success? “We’re open to change, absolutely,” Frank said, “but fortunately we haven’t had to make many over time. My feeling has always been, as long as the restaurant is as popular as it’s ever been, why change?”


The i newsletter cut through the noise

What’s better than Ted Danson? Ted singing and Danson!

What did the the drummer call his twin daughters? Anna one, Anna two!

I bought some shoes from a drug dealer. I don’t know what he laced them with, but I was tripping all day!

What does a nosey pepper do? It gets jalapeño business!

What does a baby computer call his father? Data!

What do you call a bear without any teeth? A gummy bear!

Why did the golfer change his pants? Because he got a hole in one!

Does anyone need an ark? I Noah guy!

How do you make holy water? You boil the hell out of it.

I bought a ceiling fan the other day. Complete waste of money. He just stands there applauding and saying “Ooh, I love how smooth it is.”

What do you get when you cross a snowman with a vampire? Frostbite.

Why did Cinderella get kicked off the football team? Because she kept running from the ball!

What does a zombie vegetarian eat? “GRRRAAAIIINNNNS!”

What’s at the bottom of the ocean and shivers? A nervous wreck!

What’s the difference between a well dressed man on a unicycle and a poorly dressed man on a bike? Attire!

How many ears does Spock have? Three. The left ear, the right ear, and the final front-ear!

Why don’t they play poker in the jungle? Too many cheetahs!

How did Darth Vader know what Luke got him for Christmas? He felt his presents!

What time did the man go to the dentist? Tooth hurt-y!

What do you call someone with no body and no nose? Nobody knows!

What do you call a can opener that doesn’t work? A can’t opener!

How many tickles does it take to tickle an octopus? Tentacles!

What do prisoners use to call each other? Cell phones!

How does Moses make his tea? Hebrews it!

Want to hear a joke about a piece of paper? Never mind… it’s tearable.

I just watched a documentary about beavers. It was the best dam show I ever saw!

What did the janitor say when he jumped out of the closet? “Supplies!”

You know what the loudest pet you can get is? A trumpet.

Why shouldn’t you write with a broken pencil? Because it’s pointless!

Why did the scarecrow win an award? He was outstanding in his field.

What did the buffalo say when his son left? Bison!

Sometimes I tuck my knees into my chest and lean forward. That’s just how I roll.

A ham sandwich walks into a bar and orders a beer. The bartender says, “Sorry we don’t serve food here.”

What do you call a fish with no eye? Fsh!

When is your door not actually a door?When it’s actually ajar.

I was interrogated over the theft of a cheese toastie. Man, they really grilled me.

A communist joke isn’t funny… unless everyone gets it.

Why can’t you hear a Pterodactyl go to the bathroom? Because the pee is silent!

Cosmetic surgery used to be such a taboo subject. Now you can talk about Botox and nobody raises an eyebrow.

What do you call a man who can’t stand? Neil.

I used to have a job at a calendar factory but I got the sack because I took a couple of days off.

I’m thinking about removing my spine. I feel like it’s only holding me back.

Did you hear about the two thieves who stole a calendar? They each got six months.

I’m terrified of elevators… so I’m going to start taking steps to avoid them.

I used to hate facial hair… but then it grew on me.

Three fish are in a tank. One asks the others, “How do you drive this thing?”

Why don’t crabs donate? Because they’re shellfish.

What’s the best part about living in Switzerland? I don’t know, but the flag is a big plus.

Don’t worry if you miss a gym session. Everything will work out.

Ever tried to eat a clock? It’s time-consuming.

Why did Adele cross the road? To say hello from the other side.

Did you hear about the circus fire? It was in tents!

What’s red and bad for your teeth? A brick!

What do you call a deer with no eyes? No eyed deer!

What did the horse say after it tripped? “Help! I’ve fallen and I can’t giddyup!”

Why did Snoop Dogg need an umbrella? Fo’ Drizzle.

What goes down but doesn’t come up? A yo.

What did the pirate get on his report card? Seven Cs!

What’s Forrest Gump’s password? 1forrest1

I bought the world’s worst thesaurus yesterday. Not only is it terrible, it’s terrible.

What did the pirate say on his 80th birthday? Aye Matey.

What’s E.T. short for? Because he’s got little legs.

How many bugs do you need to rent out an apartment? Tenants.

Why are colds such bad robbers? Because they’re so easy to catch.

Why are cats bad storytellers? Because they only have one tale.

How do you organize a space-themed party? You planet.

What do you call a factory that sells passable products? A satisfactory!

I’m only familiar with 25 letters in the English language. I don’t know why!

Why did the invisible man turn down the job offer? He couldn’t see himself doing it.

How do you make a tissue dance? You put a little boogie in it.

What’s the difference between a tennis ball and the prince of Wales? One is heir to the throne and the other is thrown into the air.

Two antennas met on a roof, fell in love and got married. The ceremony wasn’t much, but the reception was excellent!

A jumper cable walks into a bar. The bartender says, “I’ll serve you, but don’t start anything.”

What do you call cheese that isn’t yours? Nacho Cheese.

Two cannibals are eating a clown. One says to the other: “Does this taste funny to you?”

I went to buy some camouflage trousers the other day but I couldn’t find any.

What did one ocean say to the other ocean? Nothing, they just waved!

What do you get from a pampered cow? Spoiled milk!

Why is 6 scared of 7? Because 7 ate 9 and 10!

What do you call a boomerang that doesn’t come back? A stick!

Why did the golfer wear two pairs of pants? In case he gets a hole in one!

Have you heard the joke about the bed? It hasn’t been made up yet.

What do you call a fly without wings? A walk.

Did you hear about the Italian Chef that died? He pasta way.

Why did the coffee file a police report?It got mugged.

What did the grape do when he got stepped on? He let out a little wine.

Did you hear about the restaurant on the moon? Great food, no atmosphere.

How does a penguin build it’s house? Igloos it together.

What do you call an elephant that doesn’t matter? An irrelephant!

What do you call a fat psychic? A four-chin teller.

How do you find Will Smith in the snow?Follow the fresh prints.

The rotation of earth really makes my day.

Did you hear about the kidnapping at school? It’s fine, he woke up.

What did the clock do when it was hungry? It went back four seconds.

I used to work in a shoe recycling shop. It was sole destroying.

I saw this advert in a window that said: “Television for sale, £1, volume stuck on full.” I thought, “I can’t turn that down.”

The shovel was a ground-breaking invention.

What did the left butt cheek say to the right butt cheek? You crack me up!

What do you call a person in a tree with a briefcase? A branch manager!

What did Mario say when he broke up with Princess Peach? It’s not you, it’s a-me, Mario!

What did the fried rice say to the shrimp? Don’t wok away from me!

When does a joke become a dad joke? When it becomes apparent!

What did the Buddhist say to the hot dog vendor? Make me one with everything!

Why didn’t the astronaut come home to his wife? He needed his space!

Why do cow-milking stools only have three legs? ‘Cause the cow’s got the udder!

Have you heard the one about the corduroy pillow? It’s making headlines.

I’m friends with 25 letters of the alphabet. I don’t know why.

Just received a card full of rice. It’s from Uncle Ben.

Local man killed by falling piano. It will be a low key funeral.

The last thing grandpa said before he kicked the bucket? How far do you think I can kick this bucket.

I once had a teacher with a lazy eye. She couldn’t control her pupils.

And finally the 10 cringiest dad jokes as voted by the public revealed by thortful.com

1. My wife says I never listen. Funny way to start a conversation if you ask me

2. My son asked me to stop singing Oasis songs in public. I said maybe

3. "My wife is furious that our next-door neighbour has started sunbathing nude in her garden. Personally, I’m on the fence."

4. When the wife finds out I have replaced our bed with a trampoline. she's going to hit the roof.

5. My wife said i never buy her flowers. I didn't even know she sold flowers.

6. I went for an interview. They said, “Can you perform under pressure?” I said “I’m not sure about that but I can have a good crack at Bohemian Rhapsody”

7. "My wife told me to take the spider out instead of killing him. Went out. Had a few drinks. Nice guy. He’s a web designer."

8. I told my wife she should embrace her mistakes. She gave me a hug.

9. Today, my son asked, "Can I have a book mark?" and I burst into tears. 11 years old and he still doesn't know my name is John.

10. Been out washing the car with my son. He said Dad why don’t you use a sponge like the other dads?


Diagnosis

HISTORY

Patients with an adnexal mass may present with varying symptoms. A woman with abdominal or pelvic pain, vaginal bleeding, and positive pregnancy test may have an ectopic pregnancy. A patient who develops sudden onset of severe, intermittent, and unilateral pain associated with nausea and vomiting may have ovarian torsion. Patients presenting with these symptoms require immediate attention because this can be a medical or surgical emergency. Pelvic pain with a more gradual onset associated with fever, nausea, emesis, or purulent vaginal discharge may indicate pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or a tubo-ovarian abscess. Patients with dyspareunia and pain worsening with menses may have an endometrioma. Dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia may indicate a leiomyoma rather than an ovarian mass. Patients presenting with oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea, or menorrhagia associated with obesity and hirsutism may have polycystic ovary syndrome. Midcycle pain suggests ovulation or mittelschmerz. A ruptured follicular or corpus luteum cyst may present with pain after intercourse. Premenarchal or postmenopausal bleeding may suggest a granulosa cell tumor.

Risk factors for ovarian cancer include age older than 60 years early menarche late menopause nulliparity infertility personal history of breast or colon cancer and family history of breast, colon, or ovarian cancer. A careful history should detail gynecologic and systemic symptoms, particularly those associated with life-threatening conditions, symptoms related to other underlying disorders, and menstrual history. Patients have few unique symptoms in early-stage ovarian cancer, but they often have nonspecific symptoms ( Table 2 ). Because of the paucity of specific early symptoms, two thirds of women have advanced disease at the time of diagnosis.1 The most common symptoms reported by women with ovarian cancer are pelvic or abdominal pain increased abdominal size bloating urinary urgency, frequency, or incontinence difficulty eating and weight loss. Abdominal fullness and pressure back pain and lack of energy may also be prominent symptoms.10 , 12 , 13 These vague symptoms are present for months in up to 93 percent of persons with ovarian cancer.14 Persons with benign masses may also report these symptoms. Further evaluation is warranted if any of these symptoms occur daily for more than two weeks or if they fail to respond to appropriate therapy.15

Clinical Aspects of Selected Causes of Adnexal Masses

Lower abdominal (usually unilateral and severe) or pelvic pain

Adnexal mass or tenderness hypotension tachycardia

Blood type and Rh CBC quantitative β-hCG

Abnormal uterine bleeding dyspareunia worsening pain with menses

Adnexal mass or tenderness tenderness over uterosacral ligaments

Abdominal mass uterine enlargement

Transabdominal or transvaginal ultrasonography

Abdominal fullness and pressure back pain bloating constipation difficulty eating early satiety fatigue increased abdominal size indigestion lack of energy pelvic or abdominal pain urinary urgency, frequency, or incontinence weight loss

Abdominal or adnexal mass ascites lymphadenopathy nodularity of uterosacral ligaments pleural effusion

Cancer antigen 125 inhibin A and B (if granulosa cell tumor) serum α-fetoprotein (if germ cell tumor) quantitative β-hCG (if germ cell tumor)

Transabdominal or transvaginal ultrasonography computed tomography of the head, chest, and abdomen (to rule out metastasis)

Lower abdominal (usually unilateral and severe) or pelvic pain

Abdominal or adnexal tenderness

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Fever lower abdominal or pelvic pain nausea vaginal discharge vomiting

Abdominal or adnexal tenderness cervical motion fever tenderness vaginal discharge

CBC cervical cultures chlamydia or gonorrhea testing wet mount

Fever lower abdominal or pelvic pain nausea vaginal discharge, vomiting

Abdominal or adnexal tenderness fever vaginal discharge

CBC cervical cultures chlamydia or gonorrhea testing wet mount

CBC = complete blood count C-hCG = beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin .

Clinical Aspects of Selected Causes of Adnexal Masses

Lower abdominal (usually unilateral and severe) or pelvic pain

Adnexal mass or tenderness hypotension tachycardia

Blood type and Rh CBC quantitative β-hCG

Abnormal uterine bleeding dyspareunia worsening pain with menses

Adnexal mass or tenderness tenderness over uterosacral ligaments

Abdominal mass uterine enlargement

Transabdominal or transvaginal ultrasonography

Abdominal fullness and pressure back pain bloating constipation difficulty eating early satiety fatigue increased abdominal size indigestion lack of energy pelvic or abdominal pain urinary urgency, frequency, or incontinence weight loss

Abdominal or adnexal mass ascites lymphadenopathy nodularity of uterosacral ligaments pleural effusion

Cancer antigen 125 inhibin A and B (if granulosa cell tumor) serum α-fetoprotein (if germ cell tumor) quantitative β-hCG (if germ cell tumor)

Transabdominal or transvaginal ultrasonography computed tomography of the head, chest, and abdomen (to rule out metastasis)

Lower abdominal (usually unilateral and severe) or pelvic pain

Abdominal or adnexal tenderness

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Fever lower abdominal or pelvic pain nausea vaginal discharge vomiting

Abdominal or adnexal tenderness cervical motion fever tenderness vaginal discharge

CBC cervical cultures chlamydia or gonorrhea testing wet mount

Fever lower abdominal or pelvic pain nausea vaginal discharge, vomiting

Abdominal or adnexal tenderness fever vaginal discharge

CBC cervical cultures chlamydia or gonorrhea testing wet mount

CBC = complete blood count C-hCG = beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin .

The medical history should include information about tubal ligation or other tubal surgery, PID, or use of an intrauterine device because these are risk factors for ectopic pregnancy. Physicians should inquire about family history of ovarian, endometrial, breast, or colon cancer. Hereditary cancer syndromes occur in less than 0.1 percent of the population, and they comprise less than 10 percent of patients with ovarian cancer.16 Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, an autosomal dominant genetic disorder, increases the risk of gastrointestinal, urologic, ovarian, and endometrial cancers. Several characteristics are associated with BRCA1 mutations, including Ashkenazi Jewish heritage, young age at breast cancer diagnosis, bilateral breast cancer, family history of breast and ovarian cancer, multiple cases of breast cancer in the family, and a male family member with breast cancer. Patients with any of these risk factors are at increased risk of ovarian malignancy.

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION

Based on the nature of adnexal masses, a physical examination may not be useful. Women exhibiting pelvic or lower abdominal symptoms should undergo a targeted examination based on their presenting condition ( Table 2 ). Women with nonspecific abdominal or pelvic symptoms, particularly those that do not respond to conservative therapy and that persist for more than a few weeks, should be thoroughly evaluated. The examination should include vital signs and a general assessment. The cervical, supraclavicular, axillary, and inguinal lymph nodes should be palpated. Chest auscultation should be done to evaluate for pleural effusion.10 A detailed abdominal examination should be performed to assess for ascites, masses, tenderness, hepatosplenomegaly, or increased girth. Pelvic examination, including speculum examination, should be done. A bimanual examination can assess the size, tenderness, location, consistency, and mobility of the uterus and both adnexa. A rectovaginal examination may reveal tenderness or nodularity of the uterosacral ligaments.

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends against routine screening for ovarian cancer, including use of transvaginal ultrasonography, cancer antigen (CA) 125 level, and screening pelvic examination.17 In a review of five studies assessing the reliability of pelvic examination to detect an adnexal mass, the pooled sensitivity was 0.45 and the pooled specificity was 0.90. Recalculating the data and including only screening studies revealed a pooled sensitivity of 0.58 and specificity of 0.98.18 With a prevalence of 2 percent, the positive predictive value of bimanual examination in detection of an adnexal mass is 37 percent and the negative predictive value is 99 percent.18

LABORATORY EVALUATION

A urine pregnancy test should be performed in any woman of reproductive age who presents with an adnexal mass. If the pregnancy test is positive, a quantitative beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) level and transvaginal ultrasonography should be obtained. If the quantitative β-hCG level is greater than 2,000 mIU per mL (2,000 IU per L) and no intrauterine pregnancy is visible on transvaginal ultrasonography, an ectopic pregnancy should be suspected.19

A complete blood count with differential is useful if PID or tubo-ovarian abscess is suspected. Patients with these conditions usually have an elevated white blood cell count with a predominance of neutrophils. A low hematocrit in a premenopausal woman could indicate an ectopic pregnancy, abnormal uterine bleeding (e.g., menorrhagia, metrorrhagia), or a blood dyscrasia. In a postmenopausal woman, a low hematocrit may be caused by colon cancer or anemia of chronic disease.

Several tumor markers exist that may be helpful in the evaluation of patients with adnexal masses ( Table 2 ). CA 125 is an antigenic determinant found in benign and malignant conditions ( Table 3 ). CA 125 level should not be used as a screening tool or when a mass is not identified,17 and should not be routinely used during the diagnostic workup of an adnexal mass in a premenopausal patient.20 On the other hand, CA 125 level should be drawn in a postmenopausal patient with an adnexal mass to guide treatment options.21 A value greater than 35 U per mL should prompt further evaluation.21 CA 125 levels are elevated in 80 percent of epithelial ovarian cancers. Only 50 percent of stage I cancers have elevated CA 125 levels.22 CA 125 levels are ordered preoperatively. If ovarian cancer is diagnosed, CA 125 level is used to monitor the patient's response postoperatively. If a granulosa cell tumor is suspected, inhibin A and B levels are followed postoperatively. If germ cell tumors are suspected, serum α-fetoprotein and quantitative β-hCG levels should be obtained.


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