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Pythia Timeline

Pythia Timeline


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  • c. 800 BCE

    The site of Delphi first acquires a religious significance.

  • 560 BCE

    The oracles of Delphi and Thebes both tell King Croesus of Lydia that if he attacks the Medes, he will destroy a great empire. Seeing this as a good omen, he goes to war, loses, and the Lydian Empire is destroyed.

  • 393 CE

    Last prophecy of the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi, after Roman Emperor Theodosius ordered the closure of all "pagan" sanctuaries.


This is a Time Line of Ancient Gallifrey. It's dating system is based off the Gallifreyan year (which is the same as Earth's). Year Zero is the year that (according to Doctor Who Magazine) Rassilon created the Eye of Harmony. According to the FASA Role-Playing Game this happened 23 years after Omega's death. According to "Christmas on a Rational Planet" all of this happened around 3,500,000,000 BC.

The following information contains many spoilers.



-- (before the beginning of all beginnings / before the Universe began / before Time)
Only two forces exist - Good (light / positive) and Evil (dark / negative). At this point there were no names for these forces. The Time Lords, including the Doctor (up until The Satan Pit), incorrectly believe it is impossible for any life to exist at this point.

-- (during the fires of creation / before any of the other Elder Gods come into being)
Moloch is born. By the time of the Doctor, he will become the most powerful of the Elder Gods. He is a god of chaos but will ally himself with Wayland against Fenric.

-- (before Time, Light, Space, and Matter / before the Cataclysm, / before the Doctor's Universe)
The Disciples of Light feared that the legions of the Beast would bring night to the Universe. So they fought a massive battle with all Evil, in the form of the Beast. The Disciples might have been the blue-skinned Pwccm. According to legend, they provided the Beast with poisoned food in the form of the Bitter Pill, which it ate. Afterwards the Beast was imprisoned in the Pit which they named Krop Tor (Bitter Pill). This battle will create time, matter and life. Sometime between the Time of Legend (when the Time Lords invent black holes) and the Humanian Era the planet Krop Tor be put in orbit of the black hole K-37 Gem 5. The black hole it orbits is said by some to be alive and that it has tried to consume Krop Tor many times. The Beast has a son named Abaddon who will eventually be trapped beneath the Cardiff Rift.

-50,000,000,000 (50 billion years before Modern Gallifrey / Before the formation of the Multiverse)
The Cataclysm?: The battle between the Disciples of Light and the Beast creates the first Big Bang resulting in a Ur-Universe. Time is born as is matter and space and life. The forces of Good and Evil shatter largely negating each other and leaving only echoes. This Universe was “open” and expanded until heat death and beyond. secondary universes bud off from the Ur-Universe. The Ur- Universe is like a series of Russian dolls. Inside each universe is another one. This budding process is probably an act of deliberate creation by sentient beings. It occurs throughout the Ur-Universe, producing a sea of isolated universes. The Prime Universe (of the Doctor) is the Third Universe. The planet Quinnis can be found in the Fourth Universe. The Fourth Universe doesn't run parallel to the Third, and its time time tracks cross at an angle. These secondary universes can be accessed using Closed Vacuum Embodiments (CVEs). While naturally occurring CVE are one of the rarest phenomenon in the Prime Universe, hidden artificially created CVE portholes are more common. The lifeforms, called Intercreationals, are composed of these universes exist and in this sea. These Swimmers are far more powerful than Chronovores (and Guardians) and can destroy universes by touching them.

“Always the same.”
-The Doctor

?? Event 0 - A random fluctuation of energy creates a Big Bang, which produces the Normal-Space Universe. This Universe begins collapsing and expanding over billions of years. One of the physical constants of this universe might be the Doctor as he appears in several very different Universes that were spawned at the same time as this one. The Doctor may be a living equation or elemental function of the Universe. His unconscious probably has slight effects on the biodata everyone around him. It should be noted the Cybermen, the Brigadier, Liz Shaw, Benton, and the Daleks all appear in other universes and thus are also constants. No matter how many times history is changed these constants will alway appear in some form. Its possible that the Doctor is the natural balancing agent for the Daleks - a predator to keep them in check. The fact that Elizabeth Klien shares so many similarities to Elizabeth Shaw in various timelines might be significant. The prime timeline is the only timeline to have a version of Iris Wildthyme. The Great Old One, Fenric, believed that the Doctor was a Great Old One. The Master of the Land of Fiction describes the Doctor as ageless and outside the bounds of space and time. The High Eternal Death thinks that there might be something unnatural about the Doctor that will keep him from ever falling into her clutches. Probability seems to always ensure that the Doctor will survive not matter what danger he faces. The Kingmaker claims that the Doctor is able to transcend death because ideas cannot die. This implies that the Doctor is conceptual entity. The Doctor exists in 3 forms: the Other, the Renegade, and Guardian of Justice and Morality. In every cycle the Universe goes through, the Doctor begins as the Other, becomes the Renegade, and eventually evolves into the Guardian of Justice and Morality.


Hastur the Unspeakable

-- (The Beginning of all Beginnings)
The echoes and memories of true Evil become anti-life impulses inherent in the new Universe. Hastur the Unspeakable (Fenric) is formed out of these impulses. This primal force of nature becomes a Great Old One and will be responsible for the creation of the Fendahl.

-- (The Time before Time)
The Seven Shadows are created. They will later be put into a flask and used to imprison Fenric.

-- After an unknown number of cycles, the gestalt entity known as the Nestene Consciousness or Shub-Niggurath comes into existence.

-- Rassilon believed that Raag, Nah, and Rok were responsible for the destruction/creation of several universes. These three would become the Guardians of the universe right before the current one.

-- The Shub-Niggurath (Nestene Consciousness) and perhaps other beings (probably Nyarlathotep) survived the creation of the previous Universe. In this Universe, space was green instead of black, and stars looked like giant doughnuts.

-- (the Universe before the current one)
The Archons evolved from underwater aquatic species that used echo location. They speak using the language of Quantum Mnemonics. The Archons ruled the previous Universe. There are Time Lords in this universe. The Shub-Niggurath becomes the Director of the CIA of this Universe's Time Lords. She holds sway over this universe.

-- (in the Universe before the current one / a long long time before the birth of the current universe)
Using the power of astrology, the Ancient Lights control many of the species and worlds in this Universe. The Mandragora Helix is one of the Ancient Lights.

-12,000,010,000 (10,000 years before the Cathedral was built)
The Grey Man's People (probably the future Guardians) observe the evolution of the First Humanoids in a star system 30,000,000,000 light years from where Sol will be.

-12,000,000,000 (15 billion years before the 20th century)
The first humanoid civilization destroys itself. In response, the Grey Man builds the Cathedral Metahedron. Given when all this happens, it appears that the Cathedral will survive into the next universe.

-- A war breaks out involving the previous Daleks and the previous Key to Time. Realizing that the end of this Universe is upon them, the Old Time Lords of the previous universe shunt themselves into a parallel universe (with a slightly longer lifespan) to escape this destruction. The Archons watch the Universe die. They become the Great Old Ones. None of them remember the previous Universe. The sentient void left in the old universe will become the Dark when it reforms (after the Big Bang).

-10,000,000,000 (13, 500,017,903 BC / about 13 billion years before the 20th Century / pretty close to exactly 10,000,000,000 years before the Qqaba mission / at least 3 or 4 cycles after the Shub-Niggurath appear existence)
Event 1 - At the end of the War, three of the Guardians of this Universe (who will become the Gods of Ragnarok) caused the end of the Universe by creating instabilities in one of the engines of a massive Timestation. This Time Station has a Main Space Time Element (the Heart of a TARDIS) that is virtually identical to the one in TARDIS and probably belongs to the Old Time Lords of the previous Universe. In response to the instabilities, the Timestation's single large humanoid pilot ejects fuel from the unstable engine. This ejected fuel is a condensed monoblock of matter that detonates when another timeship (from the next Universe), named the Vipod Mor, materializes at its center. This detonation creates the Big Bang. The universe expands out of the monoblock singularity. There is a massive inflation that lasts less than a millionth of a second. The Big Bang knocks the Timestation into the future and leaves it floating at the precise center of the Universe (so very near Gallifrey's system). Mutter's Stellian Spiral Galaxy will form around the Timestation and it will later be given the name Terminus by Terminus Incorporated. The Time Lords will refer to the Big Bang as the Kinetic Dance.
Note: the idea that the Timestation came from the previous Universe is emphasized in the script for Terminus.

-10,000,000,000 (moments after the Big Bang / Archons existed at the beginning of time)
The Great Old Ones enter this new Universe through the Blind Idiot God of Chaos known as Azathoth (a sentient black hole), aka Ezu, the Gate of a Million Spheres. The Great Old Ones known as the Archons emerge to watch the Universe's rebirth in a blast of music and light. Using the language of Quantum Mnemonics, the Great Old Ones discover they have amazing powers in this universe. Using this language they could re-write reality and even bring about the destruction of this universe. However, the rules of their game prevent them from interfering with lesser species directly. As time advances from the destruction of their original universe, the laws of relativity increase the lifespan of these elder - effectively making them immortal. They are also very resistant to almost any phenomenon in this new Universe.

-10,000,000,000 (the start of the Universe)
The Council of Eight has Sabbath seed an intelligence into the formation of the Universe. This intelligence becomes part of the fabric of the Universe, and gives the Council the ability to map out all of history after the fall of Gallifrey.

-10,000,000,000 (In the beginning / pre-time / pre-everything / after matter and energy were in exisitance)
The Universe can't settle down to manifiest laws and elements because of the presence of the Soletract. The Soletract was a conciousness, and energy that was inherently antithetical to the new Universe. The forces of the Universe exiled the the Soletract to a separate 'unreachable' plane ot existance. This allows the Universe to begin making sense and function. Soletract's plane would be destablized and corrupted if to many sapient beings from Normal Space were to visit it. Many Time Lords theorize that Vampire Yssgaroth weren't a species, but a side effect of two incompatible continual strata trying to coexist. It is quite possible that this Soletract Plane is the dark universe in the Vortex's Under-History. If so, that would mkae the Soletract the unwitting source of the Yssgaroth and their vampire children.

-10,000,000,000 (right after the Big Bang)
The 11 dimensions begin to solidify from the chaos. The three spatial (dimensions 1-3) and two temporal dimensions (4-5) form first. The remaining 6 dimensions curled up to become the Six-Fold Realm (aka Calabai-Yau Space). The Space-Time Vortex (dimension 5) originally known as the Astral Plane. Two of the dimensions might be named Possibility and Imagination. Ionic energy can convert fiction into reality and vice versa. The realities of other dimensions can manifest themselves in the Normal-Space universe as works of fiction. There are 4 forces in the universe, Gravity, Electromagnetism, Strong Nuclear, and Weak Nuclear. It is the Weak Nuclear Force which allows the existence of the 5th Dimension. Causality is largely structureless at this point and some minor paradoxes form within the first picosecond of the Universe's existence. Three minutes after the Big Bang the universe cooled to the point where nuclear fusion begins creating the first hydrogen and helium nuclei. The Anti-Matter Universe has existed since the beginning of Time. It can only be reached via the singularity at the heart of a black star or by crossing certain barriers at the edge of the Universe. The Great Desolation is the area of space at the edge of the Universe, and is described as where mythological beings go to die. Almost no one has ever returned from the Great Desolation. The Universe has 9 such corners. The Universe will continue to expand for billions of years. Any attempt by someone in the current Universe to travel back in time to the previous Universe will end with the traveler being trapped in a formless, timeless dimension.


Contents

What little has actually been established on screen, arranged roughly in chronological order, is as follows:

Before Time Lord society was founded, Gallifrey was inhabited by an indigenous species called Shobogans. Tecteun, a Shobogan scientist and explorer, helped develop space travel and the Shobogans began to explore the universe. During her travels, Tecteun found a gateway on a distant planet, said to be the boundary to another dimension, and discovered an abandoned child. After an accident, the child (who would come to be known as "The Timeless Child") was shown to possess the unique genetic ability to repair damage and even survive death by rewriting their entire physiology. Tecteun experimented on the child and was eventually able to replicate this ability among a subset of the population who would go on to become the Time Lords, granting them the power of regeneration. Using a chameleon arch, the Timeless Child had its memory wiped and its regenerative abilities limited, becoming a seemingly-ordinary Time Lord who would eventually become the renegade known as The Doctor. This account was redacted and its records in the Matrix obscured, with Rassilon taking credit for regeneration and Tecteun disappearing into obscurity as the mysterious figure in Time Lord mythology sometimes referred to as "The Other".

The Time Lords became the masters of time travel. Many years later, one of their number, the scientist Omega, created an energy source to power their experiments in time. [25] To this end, Omega used a stellar manipulation device, the Hand of Omega, to rework a nearby star into a new form to serve as that source. [26] Unfortunately, the star flares into a supernova, then collapses into a black hole. Omega is thought killed in the explosion, but somehow survives in an antimatter universe beyond the black hole's singularity. [25]

The founder of Time Lord society, however, and its most revered figure, is Rassilon. Rassilon's name is used frequently throughout Time Lord legend and culture, and is applied to many artifacts of power. Rassilon takes a singularity (assumed by fans and the spin-off media [ vague ] [ citation needed ] to be the same one as Omega's) and places it beneath the Time Lords' citadel on Gallifrey. This perfectly balanced Eye of Harmony then serves as the power source for their civilisation as well as their time machines. [27]

The early part of Time Lord history is known as the Dark Time, when the first Time Lords abuse their powers over time by manipulating lesser species. Among these abuses is the use of the Time Scoop to abduct beings from throughout history to participate in gladiatorial games (with the exception of such races as Daleks and Cybermen who "play the game too well" and are thus considered too dangerous to be used) in an area of Gallifrey known as the Death Zone. [28]

During his rule, Rassilon leads the Time Lords in a war against the Great Vampires, a war so horrific that the Time Lords forswear violence from that point on. The weapons used by the Time Lords against the vampires in that war include Bowships that fired giant bolts through the Great Vampires' hearts. The Doctor encounters a surviving vampire in E-Space in the serial State of Decay. [29]

Eventually, Rassilon dies, or is deposed contradictory legends surround his demise. His body is placed in the Dark Tower in the Death Zone, which becomes known as the Tomb of Rassilon. [28]

Over 4.6 billion years prior to 2007 AD, the Time Lords wipe out the Racnoss. The surviving Racnoss escape in their ship, which drifts into the Solar System and eventually forms the core of the planet Earth. [30]

At some point in their history the Time Lords interact with the civilisation of the planet Minyos, giving them advanced technology. This has disastrous results, with the Minyans destroying themselves in a series of nuclear wars. [31]

Apparently as a result of this, the Time Lords adopt an official policy of neutrality and non-interference, acting only as observers save in cases of great injustice. [ citation needed ] However, given the existence of the Celestial Intervention Agency and of renegade Time Lords such as the Doctor, the Master, the Meddling Monk, the Rani and the War Chief, the policy seems to have frequently been breached (although it has been mentioned that such interference by 'renegades' carries the Death penalty). [ original research? ] [ citation needed ]

The Time War Edit

Much of the revived series features arcs touching on the Time War and the supposed destruction of Gallifrey.

In "The End of the World" (2005), the Ninth Doctor reveals that Gallifrey has been destroyed in a "war" his people lost and that he is the last of the Time Lords. [32] In "Dalek" (2005), the Ninth Doctor further reveals that the "Last Great Time War" involved the Dalek race and the Time Lords, and that both sides were obliterated in the final battle. [33] Executive producer Russell T Davies wrote in issue #356 of Doctor Who Magazine that the Time War in the series and the one in the novels are unrelated. [34]

In "The Satan Pit" (2006), the Beast identifies the Tenth Doctor as "[t]he killer of his own kind." [35] In "The Sound of Drums" (2007), the Tenth Doctor confirms his involvement in killing all of the Time Lords when he says that he was the only one that could end the War and that he had tried "everything". [9] In "The Stolen Earth" (2008), the Tenth Doctor reveals that the entire Time War is "time locked", which means it is theoretically impossible to enter. [36]

The 2009–2010 two-part special "The End of Time" reveals more about the conclusion of the Time War. The Time Lords are depicted as planning on eradicating the material universe in order to win the war, hoping to live on as beings of pure consciousness, in a manoeuvre Rassilon dubs "the Final Sanction". The Time Lord High Council is warned that the Doctor that fought in the Time War is in possession of a weapon called "the Moment" and is willing to use it to prevent this happening. When the Master opens the time lock of the War, the Time Lords intend to carry out the Final Sanction, until the Tenth Doctor and the Master together reseal the events of the Time War within the lock. Rassilon describes Time Lord history in this story as having lasted "a billion years" up until the end of the Time War. [37]

"The Day of the Doctor" (2013) shows these last days from the point of view of the War Doctor, the incarnation of the Doctor born at that time. The Moment, itself sentient, brings the War Doctor into his own future where he meets the Tenth and Eleventh Doctors, and together, they are able to freeze Gallifrey and the Time Lords in time and put them into a "parallel pocket universe", causing the Daleks to destroy themselves. However, because of the time streams being out of sync, the War Doctor realises this means that he will still have to live the memory of burning Gallifrey, even though he actually tried to save it. [38]

The Return of Gallifrey Edit

In "The Time of the Doctor" (2013), the Time Lords reach out to the universe through a crack in time on the planet Trenzalore, broadcasting the message "Doctor who?" through time and space to draw the Doctor in. They also send through a truth field so that when the Doctor arrives he will say his real name, with the field making sure it's the real one, which will be a signal for them to return. As "half the universe" are at Trenzalore waiting for this, the Eleventh Doctor refuses as it will restart the Time War. When a very old and frail Doctor goes to meet his demise at the hands of the Daleks, Clara Oswald begs the Time Lords through the crack to intervene, and the Time Lords grant the Doctor a new regeneration cycle through the crack before closing it, changing the Doctor's future and allowing him to defeat the Daleks and save Trenzalore. [39]

In "Hell Bent" (2015), Gallifrey is revealed to have come back from the pocket universe it was frozen in and exists at the end of the universe. The Twelfth Doctor, backed by Gallifrey's armed forces, deposes and banishes Rassilon from Gallifrey as revenge for the Doctor's imprisonment, and shortly afterwards runs away by stealing a TARDIS from beneath the Capitol's Cloisters. [14]

In "Spyfall" (2020), the Master reveals that he returned to Gallifrey, slaughtered the population and devastated the planet in his rage over discovering the truth about the Time Lord's origins and the identity of the Timeless Child. Later, in "The Timeless Children" (2020), the Master lures the Thirteenth Doctor back to Gallifrey, opening a path for the Cybermen to invade and convert the bodies of deceased Time Lords to create CyberMasters - a subrace of Cybermen capable of regeneration. The Doctor, after being shown the truth about their past, plants an explosive in the Citadel, seemingly destroying the CyberMasters and the Master.

Ancient history Edit

New Adventures Edit

Of the many, sometimes contradictory, accounts of Time Lord history, the most developed single vision may have been [ according to whom? ] seen in the licensed spin-offs, in particular the Virgin New Adventures and Virgin Missing Adventures novels and, to a lesser degree of consistency, their successors, the BBC Books Doctor Who novels. [ citation needed ]

The Virgin novels, [ vague ] [ which? ] [ citation needed ] and by extension the BBC novels, [ vague ] [ which? ] [ citation needed ] took heavily from the so-called "Cartmel Masterplan" devised by former Doctor Who script editor Andrew Cartmel, which was supposed to explain the Doctor's origins and his ties to Gallifrey's ancient history. [ citation needed ] Elements of the Masterplan [ vague ] were supposed to be revealed over the course of Cartmel's tenure on the series, but ultimately, as the programme ceased production in 1989, only hints of it [ vague ] surfaced in Seasons 25 and 26 and were never made explicit. [ citation needed ]

According to the novels, [ citation needed ] some millions of years ago the planet Gallifrey is home to a civilisation that can see all of the past and future. Ancient Gallifrey is also a matriarchy, ruled over by a mystical religion consisting of a cult built around the Pythia, a great and powerful priestess. Among the ancient Gallifreyans are time-sensitives, marked by their red hair, who pilot early Gallifreyan time machines. Rassilon is rumoured to have been one of these time pilots, who are known as Heroes (as much a title as a term of adulation). Rassilon, as a scientist, opposes the religious and monarchical power wielded by the Pythia. [ citation needed ]

Gallifrey begins its wars against the Great Vampires during this period. Rassilon commands a fleet of Bowships that wins the first war and his rationalist movement gains popular and political support as a result. [ citation needed ]

The rule of the Pythia is finally overthrown by Rassilon and two other scientists, Omega and "the Other", a mysterious figure whose actual name has been lost to history. This marks the start of the Intuitive Revolution, turning Gallifrey into a society based on rationality and a republic with an elected President, although a caste system remains. The three are ultimately responsible for Gallifrey's move towards a purely scientific society. [ citation needed ]

However, when overthrown the Pythia curses the people with sterility before casting herself into an abyss. The curse results in the still birth that night of every unborn child on Gallifrey, including Rassilon's own son. Persecuted, her priestesses and acolytes flee to a nearby planet where they become the Sisterhood of Karn. [40] [ additional citation(s) needed ]

The Pythia's curse forces Rassilon to find a new way to reproduce, leading him to create the Looms, cloning machines that can create new Gallifreyans to replace the dead. The Looms are eventually incorporated into great Houses of Cousins, to regulate the population levels and organise the new society. Time Lords are born fully grown from the Looms, although they still need to be educated. [ citation needed ] Though with the stories, flashbacks and depictions of the Doctor and Master as children, [9] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] mentions of both the Doctor and the Master having parents, [49] [50] [51] the Doctor being a self-described father or dad, [52] [53] [54] the Master mentioning a daughter, [55] the appearance of children on Gallifrey during the Time War, [38] and the Eleventh Doctor describing a cot he brings out of the TARDIS as where he once slept, [56] the idea of the fully grown Time Lord as well as the Looms is questionable.

Rassilon, with the assistance of Omega and the Other, applies transdimensional engineering to the creation of TARDIS technology. Omega then proceeds to concentrate completely on his time travel experiments. The Other's role is unclear, but he seems to have held the alliance between Rassilon and Omega together, and is a part of the project that produces the Hand of Omega. Omega uses the Hand on the star Qqaba (named in the comic strip Star Death by Alan Moore, DWM #47 and the novel The Infinity Doctors by Lance Parkin), and vanishes, presumed dead, in the resulting supernova which creates the Eye of Harmony. Rassilon then takes control of both the Eye and Gallifreyan society, and the Time Lords are now able to live up to their name. [ citation needed ]

Eventually, Rassilon's rule becomes dictatorial and reaches the point where he becomes obsessed with implementing his reforms and preserving Gallifreyan society as he sees it before the end of his life. Despite the Other's protests, bloody purges begin, and Rassilon begins to dabble in immortality. Meanwhile, knowing that Rassilon will hold his family hostage to secure his cooperation, the Other tells his granddaughter Susan to go into hiding. He then literally throws himself into the Looms, disintegrating and spreading his genetic code into the machines. [ citation needed ]

A year later, the Doctor arrives in his "borrowed" TARDIS from Gallifrey's future and discovers Susan on the streets of the city, where she has been living since failing to make it off-world. Somehow, Susan recognises him as her grandfather and he also knows her name. The Doctor then leaves Gallifrey's past, taking Susan with him into his exile. [ citation needed ] Many of the novels (especially Lungbarrow and The Infinity Doctors) [57] [58] have implied that the Doctor may be the Other, genetically reincarnated from the Looms. [note 2]

Rassilon, now absolute ruler of Gallifrey, leads the Time Lords in further wars against the Great Vampires and other otherdimensional beings released because of the use of time travel, whom he considers dangerous to the universe. Aside from the Bowships, the Time Lords also use N-Forms, extra-dimensional war machines developed by the Patrexes chapter that attack planets where they detected the presence of vampires. The Doctor encounters a reactivated N-form in the Virgin New Adventures novel Damaged Goods, by Russell T Davies. [59]

The novels Goth Opera by Paul Cornell, [60] and Blood Harvest by Terrance Dicks, [61] suggest that Rassilon becomes a vampire himself to attain eternal life, a belief shared by a Gallifreyan cult also seen in Cornell's comic strip story Blood Invocation. [62]

Eventually, the Pythia's curse is lifted with the arrival of the Fourth Doctor's companion Leela on Gallifrey. Leela falls in love and marries a Gallifreyan, Andred, [63] and at the conclusion of the novel Lungbarrow is pregnant — the first naturally conceived child on Gallifrey for millennia. [57]

Big Finish Productions Edit

In the Big Finish Productions audio play Zagreus, a historical simulation shows the existence of a vampiric race connected with Gallifrey which Rassilon destroys in his purges. [64]

The Big Finish Productions audio play Gallifrey: The Inquiry reveals further details of the Time Lord encounter with the Minyans: it is actually the secret test of a Time Lord timeonic fusion device that destroys Minyos, an incident that is covered up by the High Council and leads to their policy of non-interference. [65]

Later history Edit

The recent history of Gallifrey has been referred to in the spin-off media as well as the television series. In addition to the uncertain canonicity of the spin-offs, where these various events fit on a time line, or even if they can be consolidated into a single one, is also unclear. The spin-off media [ vague ] [ which? ] have also suggested [ citation needed ] that they [ vague ] [ which? ] each take place in separate continuities.

Audio plays Edit

Echoing similar events [ vague ] in the novels, [ which? ] [ citation needed ] the Fourth Doctor's former companion, Romana, returns from E-Space (where she remained at the end of Warriors' Gate) and rises to become President of the High Council. She is subsequently captured and imprisoned by the Daleks on the Etra Prime planetoid for twenty years until she escapes on the eve of their invasion of Gallifrey. The Dalek invasion is repelled with the help of the Sixth Doctor, although the Daleks manage to take control of the Seriphia galaxy, using it as a new power base. Romana reassumes her position as Lord President. [66] [67] The Doctor Who Annual 2006 article "Meet the Doctor" by Russell T Davies refers to the Etra Prime Incident of the audio play The Apocalypse Element as what is claimed to be what began the "escalation of events" before the Time War began. [68]

Her tenure, however, is far from smooth. In the Gallifrey audio series, the emergence of a terrorist group known as Free Time, which wants to break the technological monopoly on time travel, threatens not just Gallifrey, but its time travel-capable allies. Romana's progressive policies, including opening the Academy to non-Gallifreyans, face opposition from more conservative elements. The escape of Pandora — an evil from Gallifrey's past — from the Matrix further complicated matters. Indeed, it is eventually revealed that Pandora is manipulating the Free Time zealots. [ citation needed ]

Although Romana initially wards off an attempted coup by Inquisitor Darkel, Pandora manages to manifest herself in the form of Romana's first incarnation. Both Romanas claim the title of Imperiatrix, absolute ruler of Gallifrey, and their conflict plunges the planet into civil war. Romana II is eventually able to eliminate the Pandora entity, at the cost of the destruction of the Matrix. Romana is then removed from the Presidency and replaced by a Time Lord named Matthias. The series [ vague ] [ needs update ] ends on a cliffhanger, with Gallifrey on the brink of economic and social collapse as well as in danger of being overrun by a Free Time virus, while most of the cast are trapped with no apparent means of escape. [ citation needed ]

Eighth Doctor Adventures Edit

In the BBC Books Eighth Doctor Adventures, Romana regenerates into a third incarnation, a more martial and war-like ruler looking ahead to a predicted future war with an unnamed Enemy. [ citation needed ] In The Ancestor Cell, the Eighth Doctor apparently destroys Gallifrey and retroactively wipes the Time Lords from history to prevent the voodoo cult Faction Paradox from starting that war. [69]

In the last regular Eighth Doctor novel, The Gallifrey Chronicles by Lance Parkin, it is revealed that while Gallifrey is destroyed, the Time Lords are not erased from history. However, the cataclysm sets up an event horizon in time that prevents anyone from entering Gallifrey's relative past or travelling from it to the present or future. Some Time Lords, however, may have survived, [ clarification needed ] including Iris Wildthyme, the Master and the Minister of Chance from Death Comes to Time.

The memories of the Time Lords also survive within the Matrix, which has been downloaded into the Eighth Doctor's mind, but their reconstruction will require a sufficiently advanced computer. At the novel's end, the question of whether or not the Time Lords would be restored remained unanswered. [70]


Notes

  • The book of Pythia, which contains or is identical to the Pythian Prophecy, was written 1,600 years before the final exodus of the last twelve tribes, and documents the exodus of the Thirteenth Tribe. The text apparently contains a detailed narrative of the events of the Exodus, and continues to be interpreted as a source of prophecy 2,000 years after its prophecies have (apparently) already been fulfilled.
  • The Cycle of Time is apparently a key component of Colonial theology. The notion of a circular progression of time (also known as eternal return or eternal recurrence) is foreign to the ancient Greek religion of which Colonial religion are largely based, but it is a common theme in many modern religions. Some Hindus believe in an endless cycle of ages called Yugas. The ancient Maya people, as well as the Incas and Aztecs also believed in the circular nature of time. In philosophy, the Stoics, a movement originating in hellenistic Greece, held the doctrine. In the nineteenth century, the doctrine appears in the writings of Friedrich Nietzsche as a method of life-affirmation.

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The Timeline is intended to be an on-going project. As the Timeline is expanded, the community is invited to participate by sending old photos, suggesting additional Timeline events, and contributing stories about Follansbee passed down from parents and grandparents. The community is invited to make comments, assist by correcting errors, and help identify persons on photos. Above all, the community is invited to enjoy reading the Timeline, which contains the collective memories of a little town that does big things.

Timeline Theme

The theme, “The Little Town That Does Big Things,” originated with a 1920 Herald Star article that reported on the annual city Jubilee which energized the spirits of Follansbee. (See 1913 – The Boosters of The Knights of Pythias Lodge –)

Washburn University Research Grants

The Follansbee Timeline and website were funded by two research grants obtained by Dr. Frank Chorba from Washburn University, Topeka, KS. The grants have made possible public access to the Follansbee Review newspaper microfilm collections at both West Virginia University and the State of West Virginia Archives. Because of the grants, historic copies of the Follansbee Review can be obtained through the interlibrary loan system available at public libraries. The Washburn grants also provided for the purchase of historic Follansbee photos from the State of West Virginia Archives.

The scholarly purpose of the Washburn University grants is to document historic events pertaining to the establishment and growth of the city of Follansbee. The Timeline is intended to communicate the story of Follansbee through its economic, cultural and social evolution.

Newspaper Sources

The West Virginia University and the State of West Virginia Archives have preserved old issues of the Mill Towns Review and the Follansbee Review and the public in invited to use them. The Brooke County Library Genealogy Room (Wellsburg) also has some copies on microfilm. In addition, special funding from Washburn University in Kansas, has made it possible for the general public to access past issues of the newspaper through the interlibrary loan system available at public Libraries, including the Steubenville Public Library.

Website Assistant-Callie S. Hobkirk

Callie’s valuable timeline contributions include her knowledgeable integration of website content, including new photos and subject areas. Her ability as a trouble-shooter and manager of WordPress is instrumental to the quality of the Follansbee Timeline. Callie is a 2017 Washburn University graduate and former student assistant for Dr. Chorba.

Acknowledgements

Tony Paesano, former Mayor of Follansbee, who encouraged the history of Follansbee Timeline project and made available historic materials from his office.

Dr. Corley Dennison, Vice President at Marshall University, who made possible public access to the Follansbee Review newspaper archives via interlibrary loan.

Loreto Iafrate & Loretta Thomas, owners of 88’s Barber Shop – Follansbee, for providing historic photos and stories of the city sports teams & personalities.

Dr. Maria Stover, Washburn University, and Mr. Michael Stover, John Deer Company, for copyediting and technical consultation regarding Timeline design.

Ralph “Red” Hunter & Bobbie Elliott, Brook County Genealogical Society, for making historic photos and documents available.

Sandy Day and Erika Grubbs, Public Library of Steubenville & Jefferson County, who assisted in locating local published histories and newspaper microfilms.

James Piccirillo is a former president of the Brooke County Board of Education. His knowledge of Follansbee & collections of photos, many visible on the Follansbee Timeline and I’m from Follansbee website, are important contributions to the preservation of the city’s history.

Gail Meloy – President of Friends of Follansbee Library & Archive Room, who provided historic Timeline photos.

Debbie Vraninin, Fort Vance Historical Society in Burgettstown Pa., for providing photos and promoting the Follansbee Timeline.

Sincere gratitude goes to the following, whose interviews, photos and other resources made this timeline possible:

Louis Headman, David Chorba, Joe Prest, Gerald “Peck” Blakley, Mario Cipriani, John Cipriani, Frank Gaudio, Nancy (Budea) Cummins, Parker Berket, Andy Banfi, Denny Williams, Burl Postlethwait, Frank Aftanas, Lisa and Glenn Andriano, Anna Berardi, Anna Riska, Mary Jo Boniey, William Schubenski, Phil Consalvo, Tillie Meno, Bernard Ciccolella, Mary Frances (Ciccolella) Schwertfeger, John Julio, Ralph Freshwater, James B. Rowing, Goldie Almason Baly, George Kohelis, Phyllis (Roman) Riccadonna, Kenneth Loy, Lonny Riggs, Judy (Vickers) Bowman, Joe Settimio, Mike Falbo, George Pfister, Clara Casini, Wayne & Darleen (Swartz) Kemp, Elizabeth Rea, John Ford, Earl & Sylvia (Ferrelli) Wendt, Donna (Taibi) Sullivan, Vicki Neumeyer, Larry “Plumber” Jones, Thomas & Lorreta (Smitz) McBride, Mitch Grishkevich, Carl Martino, Frank Paesano, Dr. Thimios Zaharopoulos, Clarence R. Virtue, Bob Benzo, Val Giglio, Richard Rees, Paul Freese, Richard A. Boyd, Cornelia (Brady) Waugh, Charles Goff, Angelo Ciccolella, Jody Chorba, Brady R. Dunlevy Sr., Bill Saunders, Jim Mirasola.


History [ edit | edit source ]

The Dark Times [ edit | edit source ]

The Gallifreyans were an ancient species, one of the first humanoid species to evolve. (PROSE: Lucifer Rising, TV: The Beast Below) One account suggested the inhabitants of Gallifrey were originally known as the Shobogans. (TV: The Timeless Children) The Daleks tried to travel back to prehistoric Gallifrey to prevent the Time Lords evolving. (PROSE: Engines of War)

The Dark Times, also known as the "Old Times" or the "Age of the Pythias", (COMIC: Agent Provocateur) were divided into the Time of Empires and the Time of Chaos. (PROSE: Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible) The history of this period was recorded in the Black Scrolls of Rassilon, which became forbidden by the time of the Doctor. (PROSE: The Five Doctors)

During the Dark Times, the Kotturuh visited the Gallifreyans and judged them as having much to offer the universe. (PROSE: The Knight, The Fool and The Dead)

At one point, which the Tenth Doctor described as the "deep, distant past", he and Cindy Wu were dragged to Gallifrey where they bore witness to Time Sentinels throwing time sensitives into the Untempered Schism. (COMIC: Old Girl)

By one account, the Gallifreyans had originally been a primitive tribe before the arrival of an old man from the Victorian era who introduced them to the concepts of civlisation and granting them the secrets of space/time travel. (PROSE: Human Nature)

Time of Empires [ edit | edit source ]

Before the anchoring of the thread, the universe was unstructured and chaotic. (PROSE: The Book of the War) There were no laws of physics, only infinite possibility. (PROSE: Christmas on a Rational Planet) During this era, Gallifreyans were known as the Shadow People, caught between the warm darkness of magick and the cold light of science. Magick dominated Gallifreyan culture for a long time, (PROSE: So Vile a Sin) but their technological advancement was also unparalleled. (PROSE: A Brief History of Time Lords) A Time Lord emissary reminded the Fourth Doctor that Gallifrey had perfected the transmat beam when the universe was less than half its "present" size. (TV: Genesis of the Daleks) Empowered by the transmat and other techniques of interstellar travel, Gallifreyans spread throughout the universe, subjugating or shepherding all new species they encountered. They built alliances with any powers they couldn't conquer, creating the Fledgling Empires. (PROSE: A Brief History of Time Lords) Soon, their colonies were spread throughout the galaxy. (PROSE: Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible)

The Gallifreyans fought against the Old Ones. (PROSE: Interference - Book Two)

Despite being protested by some, slave trading was common in Gallifreyan colonies. Gallifrey was ruled by the Pythia, a line of female seers who divined the future and ruled Gallifrey. They also perpetuated mysticism on Gallifrey and opposed the use of reason. Many Gallifreyans worshipped the Menti Celesti. Telepathy was used for communication rather than speech, and few individuals kept their own secrets. (PROSE: Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible) Gallifreyan religious classes, including priests, monks and wardens of the church, had a high place in Gallifreyan society until after the rise of the Time Lords. (PROSE: Interference - Book Two)

Anchoring of the thread [ edit | edit source ]

As new cultures evolved and began to impose their own understandings and versions of meaning onto the universe, a definite framework began to emerge. Since these other species could be completely different to the people of the Homeworld, their assembled history was feared to grow unkind to the Empire. Indeed, some unclassifiable events were glimpsed in the formative future, the first time technology was developed and used to avert such events. (PROSE: The Book of the War) The first time machine, the Time Scaphe, was powered psychically rather than technologically. (PROSE: Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible) The Archons claimed that the Time Lords didn't discover time travel for themselves, but developed it after they declared war on the Archons and stole their technology. (PROSE: The Nameless City)

To permanently fix the problem, Rassilon decided to make the universe rational. (PROSE: So Vile a Sin) By conducting the anchoring of the thread, the Homeworlders created history with themselves at the centre. Their laws became the laws of time and physics. (PROSE: The Book of the War) This caused whole civilisations to disappear and drove the children of Pythia to powerlessness as they lost their power of precognition. (PROSE: Christmas on a Rational Planet) The Diaspora began as Great Houses fled the Homeworld in fear of the changes that had occurred. (PROSE: The Book of the War) The Time of Chaos began. (PROSE: Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible)

Time of Chaos [ edit | edit source ]

During the anchoring of the thread, (PROSE: The Book of the War) Rassilon accidentally opened a doorway into another universe. (PROSE: The Pit) The Great Vampires escaped and caused mass destruction. (TV: State of Decay) Gallifrey, led by Kopyion Liall a Mahajetsu, tried to stop them, leading to the thousand year Eternal War. They eventually pushed them back into their own universe, (PROSE: The Pit) plugging the holes with planets. (PROSE: Interference - Book One) One account suggested Rassilon was a commander during the war. Her forces encountered the Ninth Doctor and Rose on a shadow planetoid. (COMIC: Monstrous Beauty)

Whilst the war raged, Gallifrey was attacked by the Dalek Time Squad who sought to prevent the rise of the Time Lords only for the Eighth, Ninth, and Tenth Doctors to come to their homeworld's defence. Aboard the HMS Donna, and assisted by three coffin ships of Free Undead, they held the Daleks back until Inyit's final judgement killed most of the Dalek Drones who had been modified with Symbiont DNA. The Eighth Doctor then boarded their ship and caused an explosion, sending the Daleks careening into the Time Vortex and away from Gallifrey. (PROSE: All Flesh is Grass)

During the Time of Chaos, validium came into use by the Time Lords. (TV: Silver Nemesis) The First Doctor later took the validium with him when he left Gallifrey. (PROSE: A Brief History of Time Lords)

The power of the Pythia declined and the Neo-Technologists, led by Rassilon, rose to power. The last Pythia committed suicide, cursing Gallifrey to sterility. Members of the Pythian order fled to Karn and became the Sisterhood. War and chaos threatened the empire an ice age began and Gallifrey's colonies demanded their freedom. (PROSE: Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible)

The Old Time [ edit | edit source ]

Ordaining of Time Lord society [ edit | edit source ]

The Time Lords had three main founders: the technological polymath Rassilon, (TV: The Deadly Assassin) the stellar engineer Omega, (TV: The Three Doctors) and an other. (PROSE: Remembrance of the Daleks) They lived at the same time. (COMIC: Star Death, TV: Remembrance of the Daleks) There were three other Founders of Gallifrey, but no one could agree who they were (PROSE: A Brief History of Time Lords) candidates included Apeiron, Pandak, and Eutenoyar. (PROSE: The Infinity Doctors, PROSE: The Ancestor Cell) The Nechronomancers worshipped a paradoxical seventh founder. (PROSE: And To Dust We Shall Return) According to one account, Tecteun was involved in the foundation of the Time Lords after discovering regeneration by cracking the Timeless Child's genetic code. (TV: The Timeless Children)

To enable the Time Lords to travel through time without ill effects, Rassilon created the Rassilon Imprimatur. (PROSE: Interference - Book One) Some accounts suggested he was also involved in development of regeneration (AUDIO: Zagreus, Trial of the Valeyard) but another claimed that it came about from Tecteun’s experiments on the Timeless Child. (TV: The Timeless Children)

Omega used two stellar manipulators, the "hands" of Omega, to detonate a star (TV: Remembrance of the Daleks, PROSE: The Infinity Doctors) known as Qqaba, to create a black hole from which the Time Lords drew the power for time travel. Omega travelled into Qqaba to detonate it. According to one account, Fenris, a time-travelling assassin sent by the Order of the Black Sun, sabotaged the shielding on Omega's ship and Omega was pulled into the newly created black hole. Through sheer force of will, Rassilon kept the Gallifreyan space station from being pulled into the black hole. He then found Fenris and banished him into the Zone of No Return. (COMIC: Star Death) Although he survived in the anti-matter universe, Omega was presumed dead. (TV: The Three Doctors, AUDIO: Omega) It was later rumoured Omega's "death" had been arranged by Rasslion and carried out by Omega's treacherous assistant. (COMIC: The Lost Dimension)

Recruiting time sensitives from the outer regions beyond the Capitol, Rassilon began developing the Type 1 TARDISes, (COMIC: The Lost Dimension) using time-travel technology salvaged from Fenris' belt to create a navigational system for TARDISes. (COMIC: Star Death) After a failed test flight of a Type 1 by "Theta-Sigma", (COMIC: The Lost Dimension) the first successful flight of a prototype TARDIS took place on Henlen. (AUDIO: Collision Course) Twelve War TARDISes were subsequently created to use against the Vampires. (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Krikkitmen)

The Eternal War came to an end after the creation of bowships, originally designed by General Skellis and ordered into construction by Rassilon. All the Great Vampires were killed, except the King who Rassilon spent a decade searching for in vain. (PROSE: The Multi-Faceted War) When Kopyion Liall a Mahajetsu returned to Gallifrey after the war, he discovered that religion had fallen out of favour and Rassilon had risen to power. He then left to guard the final opening. (PROSE: The Pit)

To stabilise Gallifreyan society after the Pythia's Curse, the Looms and Great Houses were created (PROSE: Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible) and the High Council dissolved the monasteries and churches of Gallifrey. (PROSE: Interference - Book Two) In the time of the anchoring of the thread, (PROSE: The Book of the War) the Watchmakers eventually surrendered the creative and changeable parts of their minds. (PROSE: Christmas on a Rational Planet) The first batch of loom-births produced aberrations and monsters some were used as special operatives, but the majority were destroyed. Once the Breeding Engines were functional, the Houses created the Mappers, who became the first temporal explorers sent forth by the Great Houses into their domain, tasked with mapping out the meridians of Time and creating the first maps of the brand new Spiral Politic. Although they were successful, the Mappers all went insane some time after their mission was completed, and were subsequently forgotten, "like most Homeworld history". (PROSE: Going Once, Going Twice)

Beginning of Rassilon Era [ edit | edit source ]

In year zero of the Rassilon Era, (COMIC: The Final Chapter) Rassilon retrieved the Eye of Harmony and stored it in a vault beneath the Time Lord capitol as a source of power. (PROSE: The Infinity Doctors) The Eye acted as the “hitching post” for the Web of Time. (AUDIO: Neverland) With his Five Principles, Rassilon led Gallifrey into a more enlightened age, including the abolition of slavery. (AUDIO: Forever)

The Matrix was set up during the reign of Rassilon. Following damage to the Time Vortex, a robotic construction, Dawn 726-Alpha Continua, was set up to repair the damage. (COMIC: Dawn of Time!)

The Game of Rassilon was a blood sport played in the Death Zone on Gallifrey using the Time Scoop, which relocated beings from all of time and space (except for Daleks and Cybermen, considered too dangerous to try to contain) and placed them in the Death Zone to fight each other to the death. Rassilon's rule saw the end of the games in the Death Zone. (TV: The Five Doctors)

Twenty years after the loss of Omega, the Special Executive retrieved Fenris from the Time Vortex for interrogation. In the Question Hall of the Prydonian Chapter, the parahuman Viridian discovered he was working for the Black Sun. However before she could obtain more information, Black Sun assassins teleported into the Hall and massacred the assembled Time Lords, killing Fenris to silence him. They then departed, leaving the Time Lords no closer to understanding the Black Sun. (COMIC: 4-D War)

Sometime after the creation of TARDISes, the Time Lords and the Fledgling Empires waged the Racnoss Wars against the Racnoss, (AUDIO: Empire of the Racnoss) wiping out their species save the Empress and her children. (TV: The Runaway Bride) Officially all the Racnoss’ Huon energy was destroyed, unofficially it was incorporated into Gallifreyan time travel machines. (PROSE: A Brief History of Time Lords)

One of Rassilon's great engineers was Artron, who had been responsible for discovering artron energy. He eventually travelled to Kolstan where he experimented on the native Kolstani to see if their abilities with temporal energy could be used to enhance regeneration. He encountered the Master who attempted to force him to transfer the Kolstani’s powers to him. Artron instead transferred them to himself, resulting in the Kolstani being starved of temporal energy and becoming the Ravenous. At the same time, Rassilon sent a fleet of timeships to destroy Kolstan. (AUDIO: Day of the Master) The Ravenous were attracted to the Time Lords to feed on their regeneration energy and became a collective nightmare for the Time Lords, attacking their pioneers. Rassilon led the near-genocide of the Ravenous, with all except one clan being wiped out. The survivors were imprisoned in a pocket dimension. (AUDIO: Deeptime Frontier) Artron’s disappearance remained a mystery and a statue of him was displayed in the Panopticon. (AUDIO: Day of the Master)

Ten years after the Question Hall massacre, Gallifrey had its first formal contact with the Order of the Black Sun at trade negotiations over uranium on Desrault. The Time Lord and Black Sun ambassadors developed a good relationship and agreed to divide the uranium equally. The budding diplomatic partnership was sabotaged by the Sontaran ambassador Brilox, who used a psy-snare on Millenium (a parahuman who was part of the Time Lord delegation) and had her assassinate the Black Sun Elder at the closing ceremony of the negotiations. This began the Black Sun War, leading to the Order initiating the attacks that Gallifrey had already experienced in its past. (COMIC: Black Sun Rising)

The Time Lords tried doing business with the Hoothi. The Hoothi caused a war on one of the worlds with which Gallifrey was negotiating, and later attacked Gallifrey itself using a Time Lord ambassador as a host. The Time Lords struck back with a counterattack and put the Hoothi worlds in a time loop. The Hoothi were forced to leave the galaxy. (PROSE: Love and War, AUDIO: Love and War)

During Rassilon’s rule, the Time Lords fought a war against the Vondrax. As the Time Lords were about to win, the Vondrax created a paradox which erased one of Rassilon’s generals from the timeline. Only the general’s wife could remember that he had ever existed, and in her attempts to change time to restore him she eventually became the Watchmaker. (AUDIO: Enemy Lines)

During a conflict with the Nestenes, the Time Lords managed to contain them to the Illia Galaxy. The Moment was created by Roppen and used by Rassilon to destroy the Nestenes in the Illia Galaxy. (PROSE: Pandoric’s Box) According to the General, the Moment was the “last work of the ancients of Gallifrey”. (TV: The Day of the Doctor)

Beginning of non-interference [ edit | edit source ]

After dreaming of a future Time Lord empire that used its power to suppress the weak of the universe, Rassilon instituted the non-interference policy. (COMIC: The Final Chapter) It would be remembered that policy was created due to the damage that had been done by the Time Lords to other species, including the Minyans and inhabitants of Klist and Plastrodus 14. (TV: Underworld, PROSE: The Quantum Archangel)

Rassilon’s rule began to move closer to despotism, with Gallifrey’s borders being sealed. (PROSE: Lungbarrow) With hostility against the natural-born rising, Patience, one of the last womb-born Gallifreyans, was taken by her husband to the Machine for safety. (PROSE: Cold Fusion) According to one account, the slide into tyranny forced the Other to send his granddaughter and her nanny to the Spaceport for safety and cast himself into the Prime Distributor of the Looms. (PROSE: Lungbarrow)

150 million years BC, Rassilon defied the non-interference policy and led the Time Lords against the Mad Mind of Bophemeral in the Millennium War. (PROSE: The Quantum Archangel)

One legend said that despite Rassilon's great achievements, the Time Lords rebelled against him and imprisoned him in the Dark Tower in the Death Zone. Rassilon survived both in the tower (TV: The Five Doctors) and in the Matrix. (COMIC: The Tides of Time, AUDIO: Neverland et al)

Eons of stability [ edit | edit source ]

Millennia of isolation induced a complacency among the Time Lords. Their technology and power stagnated, even as other races became more powerful and dangerous. (TV: The Deadly Assassin)

    and a group of scientists tried to steal the secrets of regeneration from Gallifrey, stealing a metamorphic symbiosis regenerator, but they were unsuccessful and they became stuck in a cycle of never-ending mutated regeneration. (TV: Mawdryn Undead)
  • When the natives of Exclon began attacking and looting neighbouring planets, the Time Lords launched a full scale attack on Exclon and devastated it. (PROSE: Vorton's Revenge)
  • Ambitious Time Lady Pandora became President. She intended for Gallifrey to use its power to reshape the Web of Time and declared herself Imperiatrix, using an alien bodyguard to enforce her will. The High Council rebelled against her, triggering a civil war. Eventually they convinced the bodyguard to betray her. The bodyguard was returned home, but their planet was then trapped in a time loop. Pandora was erased, with the only evidence she’d ever existed being the ruined Vaults and a remnant of her consciousness in the Matrix, (AUDIO: Lies)
  • The Time Lords tried to prevent human researches centred on the USS Eldridge, which was tearing a hole in space. Though they succeeded, the ship was believed to be lost. (AUDIO: The Macros, GAME: Shadows of the Vashta Nerada)
  • The Time Lords imprisoned the Kin. (PROSE: Nothing O’Clock)
  • The Time Lords forced the Phaeron to shut down their wormholes. (PROSE: Deep Time)
  • The High Council of Time Lords foresaw a future where every planet in the universe was infected by God Seeds and decided to break their law of non-intervention to conduct a universe-wide purge. The purge was not completely successful as at least one God Seed survived. (AUDIO: Fiesta of the Damned)

Changing times [ edit | edit source ]

After eons of cultural stasis, irregularities appeared in the breeding-engines, creating a generation of renegades. (PROSE: The Book of the War)

As recorded by Marnal in The Monkey to Time Saga, the Time Lords of this era began having visions of a future where they were erased save for only five survivors, their primate shadows ruling the spaces between history under a great Black Eye. Most of Gallifrey dismissed the visions. (PROSE: The Gallifrey Chronicles)

The Imperator Presidency [ edit | edit source ]

One of the mutations in the Looms was a member of House Dvora (PROSE: The Book of the War) named Morbius. (TV: The Brain of Morbius) He had a strong personality and endless ambition, qualities which had not been seen among the Great Houses for generations. He quickly rose to power over the High Council (TV: The Brain of Morbius, The Book of the War) and led the Imperator Presidency. (PROSE: The Book of the War) He wanted the Time Lords to abandon their non-interference policy and intervene in the outside universe in their own self-interest, and he campaigned for conquest of the lesser species. He gathered an army of mercenaries to himself, making extravagant promises to them about time travel and immortality. (TV: The Brain of Morbius, The Book of the War) He also appointed Thessalia to lead the newly-created Order of the Weal, to prepare the Homeworld for a future war.

However, Thessalia denounced the Imperator to the High Council, (PROSE: The Book of the War) and he was exiled from Gallifrey with his army of mercenaries, which he led in wreaking havoc on the outside universe. The High Council created an alliance to fight his army. The ensuing war saw the planets Sylvana, Zandir, Tanith and Electra fall to Morbius. According to one account, the Fifth Doctor travelled back in time to the war and was placed in charge of the Alliance Battle Fleet by the High Council. (PROSE: Warmonger) Morbius’ forces were finally defeated on Karn where he was captured, put on trial, and executed. (TV: The Brain of Morbius, PROSE: The Book of the War) However, Mehendri Solon removed Morbius' brain prior to his disintegration, (PROSE: Warmonger) and he began building a new body for Morbius. (TV: The Brain of Morbius)

After Morbius' death, his followers became known as the Cult of Morbius (PROSE: Warmonger) in year 5725.3 of the Rassilon Era. (AUDIO: Neverland) The cultural shift Morbius caused on Gallifrey resulted in the rise of interventionists. (PROSE: Warmonger, The Book of the War)

The Doctor's life on Gallifrey [ edit | edit source ]

When the Doctor was very young, Ulysses was told by Larna, a Time Lady from the future, that the fate of Gallifrey was mixed with that of the Doctor and that the Doctor would have a part to play in its downfall and resurrection. (PROSE: The Gallifrey Chronicles)

After the Time Lords developed a chemical that could turn vertebrate blood into acid, the Doctor successfully campaigned for it to be banned. (PROSE: The Age of Ambition) The Doctor also convinced the Time Lords to put aside their non-interference policy and ban miniscopes from the universal market. (TV: Carnival of Monsters)

Madrigor became the youngest Gallifreyan to be appointed a Time Lord. He began secretly using his TARDIS to steal from other planets. The other Time Lords discovered Madrigor's thievery and he was tried and found guilty. Before he could be punished, Madrigor ran away from Gallifrey and hid on Lunargov III. (PROSE: The Time Thief)

According to one account, near the end of the Doctor's time on Gallifrey, the Master led a student revolt against President Pundat the Third. They wanted to restore "Rassilon's Law" by replacing Pundat with a descendant of Rassilon. After Pundat died of stress, the rebels found the last living relative of Rassilon: a seven-year old Time Lady named Larn. The students attempted a coup, but were stopped by citadel guards. During the coup, the Master managed to assassinate the new president Slann. Shortly afterwards, both the Doctor and the Master left Gallifrey. Lady Larn stowed away on the Doctor's TARDIS. (PROSE: Birth of a Renegade)

According to another account, the Doctor and Susan left Gallifrey during a major conflict. Fearing that one of the sides would get the Hand of Omega, the Doctor and Susan stole a TARDIS and took the hand far away from Gallifrey. (COMIC: Time & Time Again)

Other accounts indicate that the Doctor and Susan did not leave Gallifrey during or shortly after a major conflict. (TV: The Name of the Doctor, PROSE: Lungbarrow, AUDIO: The Beginning)

The Doctor's missions for the CIA [ edit | edit source ]

Although the Second Doctor tried to avoid the Time Lords during his travels, he was forced to contact his people when he encountered a situation too difficult to sort out on his own. The renegade Magnus had allied himself with the War Lords to collect soldiers from various battles from Earth history to create an army to conquer the universe. The Time Lords came and erased the War Lords from time. They returned all the soldiers and the Doctor's companions to their native times and places. The Doctor was put on trial for stealing his TARDIS and sentenced to forced regeneration and exile to Earth in the late 20th century. (TV: The War Games) The Doctor‘s sentence was postponed by the CIA and he went for several missions for them. (PROSE: World Game, Players, That Time I Nearly Destroyed the World Whilst Looking for a Dress, Save Yourself) The Doctor‘s sentence of exile to Earth was later enforced, however he escaped before they could change his appearance and hid at the Carlton Grange Hotel. The Time Lords used animated scarecrows to lure him and forced his regeneration, placing him aboard his TARDIS (COMIC: The Night Walkers) which took him to 20th Century Earth where he joined UNIT as their scientific adviser. (TV: Spearhead from Space)

The CIA discovered that the Second Doctor had created a paradox shortly before encountering the War Lords during a visit to London in 1688. They sent an agent to meet with Jamie McCrimmon near the end of his life. The agent restored Jamie's memories and had Jamie tell the story of his visit to 1688. The Doctor, Jamie and Zoe had met King James II shortly before the Glorious Revolution. Jamie had created an alternate timeline by encouraging James not to flee England. In the new timeline, the Doctor never met Jamie and therefore nobody encouraged James II to stay in England. The agent stabilised the timelines while the Doctor fixed history in the past. The agent then removed Jamie's memories of the Doctor and left. (AUDIO: The Glorious Revolution)

The exiled Doctor contacted the Time Lords for assistance in stopping the Mim’s invasion of Earth. A messenger met him who informed him the Time Lords would deal with the Mim’s invasion flotilla but wouldn’t interfere with events on the ground. (AUDIO: Shadow of the Past)

The Doctor's exile had unforeseen consequences. His presence on Earth changed history when he inspired Liz Shaw to create renewable energy using alien technology. After she left the Doctor, Liz began working with the United Nations to create twenty one SunTrap stations across the planet. Helios last of the Solarians was attracted to Earth by the solar energy stations and took control of its governments. After trapping the Doctor, he shaped the population of Earth into the perfect army to get revenge on the Time Lords for destroying his species' home Qqaba.

Using technology from the Doctor's TARDIS, Helios' battle fleet came to Gallifrey and burst the transduction barrier with plasma beams. The High Council of Time Lords hid from the attack in a fallout shelter and traced the invaders back to Earth. Realising their mistake, they sent the Third Doctor on a mission into his future to murder Helios before he could attack Gallifrey. The Doctor was successful and the Time Lords took him back to his "native" time with evidence of the potential future. He showed this evidence to Liz Shaw and set history back onto the correct course by convincing her to become a writer instead.

The Gallifreyans became furious that their planet was almost destroyed by Time Lord meddling. The CIA redirected the revolution against the clergy. Several cardinals were executed and the Supreme Pontiff of Time was paraded around the citadel on a pike staff. Due to the Doctor's skill in saving Gallifrey, the CIA decided to continue to give him missions. To ensure the Doctor was kept busy between missions, they released the Master from Shada. A messenger was sent to inform the Doctor that the Master was coming to Earth. (PROSE: Prisoners of the Sun) The messenger arrived in time to forewarn the Doctor about a trap the Master had left him at a radio tower. (TV: Terror of the Autons)

In year 5892.5 of the Rassilon Era, the Master stole information on the Doomsday Weapon from the Matrix. (AUDIO: Neverland) After he went to Uxarieus to get the weapon, the Time Lords temporarily fixed the Doctor's TARDIS and took him and Jo Grant to Uxarieus. The Doctor stopped the Master and destroyed weapon before it could be used. (TV: Colony in Space)

The Time Lords arranged the Doctor’s trip to Peladon (PROSE: The Face of the Enemy) where he and Jo prevented schemes to stop the planet joining the Galactic Federation. (TV: The Curse of Peladon)

After the Amulet of the Wastelands was lost in Earth’s history, the Conclave of Grails and Antiquities recruited the Doctor to retrieve it before it could be used to rewrite Earth’s timeline. The Doctor found it in 1943 and prevented it being used by occultist Nazis. Leaving the Amulet in the care of a LCS Wing Commander, The Doctor informed the Time Lord messenger that the Time Lords would have to do without it. (AUDIO: Operation: Hellfire)

The Time Lords contact the First Doctor. (TV: The Three Doctors)

The Time Lords were easily rendered helpless when Omega began to drain energy from Gallifrey. They forced to rely on the Doctor, with the President authorising the allying of him with his previous two incarnations. The Doctors discovered that Omega was responsible and managed to end his energy drain. (TV: The Three Doctors)

After discovering the Master’s role in the Daleks’ Operation Divide and Conquer, the Doctor contacted the Time Lords. (TV: Frontier in Space) They piloted his TARDIS to Spiridon, where he prevented the Daleks awakening an army of ten thousand Daleks. (TV: Planet of the Daleks)

The Time Lords continued to give the Doctor missions after his third regeneration. Whilst the Doctor was travelling with Sarah Jane, the Time Lords took control of his TARDIS and brought the two of them to several points in history. First, they were to taken to the planet Ercos, where they stopped the Daleks from drilling into the planet's core and turning it into a missile to fire at Earth. (COMIC: The Dalek Revenge) The Time Lords then directed them to Station 251, a Bendriggan space dock which had been infected with a virus deadly to Bendriggans. The entire Bendriggan race would have landed on the station and died, but the Doctor made contact with the leading ship and saved the species. (COMIC: Virus) The Time Lords brought the Doctor and Sarah Jane to the Italian village Borosini in the summer of 1944. There, they helped the villagers take back an entire shipment of artwork stolen by Nazis. The Doctor brought the art into his TARDIS and returned it after the war ended. (COMIC: Treasure Trail) Finally, the Time Lords diverted the Doctor to Karn where he aided the Sisterhood by stopping the decline of their sacred flame and prevented the resurrection of Morbius by Solon. (TV: The Brain of Morbius)

The CIA came to regard the Doctor as their most talented agent. When he was nearly killed on Beta Osiris, a Time Lord interfered with events and inadvertently saved the Doctor's life. (PROSE: Scarab of Death)

Constitutional crisis [ edit | edit source ]

The Time Lords faced "the most dangerous crisis in their long history" when, during the President's resignation, he was assassinated by Chancellor Goth before he could name his successor. Goth was plotting with the Master to frame the Fourth Doctor and take power uncontested. The Doctor ran against Goth in the election to buy himself time to investigate the death he succeeded in unraveling the scheme, but in the process, the Master killed Goth. The Master gained access to the Eye of Harmony after taking the Sash of Rassilon from the President’s corpse and attempted to open the Eye, causing an earthquake. The Doctor stopped him, however half the Capitol had already been destroyed. With Goth dead, the Doctor was the only candidate left to be President however he didn't want this responsibility so left in his TARDIS. (TV: The Deadly Assassin)

With both of the other candidates unexpectedly withdrawn from the race, Greyjan the Sane, a Time Lord academic who never seriously intended to become President, was left in charge of Gallifrey. His Presidency lasted for only three years before he killed himself, distressed by his visions of war. (PROSE: The Ancestor Cell)

The Capitol was severely damaged when the Eye of Harmony was opened. Overseer Luther designed a grand reconstruction of the city. The Watchtower was built on top of the ruins of the Panoptican. The Watchtower was secretly a huge TARDIS that got its power directly from the Eye of Harmony which Luther planned to eventually use to take over Gallifrey. (COMIC: The Final Chapter)

The Fourth Doctor becomes President of Gallifrey. (TV: The Invasion of Time)

When the Fourth Doctor returned to Gallifrey, he found the planet without a President and led by Lord Chancellor Borusa. Claiming his right to the Presidency from the old election, he briefly became the 407th President (TV: The Invasion of Time, PROSE: The Ancestor Cell) as part of a plot to defeat a Vardan invasion, which he achieved by allowing them to materialise fully on Gallifrey so their home planet could be traced and placed in a time loop. This invasion was a front, however, for a Sontaran invasion of Gallifrey. Although defeated, these invasions exposed weaknesses in Gallifrey's defences. (TV: The Invasion of Time) Following the invasion, Borusa was made Acting President of Gallifrey. (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Krikkitmen)

Gallifrey was again invaded, this time by the Dominators, who "flooded" the Capitol with Quarks, 39 of which were destroyed by Leela and K9 Mark I. Though the Fifth Doctor would claim that there was never "any serious risk of us being conquered", one of the Quarks was fitted with a bomb which heavily damaged the Capitol, necessitating the construction of a replacement building. (AUDIO: Time in Office)

The Killer Cats of Gin-Seng rose up against the Time Lords (AUDIO: Erasure) in the Crisis of Gin-Seng, (AUDIO: The Last Fairy Tale) which was stopped by the Fourth Doctor. The CIA erased all records of this incident. (AUDIO: Erasure) The cats later evacuated the planet in fear of the future Time War. (PROSE: The Return of the King)

Borusa was later officially inducted as Lord President of Gallifrey and dealt with Omega's attempted incursion into normal space via the Arc of Infinity. Omega utilised the Fifth Doctor's biodata extract (supplied by Hedin) to do so. To prevent Omega's incursion Borusa ordered the Doctor's termination, however Hedin ensured his survival. The Doctor dealt with Omega himself. (TV: Arc of Infinity) Afterwards the Time Lords sent the Doctor to investigate another manifestation of Omega in the Sector of Forgotten Souls. (AUDIO: Omega)

Having acquired a piece of Vampire DNA to transform himself into a Vampire, Cardinal Hemal summoned the Fifth Doctor back to Gallifrey to use him and his companions to spread vampiric infections. He killed a Time Lord to create a pretext and then boarded the Doctor’s TARDIS whilst he investigated. When the Doctor returned he forced him to take him to Earth by threatening his companions. Nyssa and Tegan. He was killed upon opening the doors as Nyssa had altered the timing of their arrival to be the middle of the day. (COMIC: Blood Invocation)

Once again, a group of Gallifreyans began pushing to make the President of Gallifrey a descendant of Rassilon. The Master tried to use this movement to become the next president. He kidnapped Lady Larn, the last descendant of Rassilon, and allied himself with the Cybermen. He was going to gain the support of the rebels with Larn and use the Cybermen as his personal army. The Fifth Doctor stopped him before he got to Gallifrey. (PROSE: Birth of a Renegade)

Following another regeneration Lord President Borusa began to investigate the legacy of Rassilon, specifically immortality. Borusa sought to be "President Eternal" ruling Gallifrey forever. Utilising the time scoop he summoned four of the Doctor's incarnations to the Death Zone, using them gain access for him to the Tomb of Rassilon. Ultimately Borusa gained the immortality he sought by Rassilon, entombed as a living statue on Rassilon's sarcophagus. Following the close of the crisis induced by Borusa the full High Council utilised its emergency powers and made the Doctor President of Gallifrey. The Doctor departed briskly, giving Chancellor Flavia "full deputy powers until (he) returned", (TV: The Five Doctors)

Due to the bungled succession, Flavia stepped down as Chancellor and Vorena took over. After he crossed the frontier in time, the Doctor was recalled to Gallifrey to fulfill his duties as President whilst his current companion Tegan became Ambassador to Earth. Guided by Castellan Lowri and Leela, he announced a plan to end the Academy's monopoly on awarding Time Lord status and fulfilled presidential duties such as a diplomatic mission, which was complicated by the Doctor‘s past with the other party. The Doctor faced protests on a visit to the Academy and had to intervene to stop Scandrius, a student inspired by him, causing a catastrophic paradox when he stole a TARDIS. The Doctor's final presidential duty was opening the new Capitol building. After they began to encounter dimensional anomalies whilst touring the building, Vorena confessed the building was actually a giant TARDIS. She and her political allies has infiltrated the project to give the Doctor this power, so he could put right the evils of the cosmos. The Doctor refused her offer and escaped the malfunctioning TARDIS, which dematerialised with Vorena aboard. The Doctor gifted the relics of Rassilon to Lowri, handing the presidency to her, and then departed with Tegan in his TARDIS once more. (AUDIO: Time in Office)

Whilst Acting President, Lowri sent Leela to recruit the Doctor to stop Abby and Zara, whose powers were threatening time and space. (AUDIO: The Garden of Storms)

Flavia eventually became Acting President. She became aware of murmurings that the High Council wanted to make its own choice for President, as she had not been properly elected. She offered herself for re-election to resolve this, unexpectedly losing to Niroc. Niroc’s rise had been brought about by the CIA, who wanted a more easily controllable President. Flavia returned to the High Council, which Niroc began to fill with sycophants. (PROSE: The Eight Doctors)

After years of planning their revenge, the natives of Exclon created a spacecraft strong enough to destroy the Time Lords. Using a gravity controller, they brought the Sixth Doctor's TARDIS to Exclon. They planned to use the Time Lords' trust of the Doctor against them by saying that they had formed a peace treaty with the Doctor. While testing the spacecraft was being tested, it accidentally caved-in a cave in which the Doctor was being kept. He managed to escape before he could be used against the Time Lords and the natives of Exclon were all killed when the caves collapsed. (PROSE: Vorton's Revenge)

A Time Lord on the High Council intervened to stop the Doctor altering the Vipod Mor’s journey into the past, as it would be vital to the Big Bang. (AUDIO: Slipback)

An ambassador, Anzor, was sent to Magnus after the natives’ petitioned the Time Lords for aid in their conflict. (PROSE: Mission to Magnus, AUDIO: Mission to Magnus)

The High Council detected violent temporal disturbances on Marinus caused by a worldshaper. They sent a Time Lord to investigate, but he was attacked by Voord. The Sixth Doctor, Peri Brown, and Frobisher followed a distress signal from his TARDIS to Marinus and found his corpse. They then left the planet, picked up Jamie McCrimmon, and returned. Jamie sacrificed his life to destroy the worldshaper and time stabilised. A group of Time Lords then came to the planet to clean up the worldshaper technology and prevent the Doctor from interfering with Cyberman history. (COMIC: The World Shapers)

After the Sleepers stole secrets from the Matrix, the High Council decided to physically move Earth in order to contain their escape. Earth was dragged across two light-years. Most of the humans remaining on Earth were wiped out. Those that survived degenerated to a primitive, tribal culture. The planet came to be known as Ravolox, with Earth being completely forgotten. (TV: The Mysterious Planet)

The Doctor later stumbled across Ravolox and the K4 robot guarding the Sleepers’ secrets. (TV: The Mysterious Planet) After this, and his meddling in the CIA’s attempt to destroy the Nestene Consciousness, (PROSE: Synthespians™) the High Council decided to deal with the Doctor by putting him on trial. They made a deal with the Valeyard for him to prosecute and adjust the evidence in return for the Doctor’s remaining regenerations. (TV: The Ultimate Foe)

The Doctor was summoned from Thoros Beta (TV: Mindwarp) to Space Station Zenobia where he was tried, with Inquisitor Darkel overseeing proceedings. The Valeyard presented his case with the Doctor’s recent actions on Ravolox (TV: The Mysterious Planet) and Thoros Beta, which revealed that the Time Lords has extracted the Doctor moments before he could save his companion Peri from being killed. (TV: Mindwarp) The Doctor decided to use evidence from his future as his defence (PROSE: Interstitial Insecurity) however found the evidence had been altered upon presenting it to the court. (TV: Terror of the Vervoids) He was unable to prove this however and looked set to lose his case until the Master intervened. The Master revealed the fallibility of the Matrix by speaking from within it, provided witnesses to prove the Doctor’s version of events, exposed the High Council’s recent actions and the Valeyard’s true identity. The Valeyard fled into the Matrix, with the Doctor pursuing him and stopping his plan to assassinate the court. (TV: The Ultimate Foe) Whilst he dealt with the Valeyard, the Eighth Doctor and a temporal duplicate of the Sixth Doctor (created in a failed attempted by the Valeyard to impose an alternate timeline where he was successful) forced Niroc to begin an presidential inquiry. (PROSE: The Eight Doctors) The Master’s revelations meanwhile caused a revolution on Gallifrey (TV: The Ultimate Foe) so the Eighth Doctor made deal with Rassilon for Borusa’s temporary release in a saner incarnation to oversee the situation as numerous factions were now attempting to capitalise on the situation. Borusa convened the Council of Administration which officially deposed the corrupt High Council and ruled during the following interregnum. (PROSE: The Eight Doctors)

In the ensuing political chaos on Gallifrey, five iterations of Peri were created as various Time Lord factions modified her fate to suit their beliefs. These versions of Peri all co-existed in the same timeline. (AUDIO: Peri and the Piscon Paradox) During this period, a magnetron was used to return Ravolox to its original location, (PROSE: The Eight Doctors) the Valeyard was put on trial (AUDIO: Trial of the Valeyard), Zenobia was decommissioned (AUDIO: The Brink of Death) and Rigan became Coordinator of the CIA, overseeing a project on Earth to transplant TARDIS minds into Human bodies which the Seventh Doctor put an end to. (AUDIO: Unregenerate!) The interregnum came to an end with new elections which returned Flavia to the presidency after which Borusa returned to Rassilon. (PROSE: The Eight Doctors)

During Flavia’s Presidency, the Committee of Three brought Agonal to Gallifrey to fight Rassilon so they could free Borusa. Having redeemed himself with Rassilon, Borusa refused to go with them and worked with the Seventh Doctor and Romana to defeat Agonal by linking their minds. In the aftermath Romana decided to remain on Gallifrey. (PROSE: Blood Harvest) Immediately afterwards, Vampire cultist Ruath used the Time Scoop to seek the Vampire messiah Yarven and targeted the Fifth Doctor. Romana was invited to join the High Council at the same time. (PROSE: Goth Opera)

By the Rassilonian year 10639.5, centuries after the Capitol was redesigned by Overseer Luther, the Doctor was thought by some to be a myth. Elucidator Ziggi wrote the book Doctor Who?: In Search of the Old Times Fraud. This group were surprised when a wounded Eighth Doctor was brought to Gallifrey by the Higher Evolutionaries with Fey Truscott-Sade and Izzy Sinclair.

Gallifrey in ruins after the Final Chapter tried to use the Watchtower to change history. (COMIC: The Final Chapter)

As the Doctor recovered, Luther decided that it was the perfect time to initiate his plan to rewrite Gallifrey's history. The Final Chapter assembled in the Watchtower over the old Panoptican. Draining power directly from the Eye of Harmony, the Final Chapter journeyed to the Rassilonian year zero. The Doctor, Fey, Izzy, and Shayde managed to get into the Watchtower before it dematerialised. As the tower left Gallifrey it tore apart the entire Capitol. In the past, Shayde pretended to be the Doctor and jumped into the Watchtower's time column. He then redirected the Watchtower back to the now ruined present Gallifrey. (COMIC: The Final Chapter)

Romana's Presidency [ edit | edit source ]

Romana II succeeded Flavia as Lady President (PROSE: Happy Endings) after a coup overthrew Flavia's government. (AUDIO: Lies, Insurgency)

In year 6776.7 of the Rassilon Era, (AUDIO: Neverland) Romana was on a routine visit to Etra Prime when it disappeared. She was imprisoned there by the Daleks for twenty years. (AUDIO: The Apocalypse Element) During the ensuing caretaker presidency the Sirens of Time manipulated three incarnations of the Doctor to alter history to enable the Knights of Velyshaa to conquer Gallifrey. With the aid of the Temperon, the Doctors were able to correct the timeline. (AUDIO: The Sirens of Time)

In year 6796.8 of the Rassilon Era, (AUDIO: Neverland) the Sixth Doctor arrived on Archetryx during the Archetryx Convention. Vansell was at the convention spying on the other temporal powers' time machines. When Romana escaped the Daleks back to Gallifrey, they followed her and tricked Vansell into allowing them on the planet thinking them to be a deposition from the Monan Host. When on Gallifrey they slaughtered the Chancellery Guard as they needed the use of the Eye of Harmony, which was keyed to Evelyn Smythe's retina scan due to restricting the Dalek Movement around Gallifrey, in order to stop the Apocalypse Element's destruction of the Seriphia Galaxy this action killed all the Daleks on Gallifrey. (AUDIO: The Apocalypse Element)

The Time Lords agreed the Act of Master Restitution with the Daleks (PROSE: Meet the Doctor) and President Romana summoned the Doctor back to Gallifrey to give him a mission to Skaro. His TARDIS instead brought him to the House of Lungbarrow, when the Doctor discovered what has become of his cousins since his departure. When he failed to arrive, Romana had Dorothee McShane transducted to Gallifrey, but she was intercepted by the CIA. Believing Romana was off-world and neglecting her duties, CIA Head of Allegiance Ferain launched a military coup, capturing Leela. After they were rescued by K9, Romana ordered Dorothee and Leela to find the Doctor. They helped him and some of his cousins escape Lungbarrow before it collapsed. Ferain later agreed to stand down if Romana gave the Doctor the mission to Skaro. The Doctor set off for Skaro, with his companion Chris deciding to stay on Gallifrey. (PROSE: Lungbarrow) Another account suggested the President gave the Doctor the mission to Skaro after he captured the Eleven and had him imprisoned on Gallifrey. (AUDIO: The Eleven)

When Leela's pregnancy ended the Pythia's Curse, Romana negotiated peace with the Sisterhood of Karn and ended the long rift that existed between them and the Time Lords. (PROSE: Lungbarrow) According to the Book of Lies, within his tomb the "Great Grey Eminence" was upset by the return of life to Gallifrey, so he made a pact with Faction Paradox to fold the Doctor's life back upon itself and undo the changes. (PROSE: Unnatural History) Rassilon's spirit guided the amnesiac Eighth Doctor to make "small improvements to the pattern of history," after which Flavia was the current President and the Doctor went to travel with Sam Jones (PROSE: The Eight Doctors) rather than someone who would try to "screw" him. However, the Eighth Doctor was later able to remember both Flavia and Romana as the current President, (PROSE: Unnatural History) and he had memories of parents as well as being born of a Loom. (PROSE: The Shadows of Avalon) Later, he discovered that Romana was the current President. (WC: Shada, AUDIO: Neverland, Zagreus, PROSE: The Shadows of Avalon)

The Eighth Doctor recruited President Romana and her K9 to come with him to resolve a temporal discrpency by finishing their adventure in Cambridge in 1979 which had been erased (WC: Shada) by Borusa time-scopping them. (TV: The Five Doctors) He brought them back to Gallifrey afterwards, in time to deal with an incident caused by a vampire cult led by Handrel. (PROSE: The Time Lord’s Story)

Anti-Time crisis [ edit | edit source ]

On his travels, the Eighth Doctor saved Charlotte Pollard on the R101. (AUDIO: Storm Warning) According to Romana and Vansell this action wouldn't normally have changed the Web of Time, but the Neverperson Sentris used this event to break into the universe and caused an anti-time incursion which stretched the web to its limits. Vansell set the Matrix to remembering the correct path of history. At this point the matrix was predicting only one future, Romana becoming Imperiatrix. (AUDIO: Neverland)

A fleet of TARDISes began patrolling the Time Vortex to find the Doctor and Charley. (AUDIO: Embrace the Darkness) Using many Battle TARDISes the Celestial Intervention Agency captured the Doctor and Charley and planned to use Charley as a way to enter the universe of anti-time. Vansell thought that Rassilon was in this universe and planned to bring him back. This was a ploy by Sentris as the casket containing the supposed Rassilon was an anti-time bomb, which the Neverpeople planned to detonate passed the transduction barrier, as Gallifrey was the only place in the universe that hadn't been tainted by anti-time. The Doctor used his TARDIS to contain the explosion. (AUDIO: Neverland)

Irving Braxiatel was tasked with tracking the remnants of the Doctor's TARDIS, and notified Romana when it disappeared six months later. She went with Leela into the Death Zone, After Leela has a dream where Rassilon seemingly communicated woth her, where they discovered a Matrix door to Rassilon's Foundry, where she met the Doctor in the throes of Anti-Time infection and calling himself Zagreus. Rassilon intended to use Zagreus to destroy the Divergence, however Zagreus turned on him and cast him into the Divergent Universe. Despite his infection eventually being stabilised by his TARDIS, the Doctor banished himself to the Divergent Universe and Romana told him that he would never be able to return. (AUDIO: Zagreus)

The new Coordinator [ edit | edit source ]

After the Anti-Time Crisis, Romana discontinued the use of the Oubliette of Eternity, having discovered it sentenced it’s victims to be Neverpeople, (AUDIO: Neverland) however the new Coordinator Narvin asked to use it one last time to erase Bellascon. (AUDIO: Erasure)

Whilst Narvin was Coordinator, the Time Lords fell under the influence of the Now, pan-dimensional parasites. Struggling to resist, Narvin orchestrated for an alternate version of the Doctor from a parallel universe, who was currently travelling in Gallifrey’s universe with Bernice Summerfield, to be brought to Gallifrey in hopes of him finding a solution as the only unaffected Time Lord. (AUDIO: Gallifrey) After a failed attempt to capture them, (AUDIO: The Undying Truth) the Time Lords caught up with the Doctor and Benny after the Doctor activated a signal device. (AUDIO: Inertia) On Gallifrey Doctor was placed on trial for existing and appointed Benny his defender. Benny found the Time Lords’ behaviour very odd and Narvin discretely aided her by directing her to the archivist, who gave Benny enough knowledge about Gallifreyan law to find a way to transport the Doctor into the Matrix instead of being executed. He and Benny deduced the Now’s influence and he devised a solution to force every Time Lord to regenerate with the Crown of Rassilon, though backed down when he realised it would wipe out the entire Now and kill many Time Lords in the process. Narvin initiated the plan himself to the Doctor and Benny’s horror and revealed his true intentions, earning a punch from Benny. The Doctor and Benny then departed Gallifrey, (AUDIO: Gallifrey)

Free Time Movement and the Return of Pandora [ edit | edit source ]

Soon after on the planet Gryben, the Time Lords holding planet of unlicensed travel through the Time Vortex, the Free Time movement obtained a Timonic Fusion Device and planned to detonate it and destroy the Time Lords. The current Celestial Intervention Agency Coordinator Narvin sent Torvald and Leela there to discover its location. Whilst on this mission it was discovered that the Monan Host had agents on the planet, and if Narvin used the Battle TARDISes in orbit to stop the escalating actions of the human Nepenthe he would have provoke the third space war. To counteract this Romana head to the planet knowing that if the TARDISes had to bomb the planet the action was just as they chose to kill their president. The Timon Fusion Device was found to be a contrivance, as it jumped forward in time when the countdown finished instead of detonating, and there was no real threat. Narvin then initiated a presidential inquiry into Romana's actions. (AUDIO: Weapon of Choice)

Leela was then sent to investigate a temporal summit to see if it was a neutral as it was supposed to be, considering the actions of the Archetryx Convention. There Leela discovered that time was being rewritten to make the summit go smoothly. This removed the accidental death of an exotic dance by the Nekkistani ambassador Flinkstab and the murder of Pule of Unvoss. Leela told Romana of this and she arrived at the summit to expose Hossak as well as Narvin's actions after the Dalek attack on the Monan Host world as the Monan V'rell was committing terrorist acts because of it. (AUDIO: Square One)

By now Romana's inquiry was ready and Inquisitor Prime Darkel, who had previously resided over the Sixth Doctor's trial, was presenting the case for the prosecution. In obtaining evidence for his mistress, K9 Mark II accidentally set of a data bomb in the Matrix. It was extrapolated that Irving Braxiatel had intended to set it there to expose Glower and Narvin’s Project Alpha. In discovering this information, Romana found that Braxiatel was transgressing the Laws of Time by conversing to his past and future selves in creating the Braxiatel Collection. As Braxiatel did not recall actually having planted the bomb due to the project‘s discontinuing, Romana realised history had been changed ans confirmed from Narvin that Alpha had stopped due to the Timonic Fusion Device disappearing. She and Braxiatel corrected history by travelling back in time and stopping servitors stealing the Device to deliver to Free Time, resulting in Project Alpha going ahead and destroying the planet Minyos, which was covered up by the High Council at the time and the start of Narvin’s career in the CIA. Darkel abandoned the inquiry, as due to the temporal machinations the Device on Gryben had now been both fake and real. (AUDIO: The Inquiry)

Mephistopheles Arkadian invited Romana to France in 1939, as she would find something useful about the Free Time movement and the CIA agent Torvald. As she, Leela, Narvin and Torvald encountered Torvald’s past self, it was revealed that Andred was not dead and had been impersonating Torvald for months, as he could not account for the younger Torvald’s actions. It was also discovered that Torvald had been behind the theft of the Device to spark a crisis on Gryben, though he had not lived to see it through himself. (AUDIO: A Blind Eye)

Romana decided to allow non-Gallifreyans to attend the Time Lord Academy, much to the disdain of Darkel. It was at this time that an ancient evil from Gallifrey's past started to regain a presence by hijacking Narvin's brainwaves. As Leela was combing the catacombs after discovering that her husband was not dead, she encounter Pandora, Gallifrey's first Imperiatrix was manifesting itself in the Matrix. Romana had encountered Pandora in her youth and was given the Imperiatrix Imprimatur. Pandora wanted to make herself corporeal by taking over Romana's biodata. K9 managed to squeeze her back into the Matrix. (AUDIO: Lies) Leela and Romana went to Davidia to recuperate, when a rogue TARDIS passed through the security barriers and a severely burnt Time Lord came out. As his TARDIS was currently present on Gallifrey, it was assumed he had come from the future. (AUDIO: Spirit)

On returning back to Gallifrey, Darkel manipulated the situation to put Castellan Wynter, who was inexperienced, in charge of the investigation of the burnt Time Lord. She also persuaded Romana to allow Braxiatel to become Chancellor. Meanwhile the student Gillestes tried to poison the water in the name of Free Time, though Andred stopped her. K9 analysed the poison and found it to be the Dogma Virus. Pandora then invaded Wynter's mind who went mad and tried to stop her but drinking the Dogma Virus vial, crushing his hands and burning himself with K9's laser becoming the burnt Time Lord he was investigating. Pandora managed to escape the Matrix using Braxiatel's ambition, but Braxiatel stopped her. He had to be banished to stop her manifesting again, as she was still in his minf, and Darkel had his chancellorship stripped from him. (AUDIO: Pandora)

Leela then started teaching at the academy as Braxiatel's last request. Here she taught about how to live in Time Lord society. With the new Chancellor Valyes, Darkel proceeded to try to find any ways to get the alien students of the planet. In the process she caused the death of Taylor Addison who was trying to keep his friends together throughout this time, he discovered a chamber under the Panopticon and was killed trying to find it's secrets. By this time Romana was conversing with the future aspect of Pandora still in the Matrix, usually through K9, to find a way to stop this insurrection. It was during one of these conversations she was briefly taken over by Pandora and killed Andred. Darkel openly challenged her presidency, and started an election. (AUDIO: Insurgency)

After this challenge, there was an open terrorist attack on the Academy, caused by Antimon. This gained Darkel many followers and, after a second bombing in the scapheport, a full High Council session was called to deal with this crisis where Darkel intended to launch a coup. Guided by the future aspect of Pandora, Romana thought that the only answer was declare herself Imperiatrix and become a dictator, letting Pandora possess K9 to find the Great Key. Ar the session, Romana saw off Darkel’s coup and Antimon revealed himself to be a Free Time agent and planned to kill the High Council, Romana and Darkel. Romana had to free K9 of Pandora to allow him to stop the bombs, which Pandora demanded she connect to the Matrix first. In doing this, Romana allowed Pandora manifested herself completely through her first incarnation. She claimed her title back and declared civil war. (AUDIO: Imperiatrix) Pandora was supported by Darkel and Valyes. (AUDIO: Fractures)

Pandora negotiates with Romana II while in the form of Romana I. (AUDIO: Warfare)

Romana spent most of the civil war destroying infrastructure of the capitol, on one such mission she instructed Leela and Narvin the destroy the Artron forum. After the failure of the mission, leaving Leela blind and Narvin severely injured, they fled to the outlands and to the Anomaly Vaults to find a way to defeat Pandora. In the vaults they discovered the CIA assassin Aesino and became trapped in the vaults. They escaped via the use of Braxiatel's transmat that K9 gave Romana to the academy. (AUDIO: Fractures) Pandora accelerated her attack by creating a technological variant of the Dogma virus. Darkel tried to trick Matthias into infecting Romana with the virus but instead infected Hallan. Romana then won the war by trapping Pandora in the Matrix and then wiping it clean. (AUDIO: Warfare)

With the Matrix lost to them and the technological variant of the virus infecting systems across the Capitol, Gallifrey was prone to invasion. The Sunari, Nekkistani and Warpsmiths of Phaidon took advantage of this and invaded to emancipate their students who were caught up in the war. Romana was incapacitated due to her defeat of Pandora, and Valyes became acting president and planned to resign and give the presidency to Darkel. Mathias used the situation to become de facto vice president of Gallifrey and negotiated a peace settlement. (AUDIO: Arbitration) There was a power struggle, and a presidential elections was called, with Romana, Darkel, and Matthias contesting the role. Matthias found a loophole and got Romana's candidacy revoked as she would have been impeached. Darkel also had Romana's presidency annulled up to the point Pandora escaped from the Matrix. Because of this Braxiatel returned to the planet as chancellor and became president. Darkel tried to get him to loose control of the part of Pandora in his mind, which occurred and she was killed as a result. Braxiatel then resigned and named Matthias as is successor. (AUDIO: Mindbomb)

Dogma Virus Outbreak and Restoration of Romana [ edit | edit source ]

To gain capital for the planet, Matthias invited Mephistopheles Arkadian to the planet to sell of Pandora's temporal weaponry. Romana then started to investigate the Dogma Virus infestation, and discovered that a large proportion of the population were infected and being contained in a zombified state. Elbon was trying to find a cure. As part of the bargain with Arkadian, Romana was sent with Elbon to deliver the weapons to the buyers as they had the cure to the Dogma Virus. Meanwhile Leela and Narvin weren't sure about Arkadian and chased him to the Biodata Archive just when it was time scooped by Braxiatel. Braxiatel then asked for a decision on whether to use the cure for the Dogma Virus, however it was taken out of his hands when Elbon seized the cure and ran for the TARDIS. He was shot by a servitor Braxiatel had set to guard it from Arkadian, and regenerated into a zombie which dematerialised the TARDIS. Without a cure or way home, Braxiatel left it up to a Romana what they did now. (AUDIO: Panacea) Romana, Braxiatel, Narvin and Leela then went to the Axis to explore alternative Gallifreys for a better cure for the Dogma Virus. (AUDIO: Reborn, Disassembled, Annihilation, Forever, Emancipation, Evolution, Arbitration) In the meantime, the Dogma Virus pandemic escalated when the contagious zombies escaped. (AUDIO: Panacea) Matthias ordered them quarantined in time locked facilities. After this was carried out, he resigned as President and went into exile. (AUDIO: Ascension)

President Romana II meets a Matrix projection of her future incarnation. (AUDIO: Renaissance)

Romana, Narvin and Leela returned to the main universe after the Dalek invasion of the Gallifrey they settled on. (AUDIO: Extermination) On returning to a ruined Gallifrey, Romana encountered her next incarnation who told her that they needed to rebuild Gallifrey, and transplanted her capitol with the current one. Trying to keep the Eye of Harmony and Transduction barrier from destroying Gallifrey she accidentally killed the Unvossi ambassador who came to the planet. When the balance between the Eye and the Barrier became unstable Romana managed to fix it but the dimensional forces started her regeneration. (AUDIO: Renaissance) This occurred in the Matrix.

Under orders sent to him by Narvin, the Fourth Doctor almost destroys the Daleks during their creation. (TV: Genesis of the Daleks)

Romana returned to Gallifrey and discovered the state that the Dogma Virus had left the planet in. Having discovered a workable cure and now restored as President, she rewrote the biodata of the Time Lords and destroyed the virus. It was during this time that Slyne, a Castellan from an alternate Gallifrey, opened the Matrix and allowed the Daleks to invade. Leela gave Romana a message from her future incarnation saying that her plan was ready. Romana lured the Daleks into the Matrix and sealed herself in there, seemingly trapping herself. (AUDIO: Ascension)

Narvin realised that Gallifrey would fall without her and sent Valyes to meet the Fourth Doctor and order him to avert the creation of the Daleks, not knowing that the Romana trapped in the Matrix was actually an avatar. In doing so Narvin accidentally started the Last Great Time War. (AUDIO: Ascension) Valyes told the Doctor that the Time Lords has foreseen a future where Daleks became the dominant lifeform in the universe and that they had brought him and his companions, Sarah Jane Smith, and Harry Sullivan, to Skaro during the creation of the Daleks. He informed them that they had to stop Davros' experiments and gave them a time ring to escape. The Doctor was unable to stop the creation of the Daleks, but still changed history by forcing Davros to rush the creation. (TV: Genesis of the Daleks) The Time Lords monitored the changes to history, with a few hundred worlds now saved from the Daleks, and supplied the Doctor with a replacement time ring after distortions from his alterations to history caused damage to it. (PROSE: A Device of Death) Another account suggested the mission had actually occurred earlier in Time Lord history and that it had been Ferain who had met the Doctor on Skaro. (PROSE: Lungbarrow)

As President, Romana deployed Leela as an Time Lord agent to investigate time breaks in the 1890s (AUDIO: Dead Men’s Tales) and someone impersonating her. (AUDIO: Emancipation) She and Leela together investigated the Sirens of Time’s meddling with the Henlan test flight, working with nine incarnations of the Doctor to correct the timeline. (AUDIO: Collision Course)

In the original timeline, Romana boarded a malfunctioning Monan vessel on the edge of Gallifreyan space, the Moros, intending to regenerate to save it’s failing engines and prevent a diplomatic incident. Leela followed her, forcing Romana to transmat her to safety on Legion. Alone, Romana regenerated into her third incarnation, saving the Moros. (AUDIO: Enemy Lines)

War on Gallifrey [ edit | edit source ]

For centuries, Time Lords like Greyjan the Sane (PROSE: The Ancestor Cell) and Thessalia had been predicting that their civilisation would be ravaged by a great war. (PROSE: The Book of the War) Matrix prophecies increasingly predicted that Gallifrey itself would be destroyed. (PROSE: The Infinity Doctors, The Gallifrey Chronicles, AUDIO: The Crucible of Souls) After the Seventh Doctor regenerated into the Eighth, (TV: Doctor Who) these events came to pass. (PROSE: Alien Bodies, TV: The Night of the Doctor)

Return of Omega [ edit | edit source ]

Sometime after Romana II regenerated into her third incarnation while fixing the engines of the Moros, (AUDIO: Enemy Lines) a threatening anomaly began growing in Mutter's Spiral. Romana discovered that the Adherents of Ohm were still active on Gallifrey and were planning the return of Omega. One of their members, Tauras, took Celestial Intervention Agency operative Ace to Earth and used the Hand of Omega to create a black hole to Omega's domain. Omega then possessed Tauras and, despite pursuit from Narvin and Romana, escaped in Ace's TARDIS. Romana, Ace, and Narvin tried to follow but were trapped in the black hole until Romana was rescued by Irving Braxiatel. (AUDIO: Intervention Earth)

After the return of Omega, a war began that devastated Gallifrey. However, Braxiatel went back in time and stopped Romana II from regenerating on the Moros, then guided her in stepping down from the Presidency in an attempt to avoid the start of the conflict. (AUDIO: Enemy Lines)

The War in Heaven [ edit | edit source ]

The Homeworld's most infamous renegade returned several times over the course of decades with warnings of an enemy preparing for war against the Great Houses. These warnings were largely ignored, climaxing in the Head of the Presidency's attempt to disprove the rumours through the Faraway Declaration. However, the Declaration instead proved the enemy's existence and demonstrated their malice, and the Homeworld began to prepare for war with the former renegade becoming the War King. (PROSE: The Book of the War) In fear of the fight to come, the Celestial Intervention Agency preemptively erased themselves from time to become the noncorporeal Celestis. (PROSE: Alien Bodies)

Increased tensions between enemy representatives and Time Lord forces on Dronid climaxed in the Cataclysm and the beginning of the War in Heaven. (PROSE: Alien Bodies, The Book of the War) Immediately, the House Military engaged the enemy across the Spiral Politic, including the Thousand-Year Battles on Utterlost, Kaiwar, and Mohandassa. However, the approach of this "First Wave" was ineffective against the enemy, leading to further innovations in subsequent Waves. (PROSE: The Book of the War) The enemy launched a direct attack on the Homeworld which destroyed many technologies, including the Sash of Rassilon, Hand of Omega and De-mat Gun. Despite the attack having caught the Time Lords by surprise, the War King’s preparations prevented Gallifrey’s destruction. (PROSE: Alien Bodies, The Book of the War)

The War in Heaven brought substantial changes to Gallifreyan society. (PROSE: Alien Bodies, The Taking of Planet 5) Many renegade Time Lords like Borusa and the Rani returned to Gallifrey to help train soldiers, (PROSE: The Taking of Planet 5) By the Fourth Wave, the House Military had begun recruiting "regen-inf" soldiers from the lesser species and, even more radically, incorporating foreign biodata into the Looms. Many Newblood Houses were created, and the identities of the six ruling Houses was in constant flux, with a deep divide opening between the traditional political Houses and the new, Military ones. (PROSE: The Book of the War)

During the War, several duplicates of Gallifrey were constructed. These were collectively known as the Nine Gallifreys, (PROSE: The Shadows of Avalon) although there were truly far more than nine. Many of these duplicate Homeworlds believed themselves to be the original, creating their own cloneworlds in kind. (PROSE: The Book of the War) On one duplicate, (PROSE: The Story So Far. ) ruled by Romana III, the Time Lords predicted the oncoming War by observing the war in the Obverse. (PROSE: The Shadows of Avalon) However, before the fighting reached her Gallifrey, it was attacked by Faction Paradox forces led by Mother Mathara. To prevent the Faction from taking control, the Eighth Doctor destroyed Gallifrey. (PROSE: The Ancestor Cell) The Doctor preserved the minds of all the Time Lords by downloading the entire Matrix into his own mind, suppressing his memories. (PROSE: The Gallifrey Chronicles)

In the sixth decade of the War, the Homeworld was fighting against the enemy on 920 fronts. (AUDIO: Body Politic) House Lolita gained support among the War Council after its sole member, the rogue timeship Lolita, destroyed Faction Paradox's Eleven-Day Empire. (AUDIO: The Shadow Play, In the Year of the Cat) She successfully infiltrated several societies throughout the Spiral Politic, becoming Queen of England, (AUDIO: In the Year of the Cat) President of the United States, (PROSE: Head of State) and, after killing the War King, Lady President of the Homeworld. (AUDIO: Body Politic) However, she was defeated by the combined forces of Horus and the Osirian Court in a plot organised by Cousin Justine of Faction Paradox. (AUDIO: The Judgment of Sutekh)

In the post-War universe, the Time Lords appeared to have been erased from history. (PROSE: The Adventuress of Henrietta Street) Four Time Lords were known to have survived, (PROSE: The Adventuress of Henrietta Street, The Gallifrey Chronicles) including the amnesiac Eighth Doctor. He encountered a fellow survivor, Marnal, on Earth. Marnal attempted to hold him accountable for the destruction of Gallifrey, however relented when the Doctor discovered the Matrix’s presence in his mind with the aid of K9. Though Marnal subsequently perished during the Vore invasion of Earth, the Doctor intended to find a way to restore the Time Lords. (PROSE: The Gallifrey Chronicles) He had previously glimpsed restored Time Lords in the Tomorrow Windows. (PROSE: The Tomorrow Windows)

The Last Great Time War [ edit | edit source ]

After a timeline change by Braxiatel and the Watchmaker, meaning Romana didn’t regenerate on the Moros and stepped down as President for Livia, (AUDIO: Enemy Lines) hostilities between the Time Lords and the Dalek Empire began to escalate. (AUDIO: Dark Eyes

Various Time Lord factions began to prepare for war, which the Matrix had begun to predict. Cardinal Prime Padrac assembled a coalition of renegades to takeover Gallifrey and destroy the rest of the universe to safeguard the Time Lords. (AUDIO: Songs of Love) Their scheme was stopped by the Eighth Doctor and Helen. (AUDIO: Stop the Clock) Under-Cardinal Rasmus began research into alternate power sources, in case the Eye of Harmony was compromised, on Deeptime Frontier. (AUDIO: Deeptime Frontier) Deputy CIA Coordinator Narvin began clandestine missions under the title “Coordinator in Extremis” to avert the war, which his superior Coordinator Romana was well aware of. (AUDIO: Desperate Measures) Narvin recruited the Master to use the Eminence against the Daleks (AUDIO: Eyes of the Master) The Master went rogue, using the Eminence to his own ends, forcing Narvin to work with the Doctor to stop him. (AUDIO: Dark Eyes 3) Narvin would later recruit the Master again, in a later incarnation, to obtain swenyo needed for constructing battleships from Callous. By this point Narvin had accepted the war as an inevitability. (AUDIO: Sins of the Father) Eventually President Livia founded the War Council, which frequently came into conflict with the CIA and commenced Project Revenant to enable the resurrections of Time Lords. (AUDIO: Celestial Intervention)

A Time Lord in a craft amid the destruction of the Last Great Time War (PROSE: The Whoniverse)

The Daleks began attacking the Temporal Powers, exterminating the Monan Host, the Nekkistani and Sunari. (AUDIO: Desperate Measures) After the fall of Phaidon, President Livia formally declared the the Last Great Time War and called for a halt in the rivalry between the CIA and War Council. (AUDIO: Celestial Intervention)

In the early days of the War, the Time Lords fought the Daleks at Keetol, (AUDIO: The Heavenly Paradigm) the Gates of Elysium, (PROSE: The Third Wise Man) and the Obscura. (AUDIO: Soldier Obscura) The War Council sent a reactivation signal to any surviving N-Forms. (AUDIO: Desperate Measures) A group of Gallifreyan children working in a munitions factory on Gallifrey were targeted by Daleks from a later point in the Time War and were saved by the War Doctor from the same future time period. (PROSE: The Stranger) The Master was commissioned by the Time Lords to create the Rage (AUDIO: Darkness and Light) and eventually recruited by the CIA, however quickly went rogue again. (AUDIO: The Devil You Know)

Two months into the War, Project Revenant was destroyed by the CIA to prevent the Daleks capturing it. however it’s true purpose was served regardless as Rassilon was resurrected by the War Council. He was declared Lord President Eternal. (AUDIO: Desperate Measures) He established a new regime, making Livia his Prime Minister and dismantling the Chancellery Guard in favour of Cardinal Mantus‘s Interior Defence Unit. Rassilon declared that any worlds who refused to aid the Time Lords in their campaign would be considered enemies. (AUDIO: Havoc) After learning that Rassilon had authorised the destruction of neutral planet Ysalus as an example, (AUDIO: Collateral) CIA Coordinator Romana attempted to assassinate him. She failed, though forced him to regenerate, and was exiled from Gallifrey with her Deputy Narvin, with the CIA being subsumed into the IDU. (AUDIO: Assassins) After his regeneration, Rassilon largely distanced himself from the running of government, delegating to Livia and Mantus in the Capitol and the General in the field, and became obssessed with the idea of the Time Lords ascending to higher dimensions. (AUDIO: Homecoming)

The Doctor refused to join the Time Lords' cause, (AUDIO: Soldier Obscura) though his granddaughter Susan did answer their call to arms. (AUDIO: All Hands on Deck) Cardinal Ollistra attempted to conscript him on the Moon of Tenacity, but was forced to abandon the effort when the Daleks invaded. (AUDIO: The Conscript) The Doctor did occasionally work with the Time Lords away from the front lines, such as investigating Doctor Ogron, (AUDIO: Planet of the Ogrons) assisting the resistance on Uzmal, (AUDIO: Jonah) helping Major Tamasan track down Shonnath (AUDIO: Fugitive in Time) and attempting to save Osskah’s world. (PROSE: Osskah) Over time the Doctor’s stance against his people hardened after witnessing actions such as their occupation of Derilobia, (AUDIO: The Lords of Terror) devastation of Drakkis, (AUDIO: The Sontaran Ordeal) and bombings on Reave. (AUDIO: A Heart on Both Sides)

The typical uniform of Time Lord soldiers during the Time War (TV: The Day of the Doctor)

After his recreation, (AUDIO: Fugitive in Time) the Time Lords pressed the Valeyard into service. Without the Doctor’s morality, the Valeyard won them many battles and managed to erase the Daleks completely using a superweapon on Grahv, where the Time Lords promptly imprisoned him in a time lock. (AUDIO: The War Valeyard) For a time the Time Lords enjoyed peace, (AUDIO: Dreadshade) however this proved short-lived as the Dalek Time Strategist restored the Daleks using dimensional engineering and the War recommenced. (AUDIO: Restoration of the Daleks)

A resistance to Rassilon’s rule grew from exiled Time Lords and aliens whose worlds had been devastated by his campaign. Rassilon issued two speeches in response, first condemning the resistance and calling for their extermination, rhetoric which unsettled Livia, and then denouncing them as irrelevant. The exiled Narvin agreed to help the resistance’s plan to pollute the Time Vortex to deprive both sides of time travel (AUDIO: Deception) and they constructed a stealth Battle TARDIS primed to detonate, intended to be placed by the Untempered Schism. As the resistance initiated their plan, with Narvin and Leela piloting the TARDIS into Kasterborous, the Daleks launched a gambit to seize Gallifrey with null zone technology using to to pilot a saucer right above Gallifrey, bypassing the Vortex and the Time Lords’ defences. Whilst the Daleks waited for their null zone power source to recharge, Rassilon ordered the Fifth Battle Fleet to attack them, which proved futile, and then summoned more forces and conscripted Livia and Mantus into the fight. They were intercepted by Narvin and worked with him to detonate the Battle TARDIS onboard the saucer, as he realised the resistance’s plan was useless if the Daleks could simply bypass the Vortex. After the incident Rassilon decided to take a more personal role in the conduct of the Time War. (AUDIO: Homecoming)

After dying on Karn, the Doctor was finally convinced by the Sisterhood that he could not escape the War and regenerated into a warrior. (TV: The Night of the Doctor) After initially fighting as a free agent, (COMIC: Ambush) the War Doctor fought alongside the Time Lords for centuries, including at Skull Moon (TV: Hell Bent) and the Keska Incident, (AUDIO: The Thousand Worlds, The Heart of the Battle) gaining a reputation among Gallifreyan soldiers. (TV: Hell Bent) The Sontarans told legends of the Doctor leading the Time Lords into battle. (TV: The Sontaran Stratagem)

The Time Lords allied with the Technomancers to resurrect their soldiers. After discovering this alliance, the War Doctor wiped the Technomancers out upon learning they were exploiting the arrangement to bring the Horned Ones into existence. For this Cardinal Ollistra had him imprisoned as a war criminal. (AUDIO: Legion of the Lost) To regain his freedom, Ollistra manipulated him into investigating the anima device (AUDIO: A Thing of Guile) and the Neverwhen, where the Doctor found hundreds of Time Lord soldiers stuck in a perpetual battle. (AUDIO: The Neverwhen) The Doctor continued to answer to Ollistra, stopping the Daleks invading Earth via the Shadow Vortex on her orders, (AUDIO: The Shadow Vortex) rescuing her from the Sontarans (AUDIO: The Eternity Cage) and helping her escaped from the Time Strategist’s forces which subsequently pursued them. (AUDIO: Eye of Harmony, Pretty Lies, The Lady of Obsidian) When the Dalek Time Strategist blackmailed the Enigma, Gallifrey was briefly overwritten to be a Dalek planet until the War Doctor convinced it to stand up to the Daleks and play no further part in the war, though he did suggest it could wipe out both sides to finally end the conflict. This caused him and Ollistra to fall out. (AUDIO: The Enigma Dimension) The War Doctor later attempted to stop Ollistra’s plan to unleash the Great Vampires on a Dalek fleet. (COMIC: The Bidding War)

Lord President Rassilon addresses the Time Lords. (TV: The End of Time)

After more than 400 years of war, the Dalek Eternity Circle developed the Temporal Cannon in the Tantalus Eye, intending to fire it at Gallifrey and erase it from existence. Rassilon devised a plan to foil their scheme by detonating the Tear of Isha in the Eye, wiping out numerous innocent planets in the process. In the Battle for the Tantalus Eye the War Doctor saw to the destruction of the Cannon and Gallifrey's survival by alternate means. Appalled by the Time Lords' measures, the War Doctor turned against his people, vowing to end the War for good. (PROSE: Engines of War) Rassilon officially declared the Doctor a traitor and exiled him from Gallifrey. (PROSE: The Whoniverse)

The last days of the War saw the Daleks break Arcadia’s defences (TV: The Last Day) and invade Gallifrey’s second city. The Doctor left a message for the Time Lords at the battle, “NO MORE”, and then stole the Moment from the Omega Vault, intending to destroy both sides to finally end the War. (TV: The Day of the Doctor)

Refusing to die, Rassilon initiated the Ultimate Sanction to end time itself to free the Time Lords from physical bodies. He implanted a four-beat signal into the Master's mind and then sent a White-Point Star diamond to 2009 Earth. With the drumming as a signal and the diamond as a connection, the Master, who had survived the war, broke the Time lock at the end of the war and pulled a group of Time Lords through to Earth, and also pulled Gallifrey through, beginning a chain reaction which would tear the Time Vortex apart. However, Gallifrey was returned to the last day of the Time War inside the Time lock when the Tenth Doctor destroyed the White-Point Star within the Nuclear Bolt that was generating the signal, with the Master turning on Rassilon and attacking him, resulting in him brought back to the Time War too. (TV: The End of Time)

Unable to breach the Capitol's sky trenches, the Daleks surrounded and bombarded Gallifrey. Thanks to the Moment, the Doctor found an alternative to destroying Gallifey. He worked with twelve of his other incarnations to freeze Gallifrey and the surviving Time Lords in time and transfer Gallifrey to a pocket universe, "like a painting", where it was safe from the Daleks, who destroyed themselves in their own crossfire. (TV: The Day of the Doctor) Due to the memory of these events being wiped from every incarnation before the Eleventh Doctor, the Ninth Doctor believed himself responsible for the destruction of both the Time Lords and Gallifrey. (TV: The End of the World, Dalek)

However, at least one account showed that the widespread belief in the Time Lords' destruction was correct, (PROSE: Doctor Who and the Time War) with the Eleventh Doctor encountering a version of the Matrix which had been driven to demented sentience by the sudden death of all the Time Lords on Gallifrey at the hands of the Doctor. The upload of these millions of Gallifreyans' experience to the Matrix had overloaded its system and turned it into one jumbled, sentient entity thirsting for revenge having been born of untold death, it knew no other purpose than to visit the same death on the rest of creation by enacting Rassilon's "Final Sanction" itself. (COMIC: Sky Jacks)

After the Time War [ edit | edit source ]

While the Time Lords were hiding in the pocket universe, most believed them to be dead. (TV: The End of the World, et al) Their position as keepers of the Web of Time was fought over by many time-active races, including the Cybermen, the Sontarans, and the Unon. The Time Agency eventually asserted themselves as the new protectors of time. (COMIC: Weapons of Past Destruction)

After the Eleventh Doctor's TARDIS was destroyed by the Silence, a number of cracks in the fabric of reality appeared in the universe. (TV: The Big Bang) The Time Lords began reaching out through a crack on the planet Trenzalore sending the message "Doctor who?" in order that the Eleventh Doctor might speak his true name and return them to the universe. The message was received by a great number of species. Some came to Trenzalore to fight the Time Lords should they return. (TV: The Time of the Doctor) Others, such as the Voord, feared that the Time Lords would restore history to as it was before the Time War and hid. (COMIC: Four Doctors)

Rather than restart the Time War, the Doctor refused for hundreds of years. The Time Lords did save the dying Doctor's life by granting him the a new cycle of regenerations, allowing him to regenerate into the Twelfth Doctor before closing the crack and sealing themselves away in the pocket universe. (TV: The Time of the Doctor) The Twelfth Doctor later stopped the Daleks and Cybermen from taking control of the Gallifreyan starship Starbane. (GAME: The Doctor and the Dalek)

The Capitol after Gallifrey returned from the pocket dimension. (TV: Hell Bent)

Shortly afterwards, the Time Lords and Gallifrey left the dimension they were frozen in, returning to the universe, but were now at the extreme end of the time continuum, "for its own protection". (TV: Hell Bent) The Time Lords cured the Master of his "condition" and he soon left Gallifrey in his TARDIS in "a mutual kicking [him] out". (TV: The Doctor Falls)

Fearing that the Visionary's prophecy of "Gallifrey falling" would now come about by the Hybrid, Rassilon sought out information on the creature. Convinced by Missy that the Twelfth Doctor knew of it, (PROSE: A Brief History of Time Lords) Rassilon engineered a trap for his rival. Under his orders, Mayor Me, (TV: Hell Bent) tricked the Twelfth Doctor into having a teleport bracelet attached to his arm, and was teleported (TV: Face the Raven) inside his confession dial where he was tortured to confess what he knew about the Hybrid. Instead, he gradually tried breaking out of a wall of azbantium inside the dial through repeatedly burning his old body to create a new one. (TV: Heaven Sent) After approximately 4.5 billion years, (TV: Hell Bent) the Doctor broke free. (TV: Heaven Sent) Rassilon was then dethroned from his position by the Doctor and the Time Lords, and the Doctor later ran with Clara Oswald to a later period of Gallifrey in a TARDIS. (TV: Hell Bent)

In his exile, Rassilon came across the last remnant of the Cybermen, entering into an alliance with them. With Rassilon's knowledge of Gallifrey's defences, the Gallifreyan Cyber Fleet invaded and quickly conquered the planet. The Cybermen rounded up the Time Lords and wired them into looms so as to feed their regenerative energy into the Eye of Harmony while using Gallifrey as their new capital to launch their assaults on all of space/time. The Twelfth Doctor and Rassilon eventually managed to negate this timeline of events, with the Doctor wondering if anyone but him had any memory of what had never happened. (COMIC: Supremacy of the Cybermen)

Shortly before its destruction, River Song returned to Gallifrey and absconded with the Black Scrolls of Rassilon. (PROSE: The Guide to the Dark Times)

End of Gallifrey and the truth revealed [ edit | edit source ]

In retaliation for "the lie of the Timeless Child", a secret kept by the Founding Fathers of Gallifrey, the Master revealed to the Thirteenth Doctor that he had returned to the planet, once again "hiding in its little bubble universe", and razed it to the ground, supposedly killing everyone there. Indeed, when the Doctor returned to Gallifrey after learning this, she found the Capitol in ruins. (TV: Spyfall)

A ruined Gallifrey appeared to the Thirteenth Doctor across the Boundary shortly after Ko Sharmus showed it to her. The Master, arriving on the planet of the Boundary via the Boundary himself, warned her that "everything [was] about to change… forever". (TV: Ascension of the Cybermen) The Master led the Doctor back to the ruins of the Capitol while inviting the Cybermen, led by Ashad, to the planet. The Master used the Matrix to show the Doctor the true history of Gallifrey and the Timeless Child which revealed that early in Gallifrey's history, the explorer and scientist Tecteun discovered the Timeless Child on another planet, a young girl with the ability to regenerate an infinite number of times. Tecteun's experiments on the child granted her the ability to regenerate as well with the Gallifreyans growing over time and declaring themselves Time Lords until Tecteun suggested giving themselves the ability to regenerate, though they limited it to twelve regenerations per Time Lord. The Time Lords eventually redacted the truth from the Matrix and the mind of the Timeless Child who would ultimately become the Doctor.

The Master with his CyberMasters, the upgraded remains of the Time Lords. (TV: The Timeless Children)

Using the cyber conversion machines on Ashad's Cybercarrier, the Master transformed the dead Time Lords into a race of CyberMasters: Cybermen with the ability to regenerate, in effect an invincible army. To stop him, the Doctor intended to detonate the death particle and wipe out all organic life on the planet while sending her companions home in a TARDIS. However, Ko Sharmus decided to sacrifice himself instead while the Doctor escaped the planet in another TARDIS. Ko Sharmus detonated the death particle in his last moments, wiping out all organic life left on Gallifrey, presumably including the Master and his army. (TV: The Timeless Children) The Doctor later told Ryan Sinclair that all life on Gallifrey had been destroyed thanks to Ko Sharmus and the death particle. (TV: Revolution of the Daleks)

After the end [ edit | edit source ]

New Alexandria, the planet on which the Crystal Bucephalus was located, was built in the ruined remains of Gallifrey. (PROSE: The Crystal Bucephalus) So was Ardethe. (PROSE: Deadfall) Christine Summerfield wrote Dead Romance in the ruins of an abandoned Gallifrey after escaping the bottle universe (PROSE: Dead Romance) and before joining Faction Paradox. (AUDIO: The Eleven Day Empire)

According to the Somnus Foundation, when the end of the universe began to occur, the Time Lords left this reality along with some species that they deemed worthy of survival, which did not include humanity. (AUDIO: Singularity)

According to one account, apparently 60 billion years after 2367 AD, at the end of the universe, Gallifrey had been destroyed and Winkle's Wonderland had been relocated there. The Divergence made an attempt to break free at the end. (AUDIO: Zagreus)

According to a historical account, Gallifrey and the last of the immortals were all that remained in the universe near its end. (PROSE: The Whoniverse) 5 minutes before "Hell", Gallifrey was maintained by a reality bubble when Me was the only being left in the ruined Cloisters. Me watched stars die, and later left Gallifrey at the final moments before the universe's end with the Twelfth Doctor and Clara Oswald in a TARDIS after the Doctor's memory of Clara was wiped by a neural block. Clara and Me later returned to Gallifrey, "the long way around". (TV: Hell Bent)


Oracle

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Oracle, (Latin oraculum from orare, “to pray,” or “to speak”), divine communication delivered in response to a petitioner’s request also, the seat of prophecy itself. Oracles were a branch of divination but differed from the casual pronouncements of augurs by being associated with a definite person or place. For example, the oracles of Zeus originated at Dodona, Olympia, or Siwa those of the Sibyl were in general circulation, but their provenance was unknown.

Oracular shrines were numerous in antiquity, and at each the god was consulted by a fixed means of divination. The method could be simple, such as the casting of lots or the rustling of tree leaves, or more sophisticated, taking the form of a direct inquiry of an inspired person who then gave the answer orally. One of the most common methods was incubation, in which the inquirer slept in a holy precinct and received an answer in a dream.

The most famous ancient oracle was that of Apollo at Delphi, located on the slopes of Mt. Parnassus above the Corinthian Gulf. Traditionally, the oracle first belonged to Mother Earth (Gaea) but later was either given to or stolen by Apollo. At Delphi the medium was a woman over fifty, known as the Pythia, who lived apart from her husband and dressed in a maiden’s clothes. Though the oracle, at first called Pytho, was known to Homer and was the site of a Mycenaean settlement, its fame did not become Panhellenic until the 7th and 6th centuries bc , when Apollo’s advice or sanction was sought by lawmakers, colonists, and founders of cults. The Pythia’s counsel was most in demand to forecast the outcome of projected wars or political actions.

Consultations were normally restricted to the seventh day of the Delphic month, Apollo’s birthday, and were at first banned during the three winter months when Apollo was believed to be visiting the Hyperboreans in the north, though Dionysus later took Apollo’s place at Delphi during that time. According to the usual procedure, sponsors were necessary, as was the provision of a pelanos (ritual cake) and a sacrificial beast that conformed to rigid physical standards. The Pythia and her consultants first bathed in the Castalian spring afterward, she drank from the sacred spring Cassotis and then entered the temple. There she apparently descended into a basement cell, mounted a sacred tripod, and chewed leaves of the laurel, Apollo’s sacred tree. While in her abnormal state, the Pythia would speak, intelligibly or otherwise. Her words, however, were not directly recorded by the inquirer instead they were interpreted and written down by the priests in what was often highly ambiguous verse.

In addition to Delphi, there were less frequented oracles at Thebes, Tegyra, and Ptoon in Boeotia, at Abae in Phocis, at Corope in Thessaly, and on Delos, Apollo’s birthplace. In Anatolia the god’s oracles at Patara, Branchidae, Claros, and Grynium were also well known, though none rivaled Delphi.

The oracle of Zeus at Dodona in northwestern Greece was regarded as the oldest. At Dodona the priests (later priestesses) revealed the god’s will from the whispering of the leaves on a sacred oak, from a sacred spring, and from the striking of a gong. Zeus also prophesied from his altar at Olympia, where priests divined from offerings, as well as from the oasis of Siwa in Libya, which was originally an oracle of the Egyptian god Amon.

Oracles delivered through incubation were believed to come from chthonian (underworld) powers. Thus invalids slept in the hall of Asclepius, the god of medicine, at Epidaurus and claimed to receive cures through dreams. At the oracle of the hero Amphiaraus at Oropus in Attica, consultants slept on skins, while visitors to the oracle of Trophonius (son of Erginus the Argonaut) at Levádhia slept in a hole in the ground. Incubation was also practiced at the oracle of Dionysus at Amphicleia, while an oracle for consulting the dead existed beside the river Acheron in central Greece.

Oracles in the formal sense were generally confined to the classical world. The Egyptians, however, divined from the motion of images paraded through the streets, and the Hebrews from sacred objects and dreams. Babylonian temple prophetesses also interpreted dreams. In Italy the lot oracle of Fortuna Primigenia at Praeneste was consulted even by the Roman emperors. The goddess Albunea possessed a dream oracle at Tibur (Tivoli), and the incubation rites of the god Faunus resembled those of the Greek hero Amphiaraus.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen, Corrections Manager.


New Moons Coven

Before the Christian church was fully formed and opinions on witches was tainted by Exodus 22:18, witches and mystics were revered by people.

Many people often turned to mystics, witches, and healers for advice on many different aspects of their lives. The likes of Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, and many other great rulers turned to the advice of mystics before battles. The Egyptian pharaohs depended heavily on their help for everything from tactical advice to healing. The belief in magic was one of the common factors of early man's history. The belief that one person could see into the future and be able to advise on which battle strategies to take was hugely desired for many generals who had personal mystic advisers.

In early times no general would go to war without first consulting The Oracle at Delphi. According to Greek Mythology Delphi was the center of the universe. Apollo is said to have slain a great serpent and thrown his remains into a cavern deep in the earth, where a young shepherd found the vapors of his spirit rising from the ground. When he looked into the void and inhaled these vapors he was thrown into fits and could see the future. Apollo brought a priestess to guard the cavern, in honor of the serpent she was called Pythia, and a temple was built over it. Each year, on February 7, the Pythia would allow visitors to the temple and would provide them with prophesies. But not everyone was allowed to visit because of the huge turn out to hear the Pythia's prophesies.

Egyptian history shows a strong belief in mystics and sorcery as a way of life for everyone from nobility to slaves. The polytheistic beliefs and belief in an after-life were a large part of their culture. They believed in covering their homes and tombs with spells and incantations to protect themselves from evil and those wishing them harm. The Egyptian books of the dead was a means of obtaining the after-life and scripts from it were engraved in their tombs to prevent grave robbers. These were written for each individual and family to tailor it to their needs. When one became sick they often went to a mystic who treated their ails with herbal remedies and spells.

Most prehistoric religions were polytheistic with a strong belief that one could obtain divinity through the use of magic and becoming attuned with nature and other paranormal parts of the world. Most modern witchcraft has a basis in these early pagan religions, especially Norse and Celtic beliefs. During the early medieval times many people turned to mystics for advice on life and early medicine was obtained through herbalists. Those herbalist and those practicing other forms of holistic medicines were later labeled witches by the church. The church often labeled them such because they wanted people to believe that healing was only granted by the grace of their God through prayer and that any other form of healing knowledge was given by the devil himself. Most times women were labeled witches because they were the midwives who attended to laboring women and provided them with potions to ease their suffering, and they cared for the sick and dying by easing their suffering with remedies and hypnosis . Christians began to say that a woman's suffering was a punishment from their God for the "original sin" of man and that to ease it was evil and going against God's will. They also believed that the suffering of the sick was a punishment from God for some wrong the person had done.

As the church became stronger they began to put more emphasis on conversion to Christianity and more and more things became banned as witchcraft practices. Anyone being found guilty of going against the church was put to death for witchcraft. Anyone caught going to those people or associated with them (including family and friends) were also found just as guilty of witchcraft. This fear of death caused many of the witches of the time to go under ground. Practicing in small groups in secret places with the aid of the full moon to light their works. Any workings or tools were kept well hidden often times blending in with everyday needs. The Laws of Old were written during this time as a means to provide a basis of knowledge for self protection. There were laws to protect oneself against persecution if another was discovered.

During the Puritan era in America things were so scary that anyone could be declared a witch for something as simple as doll making. Witches went even deeper into hiding and it became more reasonable to be solitary instead of practicing in large groups. Meetings were held less frequently and tools became a part of everyday kitchen utensils, herbs were incorporated into regular gardens. Not until the 1900's did many witches become more open about their practices, it was not until the 1980's that it became a legally recognized religion in the United States.

There are still countries where the practice of witchcraft is punishable by death, mostly in the middle east. In these countries an individual can also be put to death for being Christian as well. Even though the United States now legally accepts Pagan religions, many are still persecuted on a more personal level by neighbors and even those closest to them. They are made fun of or even worse some have even been personally attacked and harmed for their beliefs. This attitude has caused many witches and covens to still practice in secret with fear of being discovered. Our children are also subject to attacks as a way of attacking us. It's sad to say that in all the modern advance we have religious persecution is still a major prevailing ignorance.

How would you take a stand against religious attacks and still put forth a dignified front? How could you defend your own beliefs without attacking the beliefs of others in retaliation? How do you command respect from those around you without becoming offensive towards their beliefs? How can you foster acceptance?
These are all questions one must ask themselves when demanding the acceptance and respect of those around you.


The Gallifrey Timeline

new

Tim Bradley
Castellan
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Post by Tim Bradley on Oct 12, 2016 14:21:15 GMT

Here is a link to ‘The Gallifrey Timeline’ on 'Bradley's Basement'.

whiskeybrewer
Chancellor

Post by whiskeybrewer on Oct 14, 2016 17:45:18 GMT

I'm intrigued by the placement of Lungbarroow after Zagreus. Why is that?

Also the flashbacks and such from Lungbarrow, should be placed in the Dark Times and after the Barn in Listen

Wolfie
Chancellor

Voyager

Post by Wolfie on Oct 15, 2016 7:56:11 GMT

Romana and Leela meet for the first time in Zagreus, it's early enough that Romana's not even aware of Leela's name or her reputation beyond being "the savage". There's a big jump between the two stories in retrospect because Romana trusts Leela enough to cover for her while she's elsewhere during the CIA's coup in Lungbarrow. If you wanted to smooth out the transition, you could theoretically place Lungbarrow in the middle of Gallifrey between A Blind Eye and Lies. Any later than that and you run into a continuity gaffe regarding Romana's scheme to open up the Academy to non-Gallifreyans. It has a nice sense of build up actually, all the little goings ons in that first series culminating in an attempted hostile takeover.

Ooh, boy. Tim Bradley , I admire your dedication. Gallifrey is only slightly less difficult to wrangle than the Dalek timeline(s) is/are. There are scenes from Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible which occur in the Dark Times and feature Pythia's own self-destruction. The Final Chapter is interesting because not only does it quickly feature Rassilon's first declaration of the Time Lords and the establishment of the Eye of Harmony, but the bulk of it is said to be set long into the future relative to the Eight Doctor. It's so far forward in fact, that he's considered a legend and a bogeyman by the Gallifreyans themselves. Little more than a myth.

"Courage isn't a matter of not being frightened you know
It's being afraid and doing what you have to do anyway."

whiskeybrewer
Chancellor

Post by whiskeybrewer on Oct 15, 2016 11:32:13 GMT

Romana and Leela meet for the first time in Zagreus, it's early enough that Romana's not even aware of Leela's name or her reputation beyond being "the savage". There's a big jump between the two stories in retrospect because Romana trusts Leela enough to cover for her while she's elsewhere during the CIA's coup in Lungbarrow. If you wanted to smooth out the transition, you could theoretically place Lungbarrow in the middle of Gallifrey between A Blind Eye and Lies. Any later than that and you run into a continuity gaffe regarding Romana's scheme to open up the Academy to non-Gallifreyans. It has a nice sense of build up actually, all the little goings ons in that first series culminating in an attempted hostile takeover.

Ooh, boy. Tim Bradley , I admire your dedication. Gallifrey is only slightly less difficult to wrangle than the Dalek timeline(s) is/are. There are scenes from Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible which occur in the Dark Times and feature Pythia's own self-destruction. The Final Chapter is interesting because not only does it quickly feature Rassilon's first declaration of the Time Lords and the establishment of the Eye of Harmony, but the bulk of it is said to be set long into the future relative to the Eight Doctor. It's so far forward in fact, that he's considered a legend and a bogeyman by the Gallifreyans themselves. Little more than a myth.

Wolfie
Chancellor

Voyager

Post by Wolfie on Oct 16, 2016 0:09:35 GMT

Romana and Leela meet for the first time in Zagreus, it's early enough that Romana's not even aware of Leela's name or her reputation beyond being "the savage". There's a big jump between the two stories in retrospect because Romana trusts Leela enough to cover for her while she's elsewhere during the CIA's coup in Lungbarrow. If you wanted to smooth out the transition, you could theoretically place Lungbarrow in the middle of Gallifrey between A Blind Eye and Lies. Any later than that and you run into a continuity gaffe regarding Romana's scheme to open up the Academy to non-Gallifreyans. It has a nice sense of build up actually, all the little goings ons in that first series culminating in an attempted hostile takeover.

Ooh, boy. Tim Bradley , I admire your dedication. Gallifrey is only slightly less difficult to wrangle than the Dalek timeline(s) is/are. There are scenes from Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible which occur in the Dark Times and feature Pythia's own self-destruction. The Final Chapter is interesting because not only does it quickly feature Rassilon's first declaration of the Time Lords and the establishment of the Eye of Harmony, but the bulk of it is said to be set long into the future relative to the Eight Doctor. It's so far forward in fact, that he's considered a legend and a bogeyman by the Gallifreyans themselves. Little more than a myth.

"Courage isn't a matter of not being frightened you know
It's being afraid and doing what you have to do anyway."

brians
Castellan
/> />

Post by brians on Oct 16, 2016 6:23:40 GMT

whiskeybrewer
Chancellor

Post by whiskeybrewer on Oct 16, 2016 19:51:05 GMT

Ah right that makes sense, so it would just be an extra thing that they have already covered and explained. Thats cool

Post by J.A. Prentice on Nov 6, 2016 7:17:56 GMT

Wolfie
Chancellor

Voyager

Post by Wolfie on Nov 6, 2016 8:00:06 GMT

*cracks fingers* Alrighty. Let's have a go at this.

The Infinity Doctors I'd place just after The Gallifrey Chronicles because the long-term consequences set up in that novel and the sense that he's retired from his wanderings to watch over Gallifrey for a time. The reconstitution process would have been long and there's no sense charging off from something so vital as the reestablishment of an entire world, particularly your own, without investing some of your time into monitoring its progress. Short hair or no short hair. As the New EDAs would show, Gallifrey is a lot more vulnerable now than it was previously. Weak enough that the Daleks turned their eyestalks towards time's caldera itself.

I have a personal theory that Death Comes to Time takes place at the far end of Gallifrey's timeline when the planet has long since turned to dust and there are little more than a handful of Time Lords left to uphold the mantle. The Kingmaker at Mount Plutarch also represents a power greater than the Gallifreyans themselves that we've yet to see in any other story, both on and off-screen. Micen Island at the heart of the Orion Nebula stands as testament to the dead where the Time Lords radically altered their beliefs to "serve the many", indicating that there has been a monumental cosmic upheaval at this point in time that necessitated such a change. Since the emergence of the Curator opened up the possibility of reiterated visages, I'm almost tempted to believe that this isn't the Seventh Doctor after all, but rather his final corporeal incarnation. The last one with a physical form before he became the Guardian of Justice or attended to other business elsewhere.

Ah. Well. Mmm. The Faction exist for the sole purpose of mucking all of this up. If we could tie them down to a singular timestream, I'd say that most of their encounters occur prior to The Ancestor Cell.

"Courage isn't a matter of not being frightened you know
It's being afraid and doing what you have to do anyway."

Post by J.A. Prentice on Nov 8, 2016 0:10:29 GMT

sailorhaumea
Full Member

Post by sailorhaumea on Dec 20, 2016 19:28:23 GMT

sherlock
High Council

Post by sherlock on Dec 28, 2016 10:09:35 GMT

sherlock
High Council

Post by sherlock on Aug 9, 2019 10:40:28 GMT

So another little project of mine, a timeline of the Time Lords. This includes stories with agents acting on their behalf (usually the Doctor, K-9, Shayde or Leela). Some spoilers for the Gallifrey series (which is kinda unavoidable). This includes a lot of theorising about the implications of Enemy Lines for the Eighth Doctor Adventures novels.

Gallifrey:
-Ancient Gallifrey: The era of the rule of the Pythia which sees the earliest time travel experiments by the Neo-Technologists, led by Rassilon, Omega and the Other. The experiments unleash the Yssgaroth (better known as the Great Vampires), leading to the Eternal War between Gallifrey and the Vampires. Upon the War’s conclusion Rassilon returns to Gallifrey and leads a revolution to overthrow the Pythia, with the last of her followers retreating to Karn.
Blind Fury
The Evil and the Deep Black Sky
Star Death!
Jorus and the Vogonauts
The Multi-Faceted War
Cat’s Cradle: Time’s Crucible

-Rassilon Era: Rassilon founds Time Lord society, instituting the Houses, and leads the Time Lords into conflicts against the Racnoss, Hyperions and Nestenes, alongside the Fledgling Empires and the Alliance of Races. The very first TT capsules (TARDISes) are developed in this time. Rassilon’s paranoia grows over the course of his rule, resulting in greater authoritarian rule.
The Final Chapter
The Legacy of Time: Collision Course
The Lost Dimension
Empire of the Racnoss
Terrorformer
Gangland
Pandoric’s Box
Snow White and the Seven Keys to Doomsday
The Scrolls of Rassilon
Cold Fusion
Lungbarrow

-Black Sun War: Decades after the end of Rassilon’s rule, the Time Lords are challenged by a rival temporal power, the Order of the Black Sun
4-D War
Black Sun Rising

-Later History: The Time Lords hold absolute power in splendid isolation under the Non-Intervention Policy. Ambitious dictator Morbius attempts to overturn this Policy and lead a campaign of conquest.
The Stolen TARDIS: A Tale of the Time Lords
Minatorius
Warmonger

-The Doctor’s Era: The era in which the Doctor was raised and fled Gallifrey
Listen
The Sound of Drums
Flashback
The Toy
Birth of a RenegadeLungbarrow
The Name of the Doctor
Celestial Intervention-A Gallifreyan Noir
The Three Paths
The Black Hole

-Overseers of an Exile: Having captured and sentenced the Doctor to exile, the Time Lords employ him as an unofficial agent
The War Games
World Game
The Two Doctors
That Time I Nearly Destroyed The Universe Whilst Looking For A Dress
The Night Walkers
Shadow of the Past
Prisoners of the Sun
Terror of the Autons
Colony in Space
The Curse of Peladon
The Mutants
The Three Doctors
-Future Imperfect
The Empire of Glass
The Inquiry

-Further Missions For The Doctor: The Time Lords continue to direct the Doctor’s travels after releasing him from exile
An Overture Too Early
The Brain of Morbius
Return of the Daleks
The Dalek Revenge

-Presidential Succession Crisis: The assassination of the President throws the Gallifreyan political system into chaos
The Deadly Assassin
The Invasion of Time

-K9’s Missions: The Time Lords deploy K-9 as an unofficial agent
K9 and the Time Trap
K9 and the Beasts of Vega
K9 and the Zeta Rescue
K9 and the Missing Planet

-Continued Involvement With The Doctor: The Time Lords continue to run in with the Doctor’s travels.
Erasure
Circular Time: Spring

-The High Evolutionaries: From within the Matrix, Rassilon chairs a group of powerful individuals who utilise Shayde as their agent
The Tides of Time
The Stockbridge Horror
Catalogue of Events

-Borusa’s Presidency: Borusa becomes President and faces the return of Omega and eventually plots his own immortality
Arc of Infinity
Blood Invocation
The Five Doctors

-The Doctor’s Presidency: The Doctor is recalled to fulfil the role of President to rebuild the damaged political system in the wake of Borusa’s rule
Time in Office
Urban Myths
No Place Like Home

-Corruption at the High Council: The CIA installs a puppet President, Niroc, in the wake of the Doctor’s departure, leading to a free reign for corruption at the highest levels
Attack of the Cybermen
Mission to Magnus
Slipback
The World Shapers
Synesthespians TM
The Trial of a Time Lord: The Mysterious Planet
The Trial of a Time Lord: Mindwarp
The Trial of a Time Lord: Terror of the Vervoids
The Trial of a Time Lord: The Ultimate Foe
-The Eight Doctors

-Ravalox Aftermath: In the wake of the Ravalox Scandal, a new government attempts to deal with the aftermath
Trial of the Valeyard
The Wings of a Butterfly

-The Valeyard’s Master Plan [Negated]: The Valeyard infiltrates the Matrix and plots his master plan, eventually foiled before it had even begun by the Doctor.
The Last Adventure: The Brink of Death

-Flavia’s Presidency: Flavia assumes the presidency proper, taking Gallifrey back to a more traditionalist path
Unregenerate!
Thin Ice
Blood Harvest
Goth Opera
The Eight Doctors

-Romana’s Presidency: Winning an election against Flavia, Romana assumes the Presidency promising reform and greater openness with the universe
Happy Endings
The Sirens of Time
The Apocalypse Element
Dominion
Doom Coalition 1: The Eleven
The Final Chapter
Wormwood
Shada
The Time Lord’s Story
The Light at the End
Embrace the Darkness
Neverland
Zagreus
Lungbarrow
The Quantum Possibility Engine
Weapon of Choice
Square One
The Inquiry
A Blind Eye
Lies
Spirit
Pandora
The Chaos Pool
Insurgency

-Civil War: The escape of Pandora from the Matrix leads to civil war between her traditionalist faction and those loyal to President Romana
Imperatrix
Fractures
Warfare
Appropriation

-Seclusion: Matthias becomes President in the wake of the Civil War and faces the outbreak of the Dogma Virus which leads to further civil unrest, leaving the Time Lords weakened against the Gods on Dellah and Dalek incursions into the Axis and Matrix
Mindbomb
Panacea
Dead Romance
Tears of the Oracle
Where Angels Fear
Twilight of the Gods
Renaissance
Ascension
Genesis of the Daleks
A Device of Death

-Romana’s Second Presidency: In the aftermath of the Dalek incursions, Romana reassumes the Presidency and employs Leela as a Time Lord agent
The Ruthven Inheritance
Dead Men’s Tales
The Man at the End of the Garden
Swan Song
Chronoclasm
Jago in Love
Beautiful Things
The Lonely Clock
The Hourglass Killers
Second Sight
Erasure
The Eighth of March: Emancipation
The Legacy of Time: Collision Course

-The War in Heaven [Negated]: The War waged between the Time Lords and the Enemy, with Faction Paradox exploiting the fallout. The effects of the War begin to alter the past, changing events prior to its outbreak, and towards the end of the conflict Faction Paradox travel back in time to invade Gallifrey at a point prior to the War, resulting in the negation of the entire conflict.
Alien Bodies
The Taking of Planet 5
Interference

-The Fall of Gallifrey [Negated]: Echoes of the coming War lead to an attempted coup by the Adherents of Ohm and Romana pursuing more aggressive actions to safeguard Gallifrey, which inadvertently accelerate the outbreak of war. As Faction Paradox of the future invade, the Doctor destroys Gallifrey but copies the entire Matrix into his own mind, enabling the Time Lords’ eventual restoration. At some point in the events leading to the fall of Gallifrey, Romana sends Braxiatel back in time to her regeneration where he alters events, negating this entire timeline.
Intervention Earth
Enemy Lines
Luna Romana
The Shadows of Avalon
The Banquo Legacy
The Ancestor Cell
-The Gallifrey Chronicles
The Adventuress of Henrietta Street
Timeless
The Gallifrey Chronicles
The Infinity Doctors

-The Watchmaker [Negated]: The actions of Braxiatel forge a new unstable timeline, in which Romana resigns as President and Livia succeeds her, prompting the appearance of the Watchmaker to stabilise the timelines.
Enemy Lines

-The New Future: The actions of Braxiatel and the Watchmaker forge a new stable timeline, in which Romana resigns as President and Livia succeeds her and tensions with the Daleks begin to escalate.
Enemy Lines
The Adventure of the Diogenes Damsel
Human Resources
Sisters of the Flame/The Vengeance of Morbius
Nevermore
Dark Eyes 1: The Great War
Dark Eyes 1: Fugitives
Dark Eyes 1: Tangled Web
Dark Eyes 1: X and the Daleks

-The Doom Coalition: A coalition of renegades plot a coup on Gallifrey and prepare to destroy the rest of the universe to safeguard the Time Lords
Doom Coalition 2: Scenes From Her Life
Doom Coalition 4: Stop The Clock
Doom Coalition 1: The Eleven
-Doom Coalition 2: Scenes From Her Life
Doom Coalition 1: The Satanic Mill
Doom Coalition 2: Scenes From Her Life
Doom Coalition 3: The Crucible of Souls
Doom Coalition 4: Songs of Love
Doom Coalition 4: The Side of the Angels
Doom Coalition 4: Stop The Clock
Ravenous 3: Deeptime Frontier

-In Extremis: As all-out war with the Daleks looms, Narvin leads a CIA initiative to try to avert and prepare for the coming conflict.
Dark Eyes 3: The Death of Hope
Dark Eyes 3: The Reviled
Dark Eyes 3: Masterplan
Dark Eyes 3: Rule of the Eminence
The Master of Callous: Sins of the Father

-The Last Great Time War: The Time Lords make a stand against the Daleks and fight them across space and time.
Time War: Celestial Intervention
Time War: Soldier Obsura
Rage of the Time Lords: The Missing Link
Rage of the Time Lords: Darkness and Light
Time War: The Devil You Know
The Stranger
Time War: Desperate Measures
Time War: Havoc
Time War: Partisans
Time War: Collateral
Time War: Assassins
Only the Good: The Heavenly Paradigm
The Time War 1: The Starship of Theseus
The Time War 1: Echoes of War
The Time War 1: The Conscript
The Time War 1: One Life
The Time War 2: The Lords of Terror
The Time War 2: Planet of the Ogrons
The Time War 2: In the Garden of Death
The Time War 2: Jonah
The Sontaran Ordeal
Day of the Vashta Nerada
A Heart on Both Sides
All Hands on Deck
Ambush
A Prologue
The Third Wise Man
Only the Monstrous: The Innocent
Only the Monstrous: The Thousand Worlds
Only the Monstrous: The Heart of the Battle
Infernal Devices: Legion of the Lost
Infernal Devices: A Thing of Guile
Infernal Devices: The Neverwhen
Agents of Chaos: The Shadow Vortex
Agents of Chaos: The Eternity Cage
Agents of Chaos: Eye of Harmony
Casualties of War: Pretty Lies
Casualties of War: The Lady of Obsidian
Casualties of War: The Enigma Dimension
The Bidding War
Engines of War
Trailer(The First Doctor Volume 2)
The Plague of Dreams
The Last Day
The Day of the Doctor
-Sky Jacks
-The End of Time

-Post-Time War: The Time Lords return to the universe in hiding, relocating Gallifrey to near the end of the universe.
The Time of the Doctor
Lords and Masters
Face the Raven
Heaven Sent
Hell Bent

-Cyberman Conquest of Time [Negated]: Rassilon allies himself with the last of the Cybermen, allowing them to conquer Time. They eventually turn on him, forcing him to work with the Doctor to un-do their conquest.
Supremacy of the Cybermen

-The Clockwise Men: A new threat arises to the fragile Time Lords in hiding
The Clockwise War

Axis Gallifreys:
-Axis Timeline 1 (Selling Technology)
Reborn

-Axis Timeline 2 (Interventionists)
Disassembled

-Axis Timeline (Unending Eternal War):
Annihilation

-Axis Timeline 4 (Incomplete Eye of Harmony):
Forever
Emancipation
Evolution
Arbitration
Extermination

Parallel Universes:
-Susan’s Presidency:
Auld Mortality
A Storm of Angels

-The Great War:
Ruler of the Universe: Asking for a Friend

-The Valeyard Victorious:
He Jests At Scars

Wolfie
Chancellor

Voyager


The History of the Division of Juvenile Justice

California became a state. At this time, there were no correctional facilities for juveniles. Some consideration was given to the need for a reform school at that time, but none was authorized. Serious cases, about 300 boys under the age of 20, were sent to the state prisons at San Quentin (Marin County) and Folsom (Sacramento County) between 1850 and 1860. They included 12, 13, and 14-year-old boys.

The San Francisco Industrial School was founded on May 5, 1859 by an act of the California State Legislature. The school opened with a total of 48 boys and girls, ranging from 3-18 years of age and included a staff of six. It was run by a private board. Management could accept children from parents and police, as well as from the courts. The program consisted of six hours per day of school (classroom) and four hours per day work. Trade training was added later. Releases were obtained by (1) discharge, (2) indenture, and (3) leave of absence—a system very similar to present-day probation and/or parole.

The State Reform School for boys in Marysville was authorized and opened in 1861. Ages ranged from 8-18 years.

The State Reform School for Boys at Marysville closed due to lack of commitments. Twenty-eight boys were transferred to the San Francisco Industrial School. The State donated $10,000 to the San Francisco Industrial School and agreed to pay $15 in gold coin per month for each child at the school. During this year, girls in the Industrial School were transferred to the Magdalen Asylum in San Francisco.

The Legislature permitted commitments to the San Francisco Industrial School from the counties of Santa Clara, San Mateo, and Alameda.

The first “Probation Law” was enacted (Section 1203 of the California Penal Code).

The training ship Jamestown was transferred from the U.S. Navy to the City of San Francisco to supplement the San Francisco Industrial School. The ship was to provide training in seamanship and navigation for boys of eligible age. After six months, an examination was given and successful trainees were eligible for employment as seamen on regular merchant ships.

The training ship was returned to the Navy due to mismanagement and a hue and cry that the Jamestown was a training ship for criminals.

The Legislature enacted a law establishing two State reform schools. Both were part of the Division of Institutions, and both had trade training and academic classes. Commitments were made from Police Courts, Justice Courts, and Courts of Session for a specialized period of time or minority. These schools were: (1) Whittier State Reformatory (now Fred C. Nelles School in Whittier) and (2) the Preston School of Industry in Ione (Amador County).

The Whittier State Reformatory for Boys and Girls opened with an enrollment of 300 youths.

The San Francisco Industrial School closed and the Preston School of Industry opened.

The Legislature enacted law establishing juvenile courts.

All youths under the age of 18 were transferred out of San Quentin by legislative decree.

County juvenile halls were established.

The Ventura School for Girls was established and girls were transferred from the Whittier State Reformatory to Ventura.

The first acts of statewide supervision began: a Probation Office was created under the State Department of Social Welfare.

The Legislature authorized County Boards of Supervisors to establish forestry camps for delinquent youths.

The Youth Corrections Authority Act was adopted by the California Legislature. The law:

  1. Created a three-person commission appointed by the Governor and
    confirmed by the Senate
  2. Mandated acceptance of all commitments under 23 years of age,
    including those from juvenile court
  3. Added a section on delinquency prevention
  4. Authorized no authority over existing state institutions
  5. Appropriated $100,000 to run the Authority for two years

The Whittier School for Boys was renamed the Fred C. Nelles School in honor of the man who served as the facility’s superintendent from 1912 to 1927.

The Preston School of Industry, the Ventura School for Girls, and the Fred C. Nelles School for Boys were separated from the Division of Institutions and became part of the California Youth Authority (CYA).

The first youth committed under the Youth Corrections Authority Act—YA No. 00001—arrived at the new Youth Authority Unit, a diagnostic facility. The youth was transferred from San Quentin Prison, where he had been sent at age 14 after being convicted for second-degree murder. A “lifer,” he had shot an uncle during a quarrel over ranch chores.

The Youth Authority moved toward establishing camps, and a unit—Delinquency Prevention Services—was established.

Karl Holton was named the first director of the California Youth Corrections Authority.

The Governor transferred management of State reformatories—Preston, Nelles, and Ventura—to the Youth Corrections Authority. 1,080 youths were in institutions, 1,625 youths were on parole, and staff numbered near 517.

The State Probation Office turned over responsibility for delinquency prevention to the Youth Corrections Authority. The word “corrections” was dropped from title hence, California Youth Authority (CYA).

Fifty boys transferred from county jails to the Calaveras Big Trees Park where they built a 100-bed capacity camp. The Youth Authority acquired property and buildings formerly used by the Knights of Pythias Old Peoples’ Home. Boys from Preston and the Calaveras Camp cleaned and renovated the grounds and buildings, and the Los Guillicos School for Girls was established in Sonoma County.

The CYA entered into a contract with the United States military for the establishment of two camps—one at Benicia Arsenal and the other at the Stockton Ordnance Depot—each with a population of 150 boys.

The first boys arrived at Fricot Ranch School in Calaveras County. By fall of 1945, 100 boys and a full complement of staff were at the school. The 1,090-acre estate was leased with an option to purchase for $60,000 and that option was exercised in 1946.

Many youthful offenders in detention homes, jail, and two army camps were awaiting commitment to the Youth Authority. Army camps were closed after the war and the growing need for facilities became a crisis.

The Division of Parole was created and the parole staff were consolidated.

The need was apparent for an institution for older boys, and the Legislature authorized the California Vocational Institution at Lancaster (an old Army/Air Force Base).

A State subsidy was given to counties for establishment of juvenile homes, ranches, and camps for juvenile court youths. The subsidy was administered by the CYA. Pine Grove Camp was established in Amador County.

Camp Ben Lomond opened in Santa Cruz County.

The first youths arrived at El Paso de Robles School for Boys (located in San Luis Obispo County) on September 30. The school was a former Army/Air Base comprising 200 acres and 40 barrack buildings, which was purchased for $8,000.

Governor Earl Warren called the first Statewide Youth Conference in Sacramento in January. An estimated 2,200 people attended, including 200 high school and college youths.

Heman G. Stark was named Director and served until 1968. His tenure remains the longest of any CYA director.

The CYA was given departmental status.

Northern and Southern Reception Centers opened, in Sacramento and Norwalk, respectively.

Mt. Bullion Camp opened in Mariposa County.

The Youth Training School opened in San Bernardino County.

The CYA was placed under the newly formed Youth and Adult Corrections Agency.

Washington Ridge Camp opened in Nevada County.

The Ventura School for Girls moved from its Ventura location to Camarillo.

The State’s Juvenile Court Law was modified.

A reception center and clinic was established at the Ventura School for Girls, and the girls at the Southern Reception Center and Clinic in Norwalk were transferred to Ventura.

The Northern California Youth Center (NCYC) opened near Stockton (in San Joaquin County).

The O. H. Close School for Boys opened at NCYC.

Allen Breed was named Director.

The Karl Holton School for Boys opened at NCYC.

An administrative reorganization plan was implemented, establishing Northern and Southern Divisions.

Facilities were constructed at the Pine Grove and Ben Lomond Camps.

The CYA, along with the Department of Corrections, was placed within the Human Relations Agency (which became the Health and Welfare Agency).

A change in the law meant fewer female commitments, so the Ventura School for Girls became co-educational.

The DeWitt Nelson School opened at NCYC.

Los Guillicos became co-educational with boys from Fricot Ranch.

Fricot Ranch was closed due to its declining youth population.

Oak Glen Camp opened in San Bernardino County.

El Paso de Robles School closed due to declining commitments.

El Paso de Robles School reopened, as commitments began to rise again.

Pearl West was named Director. She was the first woman to hold the position.

Fenner Canyon Camp opened in Los Angeles County.

The CYA became part of the newly formed Youth and Adult Correctional Agency.

The Legislature removed the state’s young offender paroling authority, the Youth Authority Board, from the CYA and renamed it the Youthful Offender Parole Board (YOPB). The director had also served as chairman of the board. Antonio C. Amador was selected to chair the “new” YOPB.

Antonio C. Amador, former Los Angeles Police Protective League President, was named Director. He was the first Hispanic person to hold the position.

James Rowland, the Chief Probation Officer of Fresno County, was named Director and introduced the concept of involving crime victims in youth correctional programs.

The “Impact of Crime on Victims” curriculum was implemented and introduced in each institution and camp in the CYA. This was a pioneering effort that has since been shared with other states and localities across the country.

The department adopted a policy defining employment readiness as a major goal for youths and began reorganizing its Vocational Educational Program to make training more relevant with available jobs.

Free Venture, a program involving public/private partnerships for youth employment, began. The CYA agreed to provide space to private sector businesses that met certain criteria. In turn, the businesses began to hire and train youths who earn prevailing wages for real jobs. Youths who earn these jobs then become taxpayers. Also, percentages of their earnings are directed towards victim restitution, room and board, a trust fund, and a savings account. Trans World Airlines became the first Free Venture partner, instituting a project at Ventura School.

El Centro Training Center opened as a short-term Institutions and Camps (I&C) Branch facility in Imperial County.

C. A. Terhune, a 30-year veteran of the CYA, was named Director.

El Centro Drug Program for Girls opened.

Ventura School opened a camp program and instituted the department’s first female firefighting crew.

Oak Glen Camp was closed due to budget concerns.

Fenner Canyon Camp was transferred to Department of Corrections.

El Centro closed as an I&C facility and reopened as the Southern California Drug Treatment Center, operated by the Parole Services Branch.

B. T. Collins, a Vietnam War hero who lost an arm and a leg in that conflict, was appointed Director in March. He resigned in August when he was asked to run for the State Assembly by the Governor.

William B. Kolender, a former San Diego Police Chief, was appointed Director.

N. A. Chaderjian School opened. The 600-bed institution at NCYC increased the number of training schools at that site to four. Chaderjian was secretary of the Youth and Adult Correctional Agency at the time of his untimely death in 1988.

Fred C. Nelles School celebrated its Centennial.

The CYA’s first boot camp program (30 beds) opened at Preston School. It was named LEAD (Leadership, Esteem, Ability and Discipline) and served as a model for other juvenile boot camps in the country.

Preston School of Industry celebrated its Centennial.

The second LEAD (Boot Camp) Program (30 beds) opened at Fred C. Nelles School.

The First Superintendent of Education position was created, and the department began a reorganization of the Education Program.

The Youth Authority Training Center opened at the NCYC complex.

Karl Holton School was converted to the Karl Holton Drug and Alcohol Abuse Treatment Center (DAATC), (now known as Karl Holton Youth Correctional Drug and Alcohol Treatment Facility), devoted entirely to programming youths with substance use and abuse problems. The CYA thus became the first youthful offender agency in the country to devote an entire major institution towards that purpose.

Craig L. Brown, Undersecretary of the Youth and Adult Correctional Agency, was named Director.

Francisco J. Alarcon, Chief Deputy Director, was appointed Director.

CYA Institutions and Camps were changed to include “Youth Correctional.”

Gregorio S. Zermeno, Superintendent at the De Witt Nelson Correctional Facility, was appointed Director in March.

Jerry L. Harper, a former Undersheriff of the Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department, was appointed Director in March.

The Karl Holton Drug and Alcohol Abuse Treatment Center in Stockton closed in September. The facility first opened in 1968.

Walter Allen III was appointed Director by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. Mr. Allen was the Assistant Chief for the California Department of Justice, Bureau of Narcotics Enforcement.

In February, the Northern Youth Correctional Reception Center and Clinic in Sacramento closed. The reception center-clinic first opened in 1956.

Additionally, in February, the Ventura Youth Correctional Facility in Camarillo returned to a females-only facility. Male youths are housed at the S. Carraway Public Service and Fire Center.

In June, the CYA closed the Fred C. Nelles Youth Correctional Facility in Whittier. This was CYA’s oldest facility, spanning more than 100 years. The last youth left the facility on May 27, 2004.

Moreover, in June, the CYA ended its operation of the Mt. Bullion Youth Conservation Camp in Mariposa County.

In November, Farrell v. Allen Consent Decree filed with the court. This action was brought by a taxpayer, Margaret Farrell, against Walter Allen III, the Director of the California Youth Authority at that time.

In a reorganization of the California corrections agencies, the CYA became the Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) within the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation.

in March, the Education Services Remedial Plan was filed with the court.

In May, the Sexual Behavior Treatment Program Remedial Plan was filed with the court.

In June, Bernard Warner was appointed as Chief Deputy Secretary for the DJJ.

In June, the Health Care Services Remedial Plan was filed with the court.

In July, at the outset of FY 2006/2007, funding to implement remedial plans was provided for the first time.

In July, the Safety and Welfare Remedial Plan was filed with the court.

In August, the Mental Health Remedial Plan was filed with the court.

In June, the Health Care Services Remedial Plan was filed with the court.

Legislation (SB 81 and AB 191) required most youthful offenders to be committed to county facilities, reserving those convicted of the most serious felonies and having the most severe treatment needs for DJJ. Previously adopted financial incentives for counties and these legislative changes reduced DJJ’s population from a peak of approximately 10,000 (a decade earlier) to approximately 1,700.

On July 31, El Paso de Robles and De Witt Nelson Youth Correctional Facilities closed.

In October, David Murphy, a 20 year veteran school administrator, is named DJJ’s Superintendent of Education, fulfilling a significant requirement of the Farrell reform plan for Education.

In February, the Heman G. Stark Youth Correctional Facility in Chino—originally known as the Youth Training School and subsequently named for the agency’s longest serving director—was closed after 50 years as a juvenile facility and began transforming into an adult prison. DJJ continues to operate five facilities and two fire camps.

In March, DJJ adopted a new staffing model that adapted to a smaller population but also provided uniform treatment for all DJJ youth to administer reforms required by the Farrell plans. The consolidation of staff and facilities results in staff reductions of approximately 400 positions and estimated savings of $30-40 million.

In February, DJJ reported to the Alameda Superior Court that it had complied with 82 percent of more than 8,000 policy and program changes required by the Farrell reform plans.

Rachel Rios was named Deputy Secretary of Juvenile Justice (Acting).

In February, counties began to assume parole supervision of juvenile offenders, under the Public Safety and Rehabilitation Act of 2010. The Juvenile Parole Board continued to determine when a youth is sufficiently rehabilitated to warrant release, but county courts and probation officials established and enforced conditions of supervision.

The Preston Youth Correctional Facility in Ione closed in June. Opened as the Preston School of Industry in 1894, it was the state’s second facility built specifically to house juvenile offenders.

The Southern Youth Correctional Reception Center and Clinic in Norwalk (Los Angeles County) closed in December.

Due to a declining number of youth eligible for firefighting duty, DJJ consolidates its juvenile fire crews to Pine Grove, vacating the S. Carraway Public Service and Fire Protection Center in Camarillo (Ventura County).


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