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University of Toledo

University of Toledo

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The University of Toledo is a student-centered, public university, located on 450 acres, six miles northwest of downtown Toledo, Ohio.The metropolitan research institution integrates learning, discovery, and engagement, enabling students to achieve their highest potential in an environment that embraces and celebrates human diversity, respect for individuals and freedom of expression.Established in 1872, the co-educational institution began as the Toledo University of Arts and Trades - a private arts and trades school offering painting and architectural drawing as its only subjects.It was founded on 160-acres, donated by Wakeman Scott as an endowment for the university to train the city's young people. The school received its first municipal support in 1884, and became the Manual Training School.By the 1920s, the growing institution expanded its offerings, becoming more of a school of higher learning, and the student population increased. During the earlier years, classes were held in two downtown buildings, these locations were less than ideal.In 1922, the school moved into an automobile mechanics training facility, which was constructed during World War I on the original Scott property, but this was also not sufficient.In 1928, President Henry J. Around 400 men worked less than one year to finish the Hall and the Memorial Field House in the Collegiate Gothic design.The university received its present name in 1940, and became a state institution in July 1967. The state’s acquisition process increased student subsidies and capital improvement funds, helping the university to add more than 15 academic buildings and residence halls to campus, before the year 2000.Operating under a semester calendar, Toledo offers more than 250 programs of study in eight colleges, including the College of Arts & Sciences, the College of Business, the College of Education, the College of Engineering, the College of Health and Human Services, the College of Law, the College of Pharmacy, and the University College.The university enrolls a total of 12,000 full-time undergraduates, the vast majority of whom come from within the state. Popular majors include elementary education, marketing, and communication.A polymer institute, an industrial systems center, and a center for the visual arts, are its main research facilities. The library features a special collection of Ezra Pound materials.The Centennial Mall is a picturesque lawn area situated in the heart of campus. According to the American Society of Landscape Architects, it is one of the "100 most beautifully landscaped places in the country."The University's Wolfe Hall, opened in 1998, is among the most advanced science facilities of its kind in the nation for pharmacy, chemistry, and life sciences.The University of Toledo also has a high-tech environmental research and teaching facility - the Lake Erie Research and Education Center, located on the shores of Lake Erie in Oregon, Ohio.The University of Toledo Foundation - a private, nonprofit organization formed in 1990 - is the official gift-receiving organization for the University of Toledo. Governed by a volunteer Board of Trustees, the organization is made up of alumni, members of the community, and other friends of the university.Apart from studies, students are encouraged to take part in extra-curricular and co-curricular activities. The intercollegiate sports teams compete in the NCAA's Mid-American Conference.

University of Toledo

In 1868, newspaper editor Jesup Wakeman Scott published a pamphlet entitled, "Toledo: Future Great City of the World," in which he argued that Toledo would become a major center of world commerce by 1900. As a result, Scott donated 160 acres of land to the city to build a university. Known as the Toledo University of Arts and Trades, the school was incorporated in 1872 and offered its first classes in 1875. The original institution never fully met Scott's vision and ultimately had to close in 1878 because of financial problems.

In 1884, the dream was reborn when the city of Toledo gained control of the school's assets. The city reopened the institution as the Manual Training School in the same year. Students attending the school received a three-year degree in which they learned both academic subjects and vocational skills. Students were required to be at least thirteen years old to enroll.

In the early 1900s, the school's administrators moved the institution towards the standards of modern universities. Still, the school struggled financially during this era. The university reorganized and expanded its offerings in the first two decades of the twentieth century, forming the College of Arts and Sciences, the College of Commerce and Industry (also known as the College of Business Administration), and the College of Education. As a result of its expanded degree programs, more students enrolled. By the late 1910s, student enrollment was approximately 1,400. Extracurricular activities also expanded, and in 1917 the university formed its first football team.

Enrollment continued to climb in the years following World War I, necessitating a major building program. Unfortunately, the United States soon entered the Great Depression. Although students continued to attend the school during the 1930s, the institution once again was experiencing financial difficulties. The university administration was ultimately able to utilize federal New Deal programs to help finance campus improvements.

During World War II, the University of Toledo contracted with the United States military to offer a number of training programs and to provide housing for troops. Students at the institution formed the first university Red Cross chapter in the nation during the war and participated in other activities to support American soldiers. The university grew tremendously after the war was over when veterans enrolled in college on the G.I. Bill. In addition to another increase in enrollment, the school was able to build additional buildings and establish the Greater Toledo Television Foundation, which focused on educational television programming.

Until 1967, the University of Toledo was a municipal university and received a significant portion of its budget from the city. This situation placed significant burdens on both Toledo and the university. As a result, the state legislature voted, on July 1, 1967, to make the University of Toledo a state university. Students were involved in a number of protests in the late 1960s and early 1970s, related to the war in Vietnam and reactions to campus violence at other institutions, but their efforts remained peaceful.

The University of Toledo has continued to grow in both numbers of students and the size of the campus in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Today, the institution enrolls more than twenty thousand students each year, and boasts of outstanding programs in pharmacy and engineering.


Founding and early history Edit

The University of Toledo began in 1872 as a private arts and trades school offering subjects such as painting and architectural drawing. [8] The idea behind the school was fostered by Jesup Wakeman Scott, a local newspaper editor, who published a pamphlet in 1868 entitled "Toledo: Future Great City of the World." [8] Scott's publication expressed his belief that the center of world commerce was moving westward, and by 1900 would be located in Toledo. In preparation for the expected westward expansion of world commerce to Toledo, Scott donated 160 acres of land as an endowment for a university and the Toledo University of Arts and Trades was incorporated on October 12, 1872. [9] The university's original mission was to "furnish artists and artisans with the best facilities for a high culture in their professions. " [8] Scott died in 1874, a year before the university opened in an old church building downtown Toledo. [8] By the late 1870s the school was in financial trouble and after thirty years in operation, the school closed in 1878. [8] On January 8, 1884, the assets of the school became property of the city of Toledo. The school reopened as the under direction of the city as the Toledo Manual Training School. It offered a three-year program for students at least 13 years old who received both academic and manual instruction. [8]

Jerome Raymond, the university's first president, expanded its offerings in the early 1900s by affiliating with the Toledo Conservatory of Music, the YMCA College of Law, and the Toledo Medical College. Raymond also created the College of Arts and Sciences. [8] Despite the expansion, the school struggled financially and endured various legal battles over control. [8] A. Monroe Stowe became president in 1914, and helped organize and stabilize the university and on January 30, 1914 the college became known as Toledo University. [9] Stowe founded the College of Commerce and Industry (later the College of Business Administration) in 1914, and the College of Education in 1916. [8] During the period, enrollment grew from 200 students to around 1,500. [8] Along with the expanded academic offerings, extracurricular activities increased with the university's first intercollegiate athletic programs forming in 1915, including football in 1917. Other organizations formed, such as the addition of a student council and the university's first student newspaper, The Universi-Teaser, in 1919. [8] The athletic programs received their nickname, the Rockets, in 1923 from a newspaper writer, who thought the name reflected the teams playing style. [8]

By the 1920s, Toledo University was a growing institution, limited only by the buildings that housed it. Classes were held in two downtown buildings, but both were too small. [8] In 1922, the university moved into an automobile mechanics training facility that had been constructed for World War I on the original Scott land after it outgrew the two downtown buildings where the university first operated in. [8] Despite being twice the size of the old buildings, the location on the Scott land quickly became outdated after a 32 percent increase in enrollment created a shortage in classroom space. [8] In 1928, Henry J. Doermann became president and soon initiated plans for a new campus. Doermann received his funding after a city-initiated bond levy passed by 10,000 votes. [8] Doermann worked with a local architectural firm to design the new campus using design elements of the universities of Europe, the hope was that the architecture would inspire students. [8] Less than a year later, University Hall and the Field House were completed in the Collegiate Gothic style. [8] Although enrollments remained stable during the Great Depression, Philip C. Nash, who became president following Doermann's sudden death, instituted drastic measures to cut costs combined with New Deal funds from the federal government to help pay for new construction and scholarships. [8]

The impact of World War II drastically affected the university. [8] The military contracted with university to offer war-training programs for both military and civilian persons. [8] Areas of study for civilians included: Engineering, Science and Management War Training program classes, and Civilian Pilot Training classes. [8] The military used the university to house, and train a detachment of the 27th Army Air Crew while the U.S. Cadet Nurse Corps trained nurses for army field hospitals. [8] Enrollment of women grew during the war and many student organizations reflected the changes, intercollegiate basketball and football were suspended while the university's Red Cross chapter, the first of its kind at a university, sponsored knitting bees to make sweaters for soldiers. [8]

Post-war Era and the 1960s (1946–1972) Edit

After the war, the GI Bill of Rights helped veterans pay for college tuition following the war and over 3,000 veterans took advantage of the program at UT. [8] In 1945, the university purchased surplus military housing for the veterans and moved it to campus. The complex, known as "Nashville", transitioned into married student housing until 1974 after the peak of veterans decreased. [8]

In 1947, Wilbur W. White replaced Nash. White proposed a progressive ten-year development plan, but he died in 1950 before the new development was completed. [8] The university, under new president Dr. Asa Knowles, continued White's plan and completed a new men's dormitory in 1952 and the new library in 1953. Educational programming for adult students was expanded and created the Greater Toledo Television Foundation to utilize television for educational purposes. [8]

In 1958, Knowles met with Toledo City Council to secure a new plan for the future financing of the university, during the 1940s the 12 percent of the city's budget was allocated to the university and this percentage proved unsustainable. [8] Council suggested that the university acquire financial assistance from the state of Ohio to relieve the city's financial burden. [8]

Asa Knowles resigned the presidency that same year but William S. Carlson pursued the issue and three bills were introduced into the state legislature in 1959 to propose a student subsidy for the states three largest municipal universities, University of Toledo, along with the University of Akron and University of Cincinnati. [8] The bills stalled but a $2 million levy was passed that same year to help sustain the university. [8] Ohio's three largest municipal universities continued to push for financial assistance from the state and finally succeeded on July 1, 1967. The decision made the university a state university, after operating as a municipal university for over 80 years. [8] In addition to subsidy for students, state support provided capital improvement money for campus building construction, [8] the university changed its name to the University of Toledo. [9]

The 1960s saw an increase of political and social activism on the UT campus. Like many universities, UT campus experienced frequent student protests. [8] Students protested a variety of issues, ranging from a peaceful food riot in 1968 over the quality of food, to protests by students opposing the Vietnam War that lead to several arrests. [8] In 1970, UT students remained peaceful following the Kent State shootings of protesters. UT experienced racial tension when a protest by African American students in May 1970 in response to Jackson State killings temporarily closed University Hall. [8] Again, the UT protest ended peacefully when the university president met with the students. [8]

1973–1995 Edit

UT celebrated its centennial in 1972 with a year of celebrations. Also that year, President Carlson retired, and Glen R. Driscoll was selected as new university president and began further expansion of the university with the addition of the Center for Performing Arts and Savage Hall in 1976, the Center for Continuing Education in 1978, and Stranahan Hall in 1984. [8] The university replacing parking lots and the aging army barracks with Centennial Mall, a nine-acre landscaped mall in the center of campus. [8] Construction began in 1985 on SeaGate Center in downtown Toledo as part of downtown's revitalization efforts. [8] McMaster Hall was completed in 1987 and plans for the Student Recreation Center were made in 1990. That same year, the Greek Village and the Larimer Athletic Complex was completed and the Glass Bowl underwent renovations. [8]

Frank E. Horton, former president of the University of Oklahoma, was selected thirteenth president in October 1988 and continued the growth of the university, fostered by the previous presidents. [8] Horton began a large strategic planning effort and organized the growth of the university. [8] To help achieve the plans, in 1993 the university launched a $40 million fund-raising campaign called UT40. [8] During the mid-1990s, UT renovated commercial buildings at Dorr Street and Secor Road for classrooms. [8] A new Academic Center and Residence Hall was built in 1992 to house the Honors Program. [8] The Center for the Visual Arts at the Toledo Museum of Art was also finished that same year followed by the International House Residence Hall and Nitschke Hall in 1995. [8] And construction began in 1995 on a Pharmacy, Chemistry and Life Sciences complex on the main campus and a Lake Erie Research Center at Maumee Bay State Park. [8] The 1990s also included significant growth in technology. The university joined OhioLINK, a statewide library network, in 1994. Computer labs and hook-ups in dorms and offices provided Internet access and the university established a homepage on the World Wide Web. [8]

21st century Edit

After a protracted protest by students, staff, faculty and community members, the board of trustees of the university agreed to include domestic partner benefits in the health care portion of the contract for faculty and staff with an effective start date of April 1, 2006. This development made the University of Toledo the first state university to begin covering domestic partners after the passage of Ohio Issue 1, several others had partner benefits before and continued them after the ban. The protest gained momentum after November 2004, when issue 1 was voted into law as an Ohio Constitutional amendment but began over a decade earlier with the work of several faculty members.

On March 31, 2006, Governor Bob Taft signed House Bill 478, which merged the University of Toledo with the Medical University of Ohio. [10] The merger became effective on July 1, 2006. The institution retained the University of Toledo name, and the former Medical University of Ohio facilities are referred to as the Health Science Campus. [11] Toledo became the third largest public university in Ohio in terms of its operating budget, as well as one of only 17 public universities in the country that has colleges of business, education, engineering, law, medicine and pharmacy. As a result of this merger, the College of Pharmacy will be one of only 45 American Colleges of Pharmacy located in an academic health science center. The college's "Future of Pharmacy" campaign (2008–2010) was initiated to raise scholarship and equipment funds for the college's expansion into a new building on the health science campus, an expansion that will increase educational and research opportunities for students and faculty. [12] What used to be called the College of Arts and Sciences was divided into three colleges, including the College of Languages, Literature and Social Sciences, the College of Communications and the Arts, and the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics.

Toledo is a public university and is governed by a board of trustees, and the Ohio Board of Regents, both appointed by the Governor of Ohio. The board is composed of 14 members, and is currently chaired by Joseph H. Zerbey, IV. [13] The board members, which are unpaid community members, delegates its executive power to the president. The current interim president is Gregory Postel. [14]

The University of Toledo is composed of the following colleges and schools:

  • College of Adult and Lifelong Learning
  • College of Arts and Letters
  • College of Business and Innovation [15]
  • School of Healthcare Business Enterprise and Innovation
  • College of Health and Human Services
  • Judith Herb College of Education
  • College of Engineering
  • College of Graduate Studies
  • College of Health Sciences
  • College of Law
  • School of Biomarkers and Advanced Simulation
  • College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
  • School of Green Chemistry and Advanced Renewable Energy
  • College of Nursing
  • College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science
  • College of Visual and Performing Arts
  • Jesup W. Scott Honors College
  • UT Online

The University of Toledo offers over 250 academic programs in a diverse and comprehensive range of studies. It is the sixth largest university in Ohio by enrollment, and offers a 20:1 student-to-faculty ratio and a median class size of 25.

National honor societies such as Phi Kappa Phi and Tau Beta Pi have chapters at UT. The university also offers several ways in which students can enrich their academic experience. These include the Honors College, study abroad, service learning, and undergraduate research.

Academic rankings
ARWU [16] 155-175
Forbes [17] 619
THE/WSJ [18] 492
U.S. News & World Report [19] 298-389
Washington Monthly [20] 291
ARWU [21] 601-700
THE [22] 501-600
U.S. News & World Report [23] 834

Research Edit

The university has the University of Toledo Research Enterprise and a number of research centers and institutes.

Located at Maumee Bay State Park, the Lake Erie Center supports interdisciplinary research involving environmental problems affecting the Great Lakes.

The UT Polymer Institute, part of the College of Engineering, supports research in polymers and plastic technology.

The Wright Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization (PVIC) was created in January 2007 with an $18.6 million grant from the Ohio Department of Development and $30 million from federal agencies, universities and industrial partners to perform research involved establishing science and technology platforms, employing second and third generation photovoltaics (PV) materials, and devices tailored for applications in clean electricity generation. [24] The three primary locations of the Wright Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization (PVIC) include The University of Toledo, The Ohio State University, and Bowling Green State University. [24]

The center's research is focused on improving large area materials and devices, increasing the efficiency of solar technologies, and lowering production costs – with the ultimate goal of increasing the number of solar-powered electrical generation systems in homes, businesses, and utilities, as well as supporting the nation's defense and aerospace needs for advanced solar energy systems.

In 2012, the University of Toledo joined as partner members of the Lowell Discovery Telescope (formerly Discovery Channel Telescope). [25]

The University of Toledo's athletic teams play as the Rockets, and uniforms sport the colors midnight blue and gold. The university's sports teams play in the Mid-American Conference. The Rockets football team holds nine Mid-American Conference championships, in 1967 (co-champion with Ohio) 1969, 1970, 1971, 1981, 1984, 1990 (co-champs with Western Michigan), 1995, 2001, 2004, and 2017.

Toledo Rockets football played in the 2010 Little Caesars Pizza Bowl on December 26, 2010 against Florida International. Toledo lost the game 34–32. Toledo played in the 2015 Go Daddy Bowl against Arkansas State on Jan 5, 2015. The Rockets won 63–44.

In the season of 2009, the men's tennis team finished 2nd in regular season with a 17–10 record, and reached the finals of the MAC tournament for the first time in 35 years.

The Toledo Rockets men's basketball team was the 2006–07 Mid-American Conference champion under Head Coach Stan Joplin, a former star player for the Rockets during the late 1970s, and was an assistant coach from 1984 to 1990. He was fired after slumping to an 11–19 record in 2007–08. The team received an NCAA Award For High Academic Performance Toledo tied for third-best APR mark in nation and MAC for second straight year. [ when? ] The University of Toledo men's basketball program ranks at the top of the Mid-American Conference for a second straight year in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Academic Performance Rating (APR). [ when? ] Toledo's 994 rating was tied for third place among all NCAA Division I men's basketball programs and trails only Columbia and Davidson. [ when? ]

In the Spring of 2011, the University of Toledo women's basketball team won the WNIT, becoming the first MAC team in any sport to win a National Championship in modern times.

The women's cross country has won four MAC Championships (2001, 2002, 2010, 2011) and three MAC Runner-up finishes (2003, 2005, 2009). The women's cross country team finished 21st at the NCAA Championships in 2011 and 28th at the NCAA Championships in 2010. The women's track team also finished as the 2012 MAC Indoor and Outdoor Runner-up.

The University of Toledo has two official mascots, Rocky the Rocket and Rocksy the Rockette. Rocky was introduced in 1966, and Rocksy was introduced in 2011. UT also has an official spirit crew known as Blue Crew. The University of Toledo Rocket Marching Band performs a pre-game show and halftime show at all home football games in the Glass Bowl.

Bowling Green rivalry Edit

Toledo's principal football rivals are the Falcons of Bowling Green State University. The two teams formerly played for a trophy each year known as the Peace Pipe, a prize that originated in basketball but progressed to football in 1980. Due to NCAA regulations and an agreement between the two schools, new to the rivalry will be the "Battle of I-75" trophy, a bronze trophy awarded to the winner of the game. Toledo now leads the series, and Toledo currently has been dominating the series going 10-1 in the last eleven meetings, recently including a 66–37 blowout win at Bowling Green's home field, Doyt Perry Stadium. [26] [27]

Club sports Edit

The University of Toledo also has a number of club sports under the direction of the university's Division of Student Affairs. Club sports receive funding from the university as student organizations, associated expenses in the sports are often supplemented by students' pay-to-play dues and fundraising activities. Club sports offered by UT include: bowling, women's basketball, crew, cross country, men's ice hockey, men's and women's lacrosse, quidditch, sailing, men's soccer, table tennis, tennis, track and field, men's and women's ultimate disc, fencing, women's volleyball, water polo, and wrestling. [28]

A few recent accomplishments of the University of Toledo Sport Clubs include: three straight individual wrestling national championships from 2006 to 2008 three Midwest-Collegiate Sailing Association Championships in 1950, 2008, and 2009 2 Inter-Collegiate Sailing Association National Championship appearances in 2008 and 2009 a NIRSA Open Division Soccer National Championship in 1996 and an American Collegiate Hockey Association (ACHA) Division I National Championship in 1992.

Ice hockey Edit

The Toledo Rockets men's ice hockey team is a member of the American Collegiate Hockey Association (ACHA) Division II. Besides belonging to the ACHA, the team is also an original member of a conference known as the Tri-State Collegiate Hockey League (TSCHL) which was established in 2010. [29] The team plays a 30–35 game schedule against other club teams in the region.

History of The University of Toledo

This is an archived copy of the 2018-2019 catalog. To access the most recent version of the catalog, please visit http://utoledo-public.courseleaf.com.

The University of Toledo began in 1872 as a private arts and trades school offering painting and architectural drawing as its only subjects. In the 145 years since, the University has grown into a comprehensive institution offering more than 300 undergraduate and graduate programs to more than 21,000 students from around the world. The history of its development is a remarkable story.

In a pamphlet published in 1868 titled “Toledo: Future Great City of the World,” Jesup Wakeman Scott articulated a dream that led him to endow what would become The University of Toledo. Scott, a newspaper editor, expressed his belief that the center of world commerce was moving westward, and by 1900 would be located in Toledo. To help realize this dream, in 1872 Scott donated 160 acres of land as an endowment for a university to train the city’s young people.

The Toledo University of Arts and Trades was incorporated on October 12, 1872, to “furnish artists and artizans [sic] with the best facilities for a high culture in their professions.” Scott died in 1874, a year after the university opened in an old church building downtown. The school was short-lived, however, closing in 1878 due to a lack of funds. On January 8, 1884, the assets of the university were given by Scott’s sons to the city of Toledo and the school reopened as the Toledo Manual Training School. It offered a three-year program for students who were at least 13 years old in academic and manual instruction.

Dr. Jerome Raymond was appointed the first president in 1908. He expanded the school’s offerings by affiliating with the Toledo Conservatory of Music, the YMCA College of Law and the Toledo Medical College, and he helped to create the College of Arts and Sciences. These changes moved the university toward becoming a baccalaureate-degree granting institution, but the school struggled through years of inadequate finances and legal battles over control.

In 1914, Dr. A. Monroe Stowe became president and led the University on its first organized path of development. He founded the College of Commerce and Industry (currently the College of Business and Innovation) in 1914, and the College of Education (today the Judith Herb College of Education) in 1916. Enrollment grew from 200 students to 1,400.

As evidence that the University was maturing, student participation in extracurricular activities increased. In 1919, Student Council was created, and two students started a newspaper called The Universi-Teaser. In 1915, the students petitioned for an intercollegiate athletic program. Football began in 1917, although the first game was a 145-0 loss to the University of Detroit. The sports teams received their nickname, the “Rockets,” in 1923 from a newspaper writer who thought the name reflected the football team’s playing style.

By the 1920s, Toledo University was a growing institution, limited only by the size of buildings that housed it. Classes were held in several small buildings downtown. In 1922, the university moved into an automobile mechanics training facility that had been constructed for World War I on the original Scott plot of land. While twice the size of the old buildings, this location was less than ideal. Its limitations became evident when an enrollment increase of 32 percent in one year produced a critical shortage of space.

The prospects for a new, permanent home for the university improved in 1928 when Dr. Henry J. Doermann became president. His first activity was to initiate plans for a new campus. To pay for the proposed buildings, that year the city placed a bond levy before Toledo’s voters. A campaign by faculty and students led to the levy’s passage by 10,000 votes and less than one year before the start of the Great Depression. Doermann wanted the new campus to reflect the best design elements of European universities because he felt such architecture would inspire students. It took 400 men less than one year to build University Hall and the Field House in the Collegiate Gothic style.

While enrollments remained stable at the university during most years of the Depression, its finances were strapped. Dr. Philip C. Nash, who became president following Doermann’s sudden death, instituted drastic measures to cut costs. Funds from the federal government’s New Deal programs helped by paying for new buildings and student scholarships.

While the Depression decade determined in many ways if the University would survive, it was World War II and its aftermath that transformed UT into the modern university it is today. The impact of the war was felt almost immediately. The military contracted with UT to offer war-training programs for military and civilian personnel. Student life also changed with the war. With a dwindling number of male students, women assumed leadership roles on campus, and intercollegiate basketball and football were suspended. And, tragically, more than 100 UT students were killed in the war. After the war, the GI Bill of Rights provided a way to reward veterans for their service by paying their college tuition, and more than 3,000 veterans took advantage of the program at UT.

In 1947, Wilbur W. White replaced Nash, who had died the previous year. White proposed a progressive 10-year development plan, but he died in 1950 before any new buildings were completed. His successor, Dr. Asa S. Knowles, oversaw the completion of several buildings, including a new library in 1953. Knowles resigned the presidency in 1958. His last official act was to meet with Toledo City Council to discuss the future financing of the university. As a municipal university, more than 12 percent of the city’s budget was allocated to it, and Knowles felt this was unsustainable. Council members suggested the university consider acquiring financial assistance from the state.

It was left to President William S. Carlson to pursue the issue. In 1959, bills introduced in the legislature for a state subsidy for Ohio’s three largest municipal universities stalled, and the university’s financial situation worsened. Fortunately, a 2-mill levy in 1959 passed by 144 votes, raising $1.7 million a year for the university. But the universities of Akron, Cincinnati and Toledo all continued to press for state financial assistance and finally, on July 1, 1967, The University of Toledo became part of the state’s system of higher education. In addition to tuition subsidies for students, state support provided capital improvement money for a campus building boom.

College students became more politically active in the 1960s, and student protests became frequent. Most at UT were peaceful, although protests in opposition to the war in Vietnam led to several arrests. In 1970, the campus remained calm following the deaths of four student protesters at Ohio's Kent State University. A protest led by African American students after the killing of students at Jackson State University in Mississippi temporarily closed University Hall in May 1970, but this ended when Carlson met with the students and reached a peaceful accord.

UT marked its centennial in 1972 with a year of celebration. That year Carlson retired, and Dr. Glen R. Driscoll was selected as his successor. Driscoll oversaw further expansion of the University’s physical plant. Centennial Mall, a nine-acre landscaped area in the center of Main Campus, replaced parking lots and Army barracks in 1980. In 1985, Driscoll retired and was replaced by Dr. James D. McComas, who continued the expansion of the University’s facilities. His tenure at UT was brief, however, as he resigned in 1988.

Dr. Frank E. Horton was selected to be The University of Toledo’s 13th president in October 1988. To meet the challenges of the 1990s, Horton began a lengthy strategic planning effort to chart a course of targeted, purposeful growth. To help achieve the plan’s many goals, in 1993 the University launched a successful $40-million fundraising campaign. The University continued to expand its physical environs with the renovation of commercial buildings into classrooms. The University also formalized its relationship with the Toledo Museum of Art with the completion of UT's Center for the Visual Arts on the museum’s grounds. The University also built its Lake Erie Research Center at Maumee Bay State Park.

Significant growth in the 1990s was not only in buildings, but also in technology. The University joined OhioLINK, a statewide library network, in 1994. The internet became accessible in residence halls and offices. Technological improvements enabled students to register for classes and check their grades online. The University also began to experiment with offering classes via distance (online) learning.

In 1999, Dr. Vik Kapoor became the University’s 14th president following Horton’s retirement. Kapoor embarked on a restructuring program that included major resource reallocation and administrative reorganization. The Community and Technical College, established in 1968 on the University’s Scott Park campus, was abolished. In June 2000, Kapoor resigned, and was replaced the following year by Dr. Daniel Johnson.

Johnson’s agenda focused on reconnecting the University to the community through outreach and engagement activities, and the University’s mission was rewritten to describe UT as a metropolitan research university. Planning began on a science and technology corridor to encourage research partnerships with businesses. Construction projects on Main Campus included renovations to several older buildings, including the Memorial Field House, which was transformed from a basketball arena into a classroom building it reopened in 2008 after several years of standing empty.

In 2006, the University saw another fundamental change with the merger of UT and the Medical University of Ohio, which had been founded as a separate state-supported institution in 1964. As part of the merger, Dr. Lloyd Jacobs, who had been president of MUO, was named president of the merged university. UT became one of few universities nationwide to offer degrees in medicine, law, engineering, business, nursing, pharmacy and education.

In 2015, UT welcomed its first female president, Dr. Sharon L. Gaber. As the University's 17th president, Gaber has worked to increase enrollment, retention, research and philanthropy, and has overseen the implementation of an agreement to partner UT’s medical education with ProMedica, a regional health-care system. Through increased collaboration with faculty, staff, students and the community, Gaber also has led the University in efforts to create and implement a new strategic plan, a diversity and inclusion plan, and a new multiple-campus master plan.

Despite the challenges facing higher education in the 21st century, The University of Toledo today is a success story. Many of its faculty and academic programs have worldwide reputations, and its Main Campus and Health Science Campus are recognized as architectural gems. If the past is any indication, future challenges will be met and the institution will continue educating its students as accountable citizens and global leaders.

University of Toledo - History

University Hall has been an iconic part of the University of Toledo and the City of Toledo since its conception in 1929. The building utilizes collegiate gothic architecture and stands as an inspiration to students to learn and reach for their goals. However, University Hall was not always apart of the University of Toledo.

Prior to the completion of University Hall in 1931, and the leadership of President Henry Doermann, the University was financially unstable, having changed its location multiple times. However, this all changed in 1928 when the University appointed Dr. Doermann President of the University. A bond levy which was placed on the ballot for the City of Toledo in the fall of 1928, which would give funds to the University for the purchase of a new land and the construction of a new campus. President Doermann, university alumni, and other volunteers were able to gather enough support for the bond levy to be passed. The bond issue that was agreed upon totaled $2,800,000, which in today’s (2018) currency would be close to $40 million.[1] After many locations throughout the Toledo area were proposed, it was finally agreed upon by City Council and the relocation board that the new location of the University would be on West Bancroft Street, where it is presently located. On January 31, 1929 the board approved the site and purchased, for a price of $275,00, land from the Rufus Wright Farm (80-acres on West Bancroft).[2] Additionally, another purchase was made to buy 34 acres of land in between the Wright Farm and Terminal Railroad tracks, for a price of $25,000.[3] In 1929, the architectural firm of Mills, Rhines, Bellman, and Nordhoff was chosen to design the University buildings. The contract for constructing University Hall, as well as the Field House went to the Henry J. Spieker Company. Construction finally started and took 11 months to be completed in 1931. With the completion of University Hall UT now has a stable educational environment.

He had chosen University Hall’s Gothic architectural design to reflect a few aspects from the Universities in Europe believing it would be an encouragement to the students attending. Due to this choice in design, it became a standard for all other buildings created on the main campus. Doermann brought more life to the school starting in 1928. At the age of 37, he was elected President of the University in the city of Toledo. After becoming President of the University his first task was to begin an expansion program to organize a new location for the University. Doermann collected the funding needed for this project given to him by a city-initiated bond levy having ten thousand votes. At the time of the new University President had to deal with a little flooding from the Ottawa River, but soon ground was broken for the University Hall in March of 1929 and the cornerstone ceremony began on June 12, 1930. Construction was completed with 400 construction workers in the span of 10 months and a five day open house was initiated in February of 1931.

Architectural Style: Collegiate Gothic

  • Standing 63 feet tall, includes a bell tower in the center which stands 205 feet tall.
  • The tower has four gargoyles which face outward on the four corners.
  • The front entrance is modeled after Daneway Hall, a 16 th century mansion.
  • Contains to courtyards in the east and west wings.
  • Features classical gothic architecture motifs, such as a turret in the front, pointed arch doorways, battlements, and vaulted ceilings.

Architects: Mills, Rhines, Bellman, and Nordhoff Inc.

Contractor: Henry J. Spieker Company (crew of 400 workers)

Ground Breaking: March 3 rd , 1929

Interior of University Hall:

  • Has 337 room, including a theatre which hold over 500 people (named after President Doermann), a cafeteria (removed now office space), 2,000 windows, 12 chimneys, and a library located on the 5 th floor (has been removed and is now class rooms and offices).
  • Home to various administrative and academic offices which consist of the Presidential office, college of arts and letters, office of the provost, college of graduate studies, and college of mathematics. Students who take their subjects in this building are given plenty of ranging activities such as foreign languages, religion, economics, and psychology.

Materials Used: 50,00 tons of Wisconsin Lannon stone and Indiana Limestone. Including 993 tons of Fave bricks, 1,048,600 Duplex bricks, 1,957,300 common bricks, and 6,000 tons of mortar.

Ivy in the front of the building comes from Heidelberg College of Germany. In the past it used to be tradition, in the United States, once a new campus was built a branch of ivy was brought over from a European Institution and planted in the new campus. Symbolizing continuing education.

Corner stone was laid on June 12 th , 1930, however Dr. Doermann left a sort of time capsule within the stone before it was laid. The stone contains a short history of the University, descriptions of the bond campaign, copies of the University’s annual Blockhouse, Campus Collegian, Toledo City Journal, and pictures from the ground breaking.

On the third floor there is a collection of 55 painted University seals, which represent the first faculty to occupy University Hall.


Value of $2,800,000 in 1928. Inflation Calculator for Today's Dollars, www.saving.org/inflation/inflation.php?amount=2,800,000&year=1928.

Hickerson, Frank R. The Tower Builders the Centennial Story of the University of Toledo. University of Toledo Press, 1972.

University of Toledo

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University of Toledo, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Toledo, Ohio, U.S. It offers more than 300 undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs through 13 schools and colleges. The main campus is in west Toledo in addition there are the Scott Park campus of Energy and Innovation, the Health Science campus, and academic facilities at the Lake Erie Center, the Toledo Museum of Art, and the Stranahan Arboretum. The university also provides a joint-study program with Bowling Green State University. Research centres and institutes include the Polymer Institute, the Legal Institute of the Great Lakes, and the Ritter Astrophysical Research Center. The University of Toledo enrolls approximately 23,000 students.

The Toledo University of Arts and Trades was founded in 1872 on the current Scott Park campus on lands donated by Jesup W. Scott, a citizen of Toledo. It was a municipal university from 1883 until 1967, when it began receiving state support. Pharmacy and law were added to the curriculum in the first decade of the 20th century, when the university became affiliated with Toledo Medical College and the Toledo YMCA College of Law. The university experienced marked growth beginning in 1928 with the creation of the campus in west Toledo. In 2006 the University of Toledo merged with the Medical University of Ohio the latter was renamed the University of Toledo Health Science Campus.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Rachel Cole, Research Editor.


here’s another interesting link to some aku-aku stories:

my dad tuned the piano at the aku-aku and i sometimes went with him. i remember meeting count basie and other entertainers. i also remember watching all the beautiful girls hanging around the swimming pool on a weekday afternoon. ahem.
dad had a lot of slick shapiro stories, none of which i remember other than the fact that dad liked him because he paid and he paid on time.
that said, i really enjoy this site. keep it up!

Thanks! That is a GREAT link.

My grandparents basically lived right around the corner at “Phil Manor,” a brick apartment building at Robinwood and Bancroft, and we used to pass the Town House/Quality Inn there all the time. By then (late 60s, early 70s) the area was still sliding and the digging for Interstate 75 made it a pretty memorable mess anyway.

I worked as a sommelier at Tiffinanny’s in 1979. It was a wine only bar (about 120 different bottles) with one beer, Grolsch. The food was limited to a cheese plate ( bonbel, port salut, port wine cheddar, brie and apple slices. There was live music on the weekends, but it was more if a date place than a singles bar.
Great article. Good memories. I moved out of state that year.

Hi Mark, thanks for sharing your memories of Tiffinanny’s. I came to Tiffinanny’s frequently back in the mid to late 1970’s, and you are correct, Tiffinanny’s was a date place. It was unique and very special. The owner created spaces within his establishment just for couples partitioning tables with tall walls that split each table in fours to seat up to 4 couples per table. While I cannot recall the owner’s name, I recall his telling my then girlfriend and I that he named the place after his 2 ex-wives. Excellent wine and cheeses, and live music. All good memories.

I went searching on the Internet in search of any photos of Tiffinanny’s. So far, I have not found any. The only references of Tiffinanny’s found are from those that either worked or performed there. I hope to find a photo or of it someday. Thanks again for sharing.

Chapter 1: The Early Years, 1872-1910s

In a small pamphlet published in 1868 entitled “Toledo: Future Great City of the World,” Jesup Wakeman Scott articulated a dream that led him to endow what would become the University of Toledo. Scott, who served as editor of The Toledo Blade from 1844-1847, often used his writings to promote the city. In this publication, he expressed his belief that the center of world commerce was moving ever westward, and by 1900 would be located in Toledo. The city would become bigger than Paris, London, or New York. To help realize this dream, in 1872 Scott donated 160 acres of land on Nebraska Avenue near a proposed railroad terminal as an endowment for a university to train the city’s young people to assume roles in the Future Great City.

Articles of incorporation were drawn up on October 12, 1872 for the Toledo University of Arts and Trades. The institution was to “furnish artists and artisans with the best facilities for a high culture in their professions. ” Income from the lease of the Scott land, then valued at $80,000 but certain to increase rapidly when the railroad terminal opened, was to support the institution. The university was to offer its classes “free of cost to all pupils who have not the means to pay for the same, and all others are to pay such tuition and other fees as the trustees may require.”

Unfortunately for the struggling university, the railroad terminal never materialized. Jesup Scott died in 1874, a year before the university opened in the old Independent Church Building at 10th and Adams downtown. The building was named for trustee William Raymond, who gave the money needed to purchase it. The university’s curriculum centered on design courses, with painting and architectural drawing as the only subjects. The school was forced to close in 1878, however, because it was never able to gain appropriate finances.

Jesup Scott’s three sons—Frank, William, and Maurice—were disappointed by the failure of the school. They felt that the university might succeed if reorganized as a manual training school. But because they had no money, the sons turned over the university’s assets—including the 160 acres of land—to the city of Toledo on January 8, 1884. Three months later the city accepted the gift and agreed to use the assets to create a university, as was required by the Scott trust.

The city ordinance accepting the assets stated that the school was to be called Toledo University, and its first department was to be the Manual Training School. A Board of Directors was appointed, and the Toledo Board of Education provided the top floor of the Central High School to house the Manual Training School. The school offered a three-year program for students at least 13 years old, who divided their time evenly between academic and manual instruction.

The Manual Training School was a huge success. Soon the school was out of room, and the Board of Directors asked the Board of Education to provide land for a new building. The ensuing disagreements between these two governing bodies were the first in a long line of fights which would not be resolved until 1911. But the new building was constructed as an annex to Central High.

Toledo University passed up a great opportunity in 1900. An anonymous donor offered to provide a substantial gift of money to turn the Manual Training School into a technical university. However, the Board of Directors turned down the offer because they felt it had too many strings attached. They learned after rejecting the gift that their would-be benefactor was steel magnate Andrew Carnegie. Carnegie gave his money a few years later for the establishment of the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh.

The Manual Training School changed its name to the Toledo University Polytechnic School in 1900. However, most people continued to call it the Manual Training School, and it continued a curriculum of traditional and vocational instruction to students in the 8th grade and higher. Another quarrel broke out between the Board of Directors and the Board of Education over space for the school. When it could not be resolved, the Board of Directors decided to exclude students in grades 8 and 9 from attending. With this move, the battles between the two bodies intensified.

Albert E. Macomber, one of the original trustees of the institution in 1872 and an ardent supporter, suddenly turned on the school and began a lengthy battle against it. He sought to have the Polytechnic School abolished and reestablished as the manual training department of Central High. Maurice Scott supported Macomber because he felt the Polytechnic School was not the intention of his father’s original endowment.

The university’s Board of Directors needed a new facility to relieve overcrowding, and proposed selling the Scott farm property to pay for it. Macomber and the Scott sons sued, stating that the city and the Board of Education had no right to sell the land. The university’s Board of Directors turned to the state legislature, which in 1904 enacted legislation stating the right to regulate municipal universities was a power of city council, not the Board of Education. A circuit court ruling upheld the legality of the Board of Directors.

The battle between the two governing boards continued, and escalated. In 1905, the Board of Education refused to levy taxes to support the school, and the Manual Training School could not open for one month due to lack of funds. The next year the Board of Education sought to strengthen its hand by seizing the building that housed the school. Several members barricaded themselves inside, refusing to leave. The Board of Directors asked the city to file a lawsuit to finally settle the question of who controlled the university.

Funding for the school continued to be tenuous. In 1908, when the city tried again to levy taxes to support the institution, Macomber vigorously attacked the effort. He published a scathing circular criticizing the university. City government was unwilling to turn over any money to operate the institution until Board member Dr. John S. Pyle pointed out the city had just spent $2400 to purchase an elephant for the zoo. Surely, Dr. Pyle argued, the university was as important as an elephant. The tactic worked, and on June 15, 1909, the city granted $2400 to fund the institution. This did not end the financial problems of the university, however, and operating expenses often had to be made up out of the pockets of the directors.

Dr. Jerome Raymond was appointed the first president of the university in 1908. Despite the financial headaches and the on-going questions concerning the legality of the university’s existence, Dr. Raymond was able to make some progress for the university. He expanded the university’s offerings by affiliating with the Toledo Conservatory of Music and the YMCA College of Law and creating the College of Arts and Sciences. Along with its affiliation with the Toledo Medical College, which had occurred in 1904, these changes were important in moving the institution from being a manual training school to becoming an institution of higher education.

However, Dr. Raymond found the stress of the situation too much, and resigned in 1910. No candidates came forward to replace him because of the political difficulties and an annual city appropriation of only $3600. The university appointed Dr. Charles Cockayne, then on the faculty, as acting president.

At this time, classes for the university were being held in both the Manual Training School facility and at the Toledo Medical College building at Cherry and Page. The Toledo Medical College building was nearly destroyed in a fire on January 9, 1911. This was a devastating blow for the directors. The university lost its laboratories, its library, and many classrooms. The directors were ready to give up and close the university. Fortunately, an arrangement was made to use the third floor of the Meredith Building at Michigan and Jefferson. The university continued to hang on.

On January 24, 1911, in the case of Toledo v. Seiders et al., the university finally got the legal decision it had eagerly sought settling the questions of ownership and control. A circuit court decision (upheld by the Ohio Supreme Court) clearly established the legal existence of the university and the Board of Directors as its governing body. The city raised its budget to $5000, and for the first time it appeared the institution might survive.

The Board of Directors realized after the court’s decision that it no longer needed the Manual Training School. The curriculum did not fit with an institution that provided baccalaureate education. In 1914, the directors worked out an agreement to give the building to the Board of Education in exchange for an empty elementary school at the corner of 11th and Illinois. However, this building was not without its problems. It needed extensive renovation it was in a bad neighborhood and it was a mile from the Cherry and Page street building which, after having been repaired following the fire, continued as the location for many classes.

With the new building came a new president. Dr. Cockayne was removed, although at first he refused to leave and his replacement, Dr. Allen Cullimore, had to change the locks on the president’s office door to keep him out. Dr. Cullimore served as acting president for five months until a permanent president, Dr. A. Monroe Stowe, took office on July 6, 1914.

Dr. Stowe faced many of the same challenges of his predecessors, and some new ones. In 1914, the Toledo Medical College closed, the victim of new regulations governing medical education issued by the American Medical Association. But despite this setback, Dr. Stowe seemed to have the vision to take the university on its first organized path of development. He established educational standards, admission requirements, and a formal curriculum. He founded the College of Commerce and Industry in 1914, and the College of Education in 1916. Enrollment grew from 200 students to 1400, and the budget increased to $200,000. Dr. Stowe took the first steps toward becoming accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, and in 1920 accreditation was granted.

Dr. Stowe’s tenure was not without controversy, however. In 1915, at the urging of Dr. Pyle, Dr. Stowe hired Scott Nearing as professor of economics and dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. Nearing was an economics professor who had been dismissed from the University of Pennsylvania for his radical views. With his national reputation, Nearing was sought after as a speaker, and came to be seen as the spokesperson for the working classes of Toledo. With the United States on the verge of entering World War I and the fear of Socialism on the rise, however, Nearing was attacked by many conservative groups in the city. They feared he was using his position in the classroom to teach Socialism to students. The groups and their influential leaders succeeded in getting Nearing dismissed from his position in 1917. His house was raided, many of his papers were confiscated, and the American Association of University Professors refused Nearing’s appeal for assistance.

When the United States entered the war in 1917, enrollment dropped as students left to serve their country. The Committee on Education and Special Training of the U.S. War Department proposed a program to the university to train automobile mechanics for the war effort. A machine shop and dormitory were built on the Scott property on Nebraska Avenue for this purpose, as was housing for the Toledo University Section of the Students Army Training Corps. This program, the forerunner of ROTC, provided army training for many soldiers. Many of these students returned to the university after the war and enrolled as full-time students.

At the end of nearly 50 years of existence, Toledo University had emerged as a growing municipal university.

While its critics, including Albert Macomber, continued to attack it, the institution had established the legality of its existence, had divorced itself from a manual training curriculum, and was accredited by a national agency. It continued, however, to be housed in several inadequate buildings, and in the next decade would be forced to find a permanent home.

Sexism Charges Challenged at the University of Toledo

Three sources within the department told HNN that Ruth Wallis Herndon is the professor who resigned. Professor Herndon could not be reached for comment, but these sources said that neither a sexist atmosphere nor the University&rsquos report led to her resignation. Rather, she left simply because she was offered a better position at Bowling Green State University, which is closer to her home.

Every female professor that I contacted declined to comment on the OID report for fear of worsening the situation. However, two female graduate students in the department, who wish to remain anonymous, both said that, to their knowledge, the accusations in the report are untrue. &ldquoIf the charges were true,&rdquo offered one student, &ldquoyou would think [sexism] would have trickled down to the graduate students, which it hasn&rsquot.&rdquo Another student believes that the problem is caused by one professor, &ldquoand it has been turned into sexism because she happens to be female.&rdquo If the department is &ldquotoxic&rdquo in the eyes of this professor, she continues, &ldquoIt is because she has made it so.&rdquo

My sources indicated that the divide within the department might be more related to politics than sexism. One source says &ldquothe problems in the department exist due to differences of opinion in how the department should be run.&rdquo Much of the animosity seems to stem from a vote of no confidence (8-4) in the former department chair, Timothy Messer-Kruse. A source within the department said that since the vote, &ldquothose that supported the former chair&helliphave an axe to grind.&rdquo Another female graduate student confirmed that &ldquothere is a lot of bitterness and hard feelings&rdquo over last year&rsquos vote. Professor Larry Wilcox says that Messer-Kruse was ousted because his critics believed he was not leading the department well.

Wilcox, who has been teaching at the University for almost forty years, admits that the History program is in dire condition. He claims that &ldquoadministrators who give little support to the humanities&rdquo are a big part of the problem. When Wilcox began teaching at Toledo in 1968, University enrollment was at 9,000 and there were twenty tenure track professors in the history department. Today, enrollment is just under 20,000 and there will be eight tenure track professors, one of whom is a woman, by the end of the academic year.

In the last three years, eight members of the teaching faculty have retired, but according to Wilcox, the administration has not permitted the department to replace them with new tenure track faculty. Both Wilcox and the graduate students I spoke to felt that if new faculty were hired, problems in the history department would be ameliorated.

In Wilcox&rsquos view, the University&rsquos treatment of the OID report has exacerbated the situation. He says that the allegations in the report have resulted in &ldquoarbitrary and capricious punishment of the Department of History by the current administration of the University of Toledo.&rdquo The University has repeatedly denied his requests to see the specific allegations made in the report, along with support and attribution. Instead, the administration has given the department a two page summary and conclusions of the OID investigation. In local newspaper articles, the administration has contended that faculty members were given anonymity so they would not be hindered in fully expressing their feelings about the department. Nevertheless, a graduate student remarked, &ldquoBy refusing to discuss the situation, the University is merely suppressing the problem.&rdquo

Wilcox also charged that his department has not been given the &ldquoright to respond to [the report] in a fair and public forum.&rdquo Consequently, he and five other male faculty members (or 2/3 or the remaining tenure track faculty) have filed a class action grievance against the administration of the University of Toledo. One male and one female professor refused to sign the suit. When contacted, a representative of the University administration said that it would be &ldquoinappropriate for the University comment under the circumstances.&rdquo

Given the recent developments, the atmosphere of the University of Toledo&rsquos history department is replete with tension and low morale. At least three Master&rsquos students are leaving after this year. Professor Wilcox complains that &ldquouniversity politics&rdquo have unduly intruded on his professional obligations and his devotion to his students. However, there is still some optimism that the department can weather the storm. One graduate student says, &ldquoI know we can get through this and that the quality of our program will carry us through.&rdquo

Post Modern Style

Post-Modern is the name given to recent developments in architecture. Its defining elements are not always clear, but it does represent a drastic change from the buildings of the International Style. For some architects, Post-Modern is a return to the styles of the 1920s and 1930s. To others it means an interest in the arbitrary geometry of the Beaux-Arts school of the 19th century. To still others it is completely radical and new. One could sum up the Post-Modern style by one word: eclectic.

9. Stranahan Hall

Architects: Munger, Munger, and Associates

Stranahan Hall, home of the College of Business Administration, fits the Post-Modern label well. It is modern, yet old. It is square, yet round. It is symmetrical, yet asymmetrical. It is eclectic.

Stranahan Hall has been one of the most acclaimed buildings constructed on campus. In 1986, the architectural firm won an American Institute of Architects/Society of Honor Award for the design. It has been described as "a sophisticated use of form and materials relating well to the campus's Collegiate Gothic roots."

Heaviness of walls, unlike sleek glass and steel of the International buildings.

Pointed dormer windows of the Gothic tradition.

Rounded northeast corner, balancing against other square and pyramidal sides.

Classical columns on south facade.

Five-story atrium, balanced against buried first floor.

Deeply recessed windows are a much simplified version of the leaded glass casement windows of University Hall.

10. McMaster Hall

Architects: Munger, Munger, and Associates

McMaster Hall is the second building on campus to be built in the Post-Modern style. Like Stranahan Hall, it encompasses elements of the old and the new, yet its roots are clearly in the Collegiate Gothic. It is less eclectic and more traditional than Stranahan Hall.

Features to note:

Heaviness of walls gives the feeling of permanence and tradition.

Pointed roofs and battlement decoration are Gothic elements.

Pointed arched doorways, chimney brick, casement windows, and slate on roofs are similar to University Hall.

Seven-story height of central portion reminiscent of University Hall tower.

Its traditional design contrasts with the building's intended purpose to provide a place for instruction in advanced physics and astronomy.

11. The Academic Center Residence Hall

Architects: Seyfang, Blanchard, Duket, Porter Inc.

Typical of the eclecticism of the Post-Modern movement, the Academic Center Residence Hall combines elements of both the Gothic and International styles of architecture. The outer walls combine modern aluminum with traditional brick. The Hall unites vertical, horizontal and diagonal surface areas, along with tall, narrow windows to provide a unique blend of the old and the new.

Slanted roofs reminiscent of University Hall design.

Aluminum roof design combines elements of the old and the new.

12. Student Union Addition

Much like the Academic Center Residence Hall, the latest Student Union Addition is a combination of the Gothic and International Styles. This is exemplified in the use of both buff-colored brick in the middle of the building and Indiana limestone at each end. This combination is also evident in the design and materials used on the roof, which is peaked and made of slate on each end and flat in the middle.

Middle of building is rounded showing interest in geometric shapes. This interest is reminiscent of the International as well as the Transitional styles of architecture.

Ends of building emphasize clean vertical, horizontal, and diagonal lines, and include evidence of the Collegiate Gothic.

13. Center for Visual Arts

Architects: Frank O. Gehry and Associates

The Center for Visual Arts is located adjacent to The Toledo Museum of Art in Toledo's Old West End and is the first University building designed by world- renowned architect Frank Gehry. The design of the building provides an interesting and pleasing contrast to the classical appearance of the Museum.

The Center for Visual Arts is a building of metal and glass that exemplifies the contemporary style. In designing the complex, Gehry paid special attention to balancing different geometric shapes, particularly noting the flat roof and the rounded corners of the building. The Center for Visual Arts is often noted for its award-winning design and was also featured in Time magazine.

Watch the video: The University of Toledo - Annual Report 2018 (May 2022).